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What makes debate surrounding masculinity so contentious?

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Introduction

What makes debate surrounding masculinity so contentious? According to the Oxford English Dictionary the word contentious refers to "quarrelsome, Likely to cause argument. This question simply affirms that masculinity does evoke disputes. This essay seeks to establish what the cause of the contention is. The reason as to why the debate surrounding the masculinity is so contentious will be explored in four dimensions. Namely its: 1. Ideological framework, 2. Gender socialization and its social construct, 3. Men's Rights and Women Rights Movement and finally 4. The ability of men to choose their needs, desires and lifestyle. In other words stated, "What men really want". It is not only the difference in the ideology of that which is masculine which creates contention, but it goes beyond the traditional ideological framework and explores the sociological and psychological framework. This is particular necessary in the changing or modern world. As it relates to Gender socialization and its social construct, some of the reasons for the contention lie within the "making of masculinities" within societal agents. Further contention is aroused due to the social positioning of men in relation to societal changes and also the promotion of dominant forms of males advocating groups. (This particular refers to Men's and Women's Rights movement). ...read more.

Middle

It will therefore comprise of numerous difference, even contradictory theories of what it means to be male likewise masculinity. For the social constructivist gender is achieved through and by people and their context; the supposed distinction between sex and gender disappears. Gender is not something we are, but something we do in social interactions. Postmodern theory it can be stated reinforces a social constructivist stance, which breaks loose of any given definitions of those uncertain "things" called sex and gender. This is a result of us living in fragmented and differing realities. As expressed in the "British Medical Journal" A man may cry in one encounter and stoically withdraw in another, or do both. The stereotypical expectations of gender within our social institutions are so permeated with images of what it is to be manly or effeminate that conflict will be inevitable. The alternative theories of masculinity, as opposed to "traditional" ones, help us to recognize that if the society remains alienated in perpetuating male gender myths based on sexual difference and expectation, then there will be continued contention as it relates to the issue of masculinity. The issue of men's and women's right's movement as was been discussed before is also a reason for contention within masculinity. ...read more.

Conclusion

If this approach is taken, then one can begin the process of removing contention within masculinity. An additional approach that can be taken is that theoretical frameworks must be developed so as to incorporate a multiplicity of interacting factors. This would include; oppression not been viewed as belonging to one social group, And as stated by Messner; "neither should there be an assumption that there is a consistent similarity of interests between all people challenging social inequality". Conversely, Messner has articulated the need for men of colour to refrain from class and racial reductionism. This would only allow for the deconstruction of masculinities, which would further the contention. In concluding it can be evidently stated that issues concerning masculinity as always been contentious and will remain contentious if there are differential views. In addition it is the failures of those who propose views and ideologies of masculinity that create contention when they fail to accept opposing or any other theory apart from their own. I have theorized from my readings and research that; in observing men, masculinity can no longer be perceived as a single variable but as a highly complex state. NAME: TAMIEKA SCOTT I.D. #: 02076228 COURSE: GENDER & DEVELOPMENT IN CARIBBEAN SOCIETY COURSECODE: SY25C TUTOR: MISS. ...read more.

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