• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the social limitations and posibilities of your gender?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS AND POSIBILITIES OF YOUR GENDER? CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2 ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? 2 A. Inequalities for women in society 1. Employment 2. The Household 3. Education B. Statistics: The truth? WHY ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? 3 CONCLUSION 5 BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 INTRODUCTION In this essay, I shall go into detail about why there are social limitations for women, concentrating mainly on the gender pay gap as I feel that it is a good example in which to answer the set question. It would be impossible, if not insulting, to cover the whole issue of women's social limitations in two thousand words. However, I have given two other examples not relating to the gender pay gap, to illustrate that paid work is but a part of a larger picture. "Today, in western societies, women have the same life chances as their male counterparts." Common sense and experience of life could tell us that the above statement is untrue. In this essay I shall illustrate some of the inequalities between the genders, explain the divides, and explain some of the ways in which this is changing. ARE THERE SOCIAL LIMITATIONS? Here are three examples of inequalities within society. Explanations for these inequalities will be addressed in the next section. ...read more.

Middle

As I mentioned in the previous section women in Scotland are paid only 72.4 per cent to that of their male counterparts. There are several explanations for this; however, I shall detail two of the most influential. Mincer and Polachek developed the Human Capitol Explanation (Inga Persson and Christina Jonung 1998: 16) which explains the gender pay gap in terms of economic outcomes based on productive differences between the sexes. This explanation considers that employers see female, or future female, employees as having a shorter or discontinuous working life due to family commitments. Looking after the children, pregnancy, meeting husbands needs which could involve moving around from place to place with husbands as his job requires it are all but a few examples of family commitments. Employers also consider that these family commitments mean that women will have less incentive to invest in vocationally advanced training than their male counterparts. Women also tend to be guided into jobs requiring little investment by either themselves, their employers or where wage penalties for career interruptions are smaller. The results of this model are that women themselves choose low paid vocations or are lead by employers, for the reasons above, into these jobs creating occupational segregation. ...read more.

Conclusion

CONCLUSION Throughout society, we have evidence that women have social limitations, especially in terms of the labour market. If we look at the Gender Pay Gap, we see that there are several factors that account for the difference. 1. Women are seen to have shorter, more discontinuous careers than men, by both employers and family oriented women. 2. Many women themselves feel the above to be true, as they are expected to perform household duties (unpaid) as their central role within the family, with men expected to be the main breadwinners. 3. As well as household duties, women are expected also to contribute to the family income, thus working part time or in low paid jobs. 4. Career women are discriminated against by employers on the basis of prejudice (e.g. woman may halt career and concentrate on family). 5. Overcrowding in "female" occupations drives their labour market value down and women are consequently paid less. For these reasons, it is seen that women, by social expectation, are discriminated against in the job market and in career advancement. Their choice of occupation is limited to low paid occupations in many cases because of either expectations or discrimination. I feel that the lack of equality in the employment market means potential is lost to employers and the people being discriminated against. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Assess the strengths and limitations of experiments for the study of labelling.

    However there are disadvantages when it comes to using official statistics, such as the government collects statistics for its own purposes and not for the benefit of the sociologists. Yet the research method appeals to sociologist, despite the problems they may represent.

  2. The Glass Ceiling

    In other words, only 14% of executives around that world for a certain company are women (Misleading 1). So even though this may be an improvement on women's behalf from years ago, it is still no where equal. Men and women must work hard together to make things equal.

  1. The essay will interpret inequalities in health among the sub-populations of socio-economic class position, ...

    The graph below shows that mortality from injury and poisoning (accidents) in children aged 0-15 years by social class in England in Wales is 16.6 per 100,000 among those whose father is a professional and 73 per 100,000 among those children whose father is unskilled and of a lower socio-economic position in the labour market.

  2. The ancient civilizations of Central and South America

    The chiefs were believed that they had exceptional skills in politics, and also had the ability to communicate with the Mayan gods. This is why they believed they had the right to rule their particular tribe. There were, of course, classes in their society.

  1. Sociology - Womens and housework

    Most of the women said that the division was fair however 3 respondents said that it was not fair as they had to do both outside and inside the house. Evaluation I am now going to evaluate the method that I chose for this particular investigation and how it might have affected the data I collected.

  2. Diversity - Gender and education Factors such as ethnicity, economic status and gender can ...

    However, not all discrimination is intentional. The ethos of a setting can influence equality through the hidden curriculum. Policies setting out strategies and practice that reflects the aim of the setting as a whole to promote inclusion will assist in creating and equal ethos (Jones, 2004).

  1. Sexism is a form of prejudice.

    If I had to choose I would say that sexism has decreased a bit but not as much as it should have done. After analysing all my research and results I have come to the conclusion that sexism in media has decreased in several areas.

  2. Young people, class and gender

    briefings, Work and Parenting) the percentage of women in work has increased so that women have now caught up with men in the labour market. The main reason for this is that more and more married women are going outside the home to work, although lone mother's statistics have dropped.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work