• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5

What are the social limitations and posibilities of your gender?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS AND POSIBILITIES OF YOUR GENDER? CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2 ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? 2 A. Inequalities for women in society 1. Employment 2. The Household 3. Education B. Statistics: The truth? WHY ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? 3 CONCLUSION 5 BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 INTRODUCTION In this essay, I shall go into detail about why there are social limitations for women, concentrating mainly on the gender pay gap as I feel that it is a good example in which to answer the set question. It would be impossible, if not insulting, to cover the whole issue of women's social limitations in two thousand words. However, I have given two other examples not relating to the gender pay gap, to illustrate that paid work is but a part of a larger picture. "Today, in western societies, women have the same life chances as their male counterparts." Common sense and experience of life could tell us that the above statement is untrue. In this essay I shall illustrate some of the inequalities between the genders, explain the divides, and explain some of the ways in which this is changing. ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? Here are three examples of inequalities within society. Explanations for these inequalities will be addressed in the next section. ...read more.

Middle

As I mentioned in the previous section women in Scotland are paid only 72.4 per cent to that of their male counterparts. There are several explanations for this; however, I shall detail two of the most influential. Mincer and Polachek developed the Human Capitol Explanation (Inga Persson and Christina Jonung 1998: 16) which explains the gender pay gap in terms of economic outcomes based on productive differences between the sexes. This explanation considers that employers see female, or future female, employees as having a shorter or discontinuous working life due to family commitments. Looking after the children, pregnancy, meeting husbands needs which could involve moving around from place to place with husbands as his job requires it are all but a few examples of family commitments. Employers also consider that these family commitments mean that women will have less incentive to invest in vocationally advanced training than their male counterparts. Women also tend to be guided into jobs requiring little investment by either themselves, their employers or where wage penalties for career interruptions are smaller. The results of this model are that women themselves choose low paid vocations or are lead by employers, for the reasons above, into these jobs creating occupational segregation. ...read more.

Conclusion

CONCLUSION Throughout society, we have evidence that women have social limitations, especially in terms of the labour market. If we look at the Gender Pay Gap, we see that there are several factors that account for the difference. 1. Women are seen to have shorter, more discontinuous careers than men, by both employers and family oriented women. 2. Many women themselves feel the above to be true, as they are expected to perform household duties (unpaid) as their central role within the family, with men expected to be the main breadwinners. 3. As well as household duties, women are expected also to contribute to the family income, thus working part time or in low paid jobs. 4. Career women are discriminated against by employers on the basis of prejudice (e.g. woman may halt career and concentrate on family). 5. Overcrowding in "female" occupations drives their labour market value down and women are consequently paid less. For these reasons, it is seen that women, by social expectation, are discriminated against in the job market and in career advancement. Their choice of occupation is limited to low paid occupations in many cases because of either expectations or discrimination. I feel that the lack of equality in the employment market means potential is lost to employers and the people being discriminated against. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. The essay will interpret inequalities in health among the sub-populations of socio-economic class position, ...

    (Moon and Gillespie, 1995: 203) The Black Report on 'Inequalities in Health' published in 1980 took a different approach to explaining inequalities in health. The report stressed the emphasis of material conditions of life and factors outside the NHS. (Ham, 1999: 81) Factors such as income, housing and the nature of employment have all fractured working class experiences and need to be considered.

  2. The Glass Ceiling

    In other words, only 14% of executives around that world for a certain company are women (Misleading 1). So even though this may be an improvement on women's behalf from years ago, it is still no where equal. Men and women must work hard together to make things equal.

  1. Assess the strengths and limitations of experiments for the study of labelling.

    Trying to study the effects of labelling would have different outcomes as it is set in a real setting and this would isolate numerous studies. Studying labelling within schools can have some advantages; supervision within the classroom can get a more descriptive portrayal of what labelling pupils has on children and their education.

  2. To what extent would you explain gender differences in terms of gender socialization?

    by their parents, they learn the behaviours of both sexes by means of their observations. They are more likely to imitate the behaviors of his or her own sex. Eventually, they develop different needs, wants, desires, skills and temperaments and eventually give rise to masculine and feminine direction to the emotions and behaviours of men and women.

  1. Young people, class and gender

    on their own to deal with their true emotions, Doctors only being concerned with the success of the transformation.

  2. Sociology - Womens and housework

    From the graph I also found out that women spent more hours doing the housework compare to men, 3 women spent 1-2 hours, 3 spent 2-3, 2 spent 3-4 and the other 2 spent 4 and more. I think the reason why 6 women spent less than 3 hours doing

  1. Sexism is a form of prejudice.

    They have hired drivers but they are all men. This is very sexist what's wrong with women drivers? They have women working on the radio in the office though. Sonia, a 16 year old character who has just had a baby, she has a social worker that is a woman, why can't it be man?

  2. The ancient civilizations of Central and South America

    These gods granted the people life, and in order to thank them and keep them happy, regular sacrifices were made. Quetzalcoatl, the maize god, was also worshipped by the Aztecs. He provided them with food, and whenever there was a flood or drought the Aztecs believed this was caused by the fact that Quetzalcoatl was unhappy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work