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Sociology notes

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Introduction

Sociology notes MARX Finds Utopian Sociologists- unrealistic Studied law - ideas passed on by friend and student Engel- passed on the ideas and emphasizes the scientific side of Marx theory displaying Marx as a pioneer in the Sociology department. - Russian Revolution linked to Marx (1917) - Soviet Union classes related and should not a direct result of Marx- something got confused! - Marxism "the opiate of the intellectuals" trendy Believed that the workers would revolt in order for his way to exist. First time worker revolt- unsuccessful 1848 in the soviet. Workers of the World unite- not nationalist, believed all working revolt together against the elites. Romantic element to "after the revolt everything will be ok" religious almost. Mix of French- politics, German- philosophy, English- economics. ...read more.

Middle

- Not a theory of motivation- not individual motives driving forces. - Class conflict leads to change- motor of history - Conflict between two or more forms of organized society,classes, etc.. leads to change and historical materialism. A complete change in ideas in a field. People ideas are shaped by the way they live, how they live is based on their. The general means of production. Disagreed with passive experiences- believed peoples decisions where so influeneced by "this made up God" that it restrictied and shaped everything in their lives. Durkeim Social Order- what holds Society together - Functionalist Perspective: for any given society and for whatever reasons the characteristics of that society have developed, the characteristics have developed because they meet the needs of that society in its particular situation/time, and by doing so; it helps that society survive. ...read more.

Conclusion

Achieve cooperation through striving for consensus- social solidarity, without it chaos Collective Consciousness is the total sum of shared values, norms, and behaviours that hold society together. Equilibrium is forced to change only by outside factor to which it must adapt. (new technology, war, etc) Survival of the Fittest- societies adapt slowly and change only when necessary. Views on Conflict: Seen as Dysfunction- part of society- happens because it serves a function is some way. Certain levels of dysfunction are tolerated, however, if an institution becomes too dysfunctional it either changes its function completely, or is dropped, or society breaksdown. Deviance as a function in society- has an affect on all other parts of society, however the fact that society hasn't brokedn down shows that it exists in a functional society. It is tolerated to a degree- and regulated ( which creates jobs and sense of security- which in turn furthers society). ...read more.

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