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When Well's wrote "The Time Machine" the Victorian period had ended. Socially and scientifically a new phase had begun. How are the hopes and fears of this new era reflected in the novel?

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Introduction

When Well's wrote "The Time Machine" the Victorian period had ended. Socially and scientifically a new phase had begun. How are the hopes and fears of this new era reflected in the novel? During and after the Victorian period there was a barrier between the classes. The people were put into classes according to their status i.e. upper class, middle class and working class. "The Time Machine" depicts the Morlocks, as the working class and the Eloi are the upper class. "The Time Machine" is a book, which deals with the evolution of science, technology and society. In "The Time Machine" and in post Victorian society, technology made everything easier for everybody but the Eloi received the benefits whilst in "The Time Machine" and in post Victorian society the upper class received the benefits whereas the Morlocks and the working class toiled all day so that the Eloi and the upper class could receive the benefits. The story of "The Time Machine" is set in 802,701 AD and is a political commentary of post Victorian England. ...read more.

Middle

Many people thought that progress was inevitable and good. Here, Wells suggests that progress can go in many different directions, and that if too much progress is made, if humans get too comfortable, they might get soft. The Time Traveller makes a journey into the underworld. This is a common element in fiction, especially in myths. In many ways, the story of the time machine is like a myth, in that it is a story of a completely different world full of symbolic meaning. The Time Traveller's second theory originates whilst spending time in the world of the Eloi. He realises that not only has capitalism led to a big division of labour in which the workers must live underground, but also that the workers are now exacting revenge on their former masters. "...It seemed clear as daylight to me that the gradual widening...social difference between Capitalist and Labourer...key to the whole position." The Morlocks eat, hunt, and terrorize the Eloi, just as the ancestors of the Eloi metaphorically preyed on their subjugated workers "...they were less human and more remote than our cannibal ancestors." This theory seems to represent some of Wells's own anxieties. ...read more.

Conclusion

life easier for the upper class and to an extent the working class it might have been viewed in a negative aspect. This is because the workers still had to put, time, effort and labour into working the technology, as did the Morlocks. As mentioned before the Victorian upper class feared that there would be an uprising from lower classes. Wells said that the working class would rise and be the dominant class. The upper class also feared that their status quo would be destroyed. On the other hand the working class probably feared that technology would replace them and Wells responds to that in "The Time Machine" by saying that technology would serve the upper class and wipe the working class out. Overall I feel that in the Victorian period the main fear and hope was that things were on the verge of changing. Some people feared that things were going to change so they were not able to keep things as they were and probably did not want to experience new things. Whilst other people hoped that things were going to change so that they could experience new things. Nasimah Sabina Chowdhury. 12C. ...read more.

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