• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10

What makes debate surrounding masculinity so contentious?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What makes debate surrounding masculinity so contentious? According to the Oxford English Dictionary the word contentious refers to "quarrelsome, Likely to cause argument. This question simply affirms that masculinity does evoke disputes. This essay seeks to establish what the cause of the contention is. The reason as to why the debate surrounding the masculinity is so contentious will be explored in four dimensions. Namely its: 1. Ideological framework, 2. Gender socialization and its social construct, 3. Men's Rights and Women Rights Movement and finally 4. The ability of men to choose their needs, desires and lifestyle. In other words stated, "What men really want". It is not only the difference in the ideology of that which is masculine which creates contention, but it goes beyond the traditional ideological framework and explores the sociological and psychological framework. This is particular necessary in the changing or modern world. As it relates to Gender socialization and its social construct, some of the reasons for the contention lie within the "making of masculinities" within societal agents. Further contention is aroused due to the social positioning of men in relation to societal changes and also the promotion of dominant forms of males advocating groups. (This particular refers to Men's and Women's Rights movement). ...read more.

Middle

It will therefore comprise of numerous difference, even contradictory theories of what it means to be male likewise masculinity. For the social constructivist gender is achieved through and by people and their context; the supposed distinction between sex and gender disappears. Gender is not something we are, but something we do in social interactions. Postmodern theory it can be stated reinforces a social constructivist stance, which breaks loose of any given definitions of those uncertain "things" called sex and gender. This is a result of us living in fragmented and differing realities. As expressed in the "British Medical Journal" A man may cry in one encounter and stoically withdraw in another, or do both. The stereotypical expectations of gender within our social institutions are so permeated with images of what it is to be manly or effeminate that conflict will be inevitable. The alternative theories of masculinity, as opposed to "traditional" ones, help us to recognize that if the society remains alienated in perpetuating male gender myths based on sexual difference and expectation, then there will be continued contention as it relates to the issue of masculinity. The issue of men's and women's right's movement as was been discussed before is also a reason for contention within masculinity. ...read more.

Conclusion

If this approach is taken, then one can begin the process of removing contention within masculinity. An additional approach that can be taken is that theoretical frameworks must be developed so as to incorporate a multiplicity of interacting factors. This would include; oppression not been viewed as belonging to one social group, And as stated by Messner; "neither should there be an assumption that there is a consistent similarity of interests between all people challenging social inequality". Conversely, Messner has articulated the need for men of colour to refrain from class and racial reductionism. This would only allow for the deconstruction of masculinities, which would further the contention. In concluding it can be evidently stated that issues concerning masculinity as always been contentious and will remain contentious if there are differential views. In addition it is the failures of those who propose views and ideologies of masculinity that create contention when they fail to accept opposing or any other theory apart from their own. I have theorized from my readings and research that; in observing men, masculinity can no longer be perceived as a single variable but as a highly complex state. NAME: TAMIEKA SCOTT I.D. #: 02076228 COURSE: GENDER & DEVELOPMENT IN CARIBBEAN SOCIETY COURSECODE: SY25C TUTOR: MISS. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. "The 'social constructionism versus essentialism' debate cannot be avoided when we study gender and ...

    P.195). These terms are so important as it is so important for gender identity to be defined in society. This was indicated earlier by the fact that the first form of identification one receives is their gender, the second also illustrates this, as it is the name of the child.

  2. The Corporate Social Responsibility Debate

    Similarly, the energy industry is meeting the rapidly mounting demand for cleaner fuel by producing for example natural gas [Bowie, 1987]. The fast food sector is another example of an un-tapped market being exposed due to social pressures. The increasing social concern of obesity is causing fast food restaurants to

  1. The cannabis debate

    (Runciman, 1999) The British Medical Association has stated, 'The acute toxicity of cannabinoids is extremely low - no deaths have been directly attributed to their recreational or therapeutic use.' (Brownlee 2003) HISTORY The first recorded use of Cannabis as a medicine was in China in 2700 BC.

  2. Assess the nature-nurture debate in relation to genders

    roles of men and women can be explained in terms of hormones and brain differences. The production and release of hormones are controlled by hypothalamus in the brain. Women produce greater amounts of progesterone and oestrogen, while men produce more testosterone and other androgens.

  1. Shifting Gender Norms: The Ideal Woman in Story of an African Farm.

    Lyndall, our female and new woman, is expressing her angst at possessing the potential as great as any man but being denied her natural place by arbitrary society. She complains: What would knowledge help me? I once heard an old man say that he never saw an intellect help a

  2. Evaluation of the difference between Positivist and Interpretivist methodologies

    interpretation of the interviews they have held and the diaries, letters and dossiers they have studied are individual to the researcher, not the subject. And so it is that their methods are not wholly objective. As stated by Dr. K.

  1. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    The conception of the idea of redemption is very old, if one understands by it a liberation from sickness, hunger, etc., ultimately from suffering and death. However, redemption attained a specific significance only where it expressed a systematic and rationalized image of the world and represented a stand in the face of the world.

  2. Pitted against Patriarchy

    those secure identities and beliefs upon which her community is based through discursive strategies. This results in Judith Hearne alienating herself further and also making herself more dependent upon that community. By the end of the novel Judith Hearne is passive in her hospital bed, both silenced and protected by those very forces which destroyed her.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work