• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5

What are the social limitations and posibilities of your gender?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS AND POSIBILITIES OF YOUR GENDER? CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2 ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? 2 A. Inequalities for women in society 1. Employment 2. The Household 3. Education B. Statistics: The truth? WHY ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? 3 CONCLUSION 5 BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 INTRODUCTION In this essay, I shall go into detail about why there are social limitations for women, concentrating mainly on the gender pay gap as I feel that it is a good example in which to answer the set question. It would be impossible, if not insulting, to cover the whole issue of women's social limitations in two thousand words. However, I have given two other examples not relating to the gender pay gap, to illustrate that paid work is but a part of a larger picture. "Today, in western societies, women have the same life chances as their male counterparts." Common sense and experience of life could tell us that the above statement is untrue. In this essay I shall illustrate some of the inequalities between the genders, explain the divides, and explain some of the ways in which this is changing. ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? Here are three examples of inequalities within society. Explanations for these inequalities will be addressed in the next section. ...read more.

Middle

As I mentioned in the previous section women in Scotland are paid only 72.4 per cent to that of their male counterparts. There are several explanations for this; however, I shall detail two of the most influential. Mincer and Polachek developed the Human Capitol Explanation (Inga Persson and Christina Jonung 1998: 16) which explains the gender pay gap in terms of economic outcomes based on productive differences between the sexes. This explanation considers that employers see female, or future female, employees as having a shorter or discontinuous working life due to family commitments. Looking after the children, pregnancy, meeting husbands needs which could involve moving around from place to place with husbands as his job requires it are all but a few examples of family commitments. Employers also consider that these family commitments mean that women will have less incentive to invest in vocationally advanced training than their male counterparts. Women also tend to be guided into jobs requiring little investment by either themselves, their employers or where wage penalties for career interruptions are smaller. The results of this model are that women themselves choose low paid vocations or are lead by employers, for the reasons above, into these jobs creating occupational segregation. ...read more.

Conclusion

CONCLUSION Throughout society, we have evidence that women have social limitations, especially in terms of the labour market. If we look at the Gender Pay Gap, we see that there are several factors that account for the difference. 1. Women are seen to have shorter, more discontinuous careers than men, by both employers and family oriented women. 2. Many women themselves feel the above to be true, as they are expected to perform household duties (unpaid) as their central role within the family, with men expected to be the main breadwinners. 3. As well as household duties, women are expected also to contribute to the family income, thus working part time or in low paid jobs. 4. Career women are discriminated against by employers on the basis of prejudice (e.g. woman may halt career and concentrate on family). 5. Overcrowding in "female" occupations drives their labour market value down and women are consequently paid less. For these reasons, it is seen that women, by social expectation, are discriminated against in the job market and in career advancement. Their choice of occupation is limited to low paid occupations in many cases because of either expectations or discrimination. I feel that the lack of equality in the employment market means potential is lost to employers and the people being discriminated against. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. The essay will interpret inequalities in health among the sub-populations of socio-economic class position, ...

    It also tends to 'blame the victims' by focusing on explaining inequalities of health in terms of peoples bad behaviour, whilst ignoring the many reasons why people are often forced to behave in certain ways. (Moon and Gillespie, 1995: 203)

  2. Assess the strengths and limitations of experiments for the study of labelling.

    A study in a classroom would allow sociologist to estimate which labels are associated with pupils. 6. Explain what is meant as content analysis The term content analysis refers to a method of analysing the content of documents.

  1. The Glass Ceiling

    In other words, only 14% of executives around that world for a certain company are women (Misleading 1). So even though this may be an improvement on women's behalf from years ago, it is still no where equal. Men and women must work hard together to make things equal.

  2. To what extent would you explain gender differences in terms of gender socialization?

    Gender roles are defined "entirely social created expectation of masculine and feminine behaviour initiated and perpetuated by the institutions and values of a society" (Abbott, 1992), that is, by Socialization. Gender roles usually contain certain general characteristics. These characteristics include: i)

  1. Sociology - Womens and housework

    dishes, cloths and dusting, this finding was expectable because the wives (woman) do more of the house related work compare to men. I also investigated that men do more physical work such as gardening, washing cars because these are seen as manly jobs.

  2. Young people, class and gender

    Had Money continued his research he would have been aware that at the age of 14, 'Brenda' became 'David' and began life as a man. He was married for a while but both he and his brother had been psychologically damaged by their childhood.

  1. Sexism is a form of prejudice.

    He has them posing with the prizes and is always making comments on how they look. Wheel of Fortune is sexist. It has male host (John Leslie) and a women (Jenny Powell) posing in very skimpy clothes applying the letters on the board that the contestants have asked for.

  2. The ancient civilizations of Central and South America

    ³ The Aztecs believed that human sacrifices were a very important part of their religion, and were an excellent way to keep their demanding gods happy. They believed that these sacrifices maintained the cycle of life that was the Aztec empire, and prevented their world's destruction.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work