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Social Aspects of Sport-Outcome 2 Sociology is the study of human beings and the societies that they form. It is a way of attempting to observe

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Unit 11 - Social Aspects of Sport-Outcome 2 Sociology is the study of human beings and the societies that they form. It is a way of attempting to observe and study the way in which we behave. There are a few theories and perspectives used in order to reach a greater understanding. The first perspective is called functionalism. Functionalism started in Europe in the 19th century as a response to what was perceived as a crisis of social order. Functionalism states that the human body is made up of structures such as the heart, lungs, liver kidneys and the skin all of which play a vital role in the well being of a person. It shows that if there is an illness with a person then the effects are felt by the whole person rather than the specific organ, it then relates this theory to within society, with society itself being the unit compared to the body. An individual's relationships combine to form the structures, which are; Food/water, Air, Clothes, Shelter, Family, Money, Love, Employment, Education, Sport and Exercise, Social interaction. These are all perceived as key factors for human life. Functionalism has been criticised because it states that consensus can occur within groups in society rather than conflicts and it also struggles to explain society as a process helped by change and development Sport performs certain key functions such as providing an acceptable means of venting energies and frustration which have built up. ...read more.


These sporting activities give them diversion for their otherwise dull routine lives. The bourgeoisie also use sport to prepare their workers and make them fitter more disciplined and more effective and productive. The super structure composes of five different components; education, religion, political state, media and family. Power is a feature of all social relationships. It is rare that groups or important people are all powerful because they rely on the consensus of other people or groups. There are many factors, which can define social influences on sports participation. Gender can have a major influence upon a person's participation within sport. Much of the sports scene has been dominated by male domination. Women have been marginalized by sport although they are more involved today with barrier still been broken down. Away from the public eye too much of sport is still dominated by men. Progress has been made in sports such as football, athletics, golf and tennis where historically there was little expectation or provision for female participation. Although for women there is still a long way to go in order to achieve equality. There are many reasons as to why women took a long time to begin their quest for equality. The first being that they have lack of time, for example women in partnerships with men tend to take on the domestic responsibilities. ...read more.


Most statistics show that men have more free time than women and therefore higher participation rates as women are subject to more complex factors. A person's fitness level and also their ability can also decide how much they participate for example things such as obesity and health problems can cause people not to participate at all. As each sport demands different levels of certain abilities people may be put off feeling that they may never reach the desired level. Medical conditions can also have a similar effect but it may also make people take part in sport, more and more people are using gyms and doing sporting activities to lose weight. Similarly people with cardiac problems regularly take part in sport to keep the heart strong and healthy. Some forms of sport and exercise can cause people o lose stress and relax and recover from work and release feelings and emotions which have built up. Education allows people to participate within sport whilst at school. This has benefits as it allows people who may not normally participate outside of school to get involved along with their friends, which may make it a better experience for them. It also allows people to be taught to a certain level about specific sports, which may make them want to further their knowledge within it and is guaranteed to make them enjoy it more. ?? ?? ?? ?? Richard Aldridge ...read more.

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