• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Pramoedya Ananta Toers 1981 "This Earth of Mankind" regards the unjust colonial rule of the Dutch East Indies through the segregation of social groups between the Dutch aristocrats, Mixed Bloods, and Natives.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Suriawinata How and why is a social group represented in a particular way? IB HL2 Language & Literature Mr. Bilenky P5 Jesseril Suriawinata Jakarta International School November 13, 2013 ________________ Outline Chosen Text: This Earth of Mankind by Pramoedya Ananta Toer Part of Course: Part 3 Texts and Context Written Task 2 Question: Power and Privilege ? How and why is a social group represented in a particular way? My critical response will include: The Natives? inferior role?exemplified by Nyai Ontonorosoh?during Dutch colonization to underlie the unjust treatment, which suggests the author?s ideal to adopt Western influences whilst maintain the integrity of Indonesian tradition. * Natives? lack of Western education * Natives? tolerance to human trafficking * Natives? victimization in the justice system ________________ Written during the climax of Indonesian ignominy, Pramoedya Ananta Toer?s 1981 This Earth of Mankind regards the unjust colonial rule of the Dutch East Indies through the segregation of social groups between the Dutch aristocrats, Mixed Bloods, and Natives. Toer?s commentary on the Natives? role during Dutch colonization is portrayed as a metaphor through Nyai Ontorosoh?s experiences: her acceptance of European education, tolerance of promiscuous practices, and victimization in the corrupt law and justice system. ...read more.

Middle

An exception of the Native?s complacency is Nyai Ontorosoh who represents the strong-willed and educated morale Native during Indonesia?s colonial state. Toer uses Nyai Ontorosoh to depict the possibilities one could achieve with a Western education to fight for Indonesia?s autonomy. Natives, however, are tolerant to practices of prostitution illustrated by Nyai?s earlier surrender and automatic compliance when given orders. It is a metaphor to demonstrate that the Natives, with little to offer, would sacrifice their best merits to compensate for political progress. Nyai?s past as a Dutch administrator?s concubine supports Toer?s portrayal of the Native?s desperate search for respect. Nyai describes her ?purchase? as a ?simple ritual whereby a child was sold by her own father?, a testament to the extremes a Native will succumb to in order to obtain some sort of recognition, regardless of committing acts of ?shameful behavior? (Toer 84, 80). She had been coerced as a product of her father?s trade, treated as a ?bought slave? and ? a piece of livestock? (Toer 88, 87). ...read more.

Conclusion

The belief that ?natives are the equivalent of children born of a concubine? and should therefore make amends in the relative severity of their punishments, highlight the discriminatory justice system (Toer 290). Where a non-Native would receive ?exile from the Indies?, a Native would ?lose his freedom altogether? and denounce the option of a trial to begin with (295). Toer?s overt demonstration of the justice system negligence and discriminatory conditions over the Natives acts show the readers that the Natives were denounced of their civil right but they themselves should address the bias against them in order to redeem their innate freedom. This Earth of Mankind demonstrates the Natives? inferiority during Indonesia?s colonial state under Dutch rule. Pramoedya Ananta Toer emphasizes the Native?s low rank through the women?s resigned tolerance of prostitution, the disposal of their dignity, and the Dutch partisan government, all of which could?ve been averted if the Natives had valor and courage to claim their rights. Toer uses This Earth of Mankind to vocalize the necessity for Natives to indulge in modern education during a time of inequity of law and order, and exploitation of prostitution, and instead use it to dominate over foreign powers. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Anthropology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Anthropology essays

  1. How is the theme of death portrayed in Antigone and The Outsider?

    He reasons from his experience, he stops longing for Marie after not seeing her for a while, and expects Marie will feel the same once he was dead. Meursault's logic is opposite to Antigone's, as he does not believe in the afterlife and decides that longing for a life he could not experience is a waste of time.

  2. Drum Role

    For beginners a large stable, non twisting throne is recommended. Also to develop a sense of rhythm, there are things called drum machines, which are different from electric drum sets. A drum machine is used to keep tempo and rhythm in measures with any kind of count you want (4/4, 2/4 etc).

  1. Mitigating People Wildlife Conflict. Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) is also fast becoming a critical ...

    The farmers claim to lose an average of 1.5-1.9% of the calves born each year to golden jackal predation. The economic value of the total cattle losses in 1993 was estimated to be about US$ 42,000. This high predation rate is actually indirectly caused by the farmers themselves, through the

  2. Evaluation of Cultural, Social and Technological Diffusion in the Modern World

    Of course, there are people who think that such modernizations are 'contaminating' ancient traditions of tribal rule and culture. These people, who could be called purists, are almost always foreigners, often from developed Western countries, with little knowledge of what it's like to live in the shadow of world powers.

  1. While each Greek meal is fresh and inviting, it is also a trip back ...

    Greek etiquette ranges from gift giving to dining table manners. At a Greek home, table manners are continental. The fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating. Greeks have dinner family style. Therefore, during dinner, the eldest at the table is served first.

  2. How do Biblical teachings affect Christians behavior and attitudes?

    Expanding on this, it means that love in marriage should be forever and not give up when times are difficult, but rather in these circumstances, pray to God for strength and guidance. ?What therefore God hath joined together, let not man asunder.? (Mark 10:9 KJV)

  1. Discuss Free Speech in China Compared to the UK

    and continue to undermine the ?Great Firewall?. However, as previously mentioned, ?there still lacks knowledge of how many Chinese Web surfers adopt such approaches? (Human Rights Watch, 2006). Furthermore, the question itself presupposes that there are degrees of freedom of speech.

  2. Indian Society Essays - Corruption, Linguistic Rights and a review of "The Palace of ...

    Then take my young cousin. Now he is a true character. Whenever he wants something and he is given a categorical no for an answer or even a ?maybe, we?ll think about it?, he goes crazy. He will not take no for an answer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work