• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Chinese Architecture. This Essay shortly describes the ancient Chinese architecture with the main point on the Hall of Supreme Harmony.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Essay Chinese Architecture This Essay shortly describes the ancient Chinese architecture with the main point on the Hall of Supreme Harmony. INTRODUCTION The Chinese architecture is less studied than the architecture of almost any other great civilization on the world. Also in the Western countries a common comment about the Chinese architecture is that it looks all the same, with the standard picture of the Forbidden City on mind. This Essay will be about some points of the ancient Chinese architecture, which here can't be described in every detail, because the classical Chinese architecture has a long and creative history. Different types of architecture will be described shortly and the main point lies on the Hall of Supreme Harmony in the Forbidden City in Beijing and some of its architectural features. MAINPART General The earliest buildings in China are dated 7000 years and since then the architecture went through some developments. The architecture was shaped by different factors. Of the 56 ethnic groups which exist in China, the Han are the most numerous. 94% of the people in China are considered as Han Chinese. All these groups live in different areas in this huge land and therefore they have different local building materials. Also the religions, like Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, had an influence on the temple and altar architecture. ...read more.

Middle

It can be divided into two parts: the southern part is the "Outer Court" and consists of five halls (one of them is the Hall Of Supreme Harmony) for ceremonial purposes and other official business. The northern part, the "Inner Court", was where the emperor worked and lived with his family, eunuchs and maid-servants. Golden yellow has been an imperial colour for a long time and it is a dominant colour in the Forbidden City. Roofs have yellow glazed tiles and many decorations are painted yellow. This colour presents, in the ancient theory of the Five Elements, the earth, which was considered the centre of the universe. The Forbidden City nowadays is the world's biggest palace complex. The Hall of Supreme Harmony The Hall of Supreme Harmony was the most important building in the Forbidden City. The dimension, form, D�cor and furnishing of this hall are of highest standard. This hall was the symbol of the imperial power and it was the highest structure during the Ming and Qing dynasty. No other building was permitted to be higher. Until today it is the largest structure and the heart of the Forbidden City. The hall itself is 26.92 m high, 11 bays wide and five bays deep - a bay is the roof span between two supporting pillars -, occupying a floor area of 2,377 square metres. ...read more.

Conclusion

The first one is a man riding a chicken. He is followed by nine mythical figures and an additional one, which are in following order: Dragon (to protect against fire), Phoenix (controls the wind), Lion (protects the country and the imperial rule), Heavenly Horse (can run like the wind and travel thousands of miles a day), Seahorse (protect building from fire), Suan Ni (mythical beast, combination of lion, wild beat and wild horse), Guardian Fish (wind- and storm summoning fish), Xiezhi (can tell right from wrong) and Bull (dispels evil). The figure behind those mythical ones is an immortal carrying a sword. He symbolizes peace and harmony.3 The very last figure in this row is a dragon, larger than the other figures, representing the state. Nowadays the Hall is stripped off all the furniture, apart from the throne and it appears as a large empty hall. Conclusion The ancient Chinese architecture has lots of features, which had or still have different meanings in the life of the Chinese people. With a limited number of words it is not possible to give a full description of the architecture of the Forbidden City and the Hall of Supreme Harmony, not to mention all the ancient Chinese architecture. In comparison to sources about the architecture in other countries, the ones about the Chinese are numerous much less, but there will be people writing about these beautiful and interesting architectural features. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Anthropology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Anthropology essays

  1. While each Greek meal is fresh and inviting, it is also a trip back ...

    My family will relax and have a glass of wine with almost every meal. They don't drink to "get drunk" by any means it is just part of our culture. Some of my family drinks red wine because they believe it is better for their health.

  2. Discuss Free Speech in China Compared to the UK

    From this, it can be questioned how many web users are tactically seeking to express their freedom of speech in a political sense. Arguably, many web users may be wholly unaware of the censorship that is in place because in their down time on the internet it is more likely

  1. TEST ESSAY 2

    "The need for additional capacity is urgent. We need to focus on solutions which are deliverable, affordable, and set the right balance for the future," Sir Howard added. The decision not to shortlist the Isle of Grain as an option leaves the commission with three choices: adding a third runway

  2. Pramoedya Ananta Toers 1981 "This Earth of Mankind" regards the unjust colonial rule of ...

    It is a matter of Dutch race ?swallowing the Natives?, rather than the division of assets (Toer 333).

  1. Indian Society Essays - Corruption, Linguistic Rights and a review of "The Palace of ...

    begging and looking as if the world has done him a great wrong. It is a thoroughly amusing antic to witness but extremely annoying to be the intended mark. And then there is another friend of mine who is in the habit of ending each sentence with a breathless ?you know?.

  2. A history of Socialism

    The organization was based on Marxist revisionism, as its members did not believe in the need or the imminence of violent revolution. Developing from socialist parties and movements throughout the world, the Second International began in 1889 with the hope of coordinating a worldwide struggle against capitalism.

  1. More adoption, less abortion.

    This in turn improves the child?s future. Not only will he or she be provided with a more stable life, he or she will learn how to trust his or her adoptive parents. This shows that adoption is a better option than abortion. These two choices share similarities such as ?[the mother] can pursue earlier goals, [she]

  2. Investigating the Folklore of the Oregon Country Fair

    When they do try and pick it up the fisher pulls it away as if the glow stick is trying to escape, when the victim realizes what is happening everyone gets a good laugh out of it. Also at night is the drum circle around the fire pit in which everyone dances in and out of throughout the night.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work