• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Myall Creek Massacre

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Myall Creek Massacre was a horrific atrocity, leading to the slaughter of twenty-eight innocent Aboriginal Australians from the Kwiambal tribe, of the Myall Creek district, on the 10th June 1838. (1). The execution of the twenty-eight Aborigines, the group consisting of men, women and children, went completely without reason. During May 1838 stockmen in stations in the lower Gwydir Valley, located at a distance of between forty and eighty miles from Myall Creek began to organize an expedition. The purpose of this expedition was to clear the Gwydir area of Aborigines. (2) On Friday the 8th of June 1838 the expedition departed Bell's station, approximately forty miles west of Myall Creek. It appears that a series of massacres and murders were conducted by the group of white travelers upon Aboriginal people. These murders are thought to have occurred on the eighth, ninth, tenth (Myall Creek massacre), and thirteenth of June. The group dispatched on the nineteenth of June, with the purpose of their entire journey being the extermination of Aborigines.(3). On the 10th of June the group reached Henry Dangar's Myall Creek Station. Joined by Charles Kilmeister, one of the head stockmen on the station, the mob approached a group of terrified Aborigines taking shelter nearby another stockmen, George Anderson. Twenty-eight Aborigines were tied up and marched 'over a ridge'. Shortly afterwards, Anderson heard two shots fired. The group of Aborigines were shot, stabbed, decapitated and burnt. One Aboriginal woman was forced to watch the slaughter of her people, before being repeatedly raped and killed sometime later. (4). Conflict was evident between Aboriginals and Colonists from the very beginning of settlement. ...read more.

Middle

(25). On the 7th of December Governor Gipps stated his agreement with the verdict, and sentences the men to hanging. All seven men were hanged on the 18th of December, 1838. (26). Throughout the investigation and trial of the men white society was desperately divided regarding their opinions. Most white people could see no justification in a white man dying simply because they killed an Aborigine. The case caused much public outrage and dispute within the settlement. (27) The aftermath and lessons learnt in regards to Aboriginal treatment by members of white society are debatable, as it appears that the government did not manage to convey their message successfully. The aim of the persecution was to warn white settlers that Aboriginal brutality would not be accepted. However, the message that was received was 'if you do kill an Aborigine, by all means, do not let the government find out.' (28) An article written in the Sydney Herald on the 7th of December, 1838, the day seven of the eleven men were convicted of murder and sentenced to death, conveying the laws' reasoning behind convicting the men. The aim of the article appears to be to sway public opinion and convince society that the conviction was just. The article uses words describing the aborigines as "poor defenseless human beings" (quote, 29, Syd Her primary, from book), and attempts to manipulate the audience through the use of visual and emotive language. The article attempts to sway public opinion by making suggestions as to the understandings of why the men have behaved in the manner that they did. After stating and acknowledging these reasons, the article re-states that their behavior was un-acceptable and under British law and the Christian faith, could not go un-punished. ...read more.

Conclusion

Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 20. Denholm, D. 'The Myall Creek Massacre', The Push from the Bush, No. 9, July 1987. 21. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 22. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 23. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 24. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 25. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 26. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 27. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 28. Atkinson, A. and Marian Aveling. Australians, 1838. NSW: Fairfax, Syme and Weldon Associates, 1987. 29. Historical Records of Australia. Series 1, Governors Despatches to and from England Volume XIX, July 1837 to January 1839. Sydney: Alfred James Kent, Government Printer, 1923. 30. Historical Records of Australia. Series 1, Governors Despatches to and from England Volume XIX, July 1837 to January 1839. Sydney: Alfred James Kent, Government Printer, 1923. 31. Denholm, D. 'The Myall Creek Massacre', The Push from the Bush, No. 9, July 1987. 32. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. 33. Elder, B. Blood on the Wattle, Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australian since 1788, 3rd ed. Australia: New Holland Publishers, 2003. Mary Kay ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Langston Hughes's The Ways of White Folks,

    Ellsworth, making it harder for Mrs. Ellsworth to squeeze her way into Oceola's life: "She wasn't' tremendously interested, it seemed, in going way downtown to play for some elderly lady she had never heard of, even if the request did come from the white critic, Ormond Hunter, via the pastor of the church whose choir she rehearsed, and to which Mr.

  2. Homelessness In Australia.

    He states that it is through openness and generosity as a community and individuals that Christians can serve Christ present in the poor and bear witness to the Father's love. The Pontifical Commission declared 2000 the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless.

  1. Sociology Investigation

    I am going to use the internet and sociology books so that I can achieve the most possible information. I select these particular sources as I have access to them all the time and I know how to make efficient use of them.

  2. Free essay

    Remo and july

    'Odorless TV ad' seems to relate to what is later said 'as if anything at all was possible', as if they could have been them, relating to the American Dream of Equality for everyone, where everyone has the same rights and anything is possible.

  1. The ancient civilizations of Central and South America

    Despite his luxurious lifestyle, he did sleep on the floor like everyone else in his empire did. These emperors usually ended up having hundreds of wives, but those were for pure pleasure. His sister was usually named his chief wife, and that made sure that the next in line to

  2. Environmental Lessons From History.

    The importance of the carvers was acknowledged by dint of the fact that all sustenance was supplied to them by the many farmers and fishermen on the island. The question must be posed as to why this work was undertaken to such an extent.

  1. First Day

    I look at the class to see who I can see, no one that I have any idea at all who they are. Again, I take a big deep breath before knocking on the door and entering the room. As I open the door, again I have the now familiar

  2. I am Sam [2001] directed by JessieNelson and The Curious Incident of the Dog ...

    Routine, order and predictability protect him from the messy, wider world that is until he comes across his neighbour's poodle Wellington impaled on a garden pitch fork. Christopher seizes upon this mystery as a puzzle like a maths problem in hopes of understanding something that makes no sense to him;

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work