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Socialization in different theories.

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Socialization in different theories Each different theory of sociology interprets and sees Socialization in a different way. Functionalism, Interactionism and Marxism all have very different views on the same subject, showing in themselves that everyone in society thinks differently, and therefore, socialization can be interpreted differently by absolutely anyone. Functionalism (or the consensus theory) is based mainly on the idea that there is a consensus in society, with a set of values and norms, telling us how we should behave. Functionalists argue that society exists because people choose to live together and socialise with one another. Emile Durkheim, a leading exponent of Functionalism argued that these norms and values can only be learnt through a process of socialization, which must continue throughout life. His argument can be validated and backed-up by the story of "The wild boy of Avyeron", a child isolated for many years in a wood. ...read more.


Functionalism argues that what is important is not the individual, but the social structure and that we all learn the norms and values laid down by society through the process of socialization in order for society to work. Interactionism, in contrast, rejects any idea of a social system, arguing instead that humans are pragmatic actors who change their behaviour for different situations depending upon how they want to be viewed. The interactionist theorist does not believe that humans enter a process of socialization, but merely have the ability to play through roles in their minds and choose which path to take, thus creating their own social worlds, not just as conforming objects of socialization. Interactionists believe that society is formed on a basis of organised and patterned interactions between individuals and not on structural relationships involving norms and values learnt from Socialization, They argue that humans learn these values and norms through interacting with each other, not being taught them through a system of socialization. ...read more.


Like Functionalism, Marxism argues that socialization takes place and the main institutions of society are in place so that this socialization may take place. However, Marxists believe that these institutions are really in place to further an economic system, and thus support the ruling class. Therefore, in theory, Marxism states that socialization is there to support the wealthy, ruling class. Unlike functionalists, Marx believed that although socialization is necessary in life, it is used to benefit a minority, and our values and norms come from authority; the same authority that provides us with socialization. The institutions in which we socialize teach us, overall, to obey authority; the same authority which drums into us the values and norms which we accept today. Marx believed that revolution was needed to make things fairer, but whilst people are still educated, brought up and made to socialize by the same system, this will not be possible, as they are told to see this as the norm. ...read more.

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