• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Power and Principles: The rise of industrialism and ideology

Extracts from this document...


HL European History 2002-09-17 Power and Principles: The rise of industrialism and ideology Notes Page 2-6a The Industrialism of the West * Starting in Britain industrialism spread into Europe and north America * Germany and the US quickly became rivals to Britain but the west was the powerhouse * Steam, textiles, oil, electricity, steel and chemicals were great new innovations Britain and the Age of Steam * Though it was the age of industrialism, Britain retained its strong working middle class * flexibility of the working class allowed Britain's business to prosper * The bank of England was a solid support for industry and provided the stability that convinced many middle class Brits to invest in business. * American and British consumerism provided a large market for cheap, mass-produced goods Industrialism Spreads to Europe and the Americas * The IR quickly spread from Britain across the world, each country adapted their own version of the British model, unique to themselves. * Importing machines and skilled labours from Britain, Europe was able to skip whole stages of development * Immense capitalism was required and the government and banks funded the operations more substantially than in Britain * Railroad and trade innovations allowed for the easy transport of goods * Latin America developed much slower, initially trading raw materials for manu. ...read more.


Conflict * The heart of the middle class was the business elite * It was said that any person with nothing could soon grow it to riches in the business world * The power of the traditional upper class was marginal, the power of land turned into the power of money and families were desperate to compete with the rich businessmen * The French revolution had liberated peasants and given many of them control of land * Everywhere peasants were drawn into economics by the increased demand from the population explosion, these middle-class peasants soon adapted to the modern tech. * The emerging working class faced hard times, working 12 hour shifts in factories, at the lowest possible wages and being exposed to hazardous conditions daily. Population and Migration * from 1800 to 1900 the population more than doubled from 190 to 420 million despite the declining family size in the latter part of the century * Despite the deplorable condition of the working class the death rate declined substantially, causes include sanitation, more food, lower tariffs and better housing * Medical breakthroughs were made inclu. anaesthetics, antiseptics, infection and bacteria * 40 million Europeans emigrated to the Americas to escape the rapid pace of Europe The New Industrial City * Mass migration ensued as the industrial age produced some of the worst ...read more.


Democracy and Welfare * As the century advanced the liberal ideals changed to more reflect democracy * Liberals became more and more willing to use the power of the government to offer social reforms in order to win lower-class votes * Utilitarianism was popular, the institution of tools and tech to improve the quality of life * Other ideologies flooded out, including feminism and socialism Cultural and Political Nationalism * Nationalism is the sense of allegiance to ones country * The FR in 1789 turned enthusiasm for national culture into political nationalism * Leaders of France told the French people that the nation was now their country * Nationalism also sparked the separatists, as absorbed nations demanded freedom from foreign rule Chauvinism and Racism * Nationalism prospered but that soon turned the nations into competitions with each other * Racism emerged, people were classified by their colour, religion and physical features * Using their knowledge of bio. Science, racists developed physical and behavioural traits for other races * Racism tended to focus on the inferiority or the menaces of races other one's own Utopian Socialism and Marxism * Socialism was a response to the Industrial Revolution * Socialists argued that the people working in the factories should own the assets and machines rather than the rich entrepreneurs to distribute wealth * Utopian Socialism, the earliest form of socialism envisions humankind united in love and labour ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Money and Power still remains with Caucasians

    If you look at who are the richest people in the world the top 100 is full of Caucasians but I give that there are a small percentage of Arabian royalty and Indians. The richest man by far is Bill Gates who would be just below Bangladesh in wealth if

  2. The Representation of Young Offenders institutions is always negative in order to support the ...

    This story line was dropped from the later film. On its release Scum was seen as shocking and violent but also acclaimed as a 'must see' representation of the borstal system. The film has been screened on television rarely and due to this it has acquired 'cult status' through the video and DVD market.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work