• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Working With and Leading People. Theories of leadership.

Extracts from this document...


NAME: REANA SINGH COURSE: BTEC HUND HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SUBJECT: WORKING WITH AND LEADING PEOPLE DUE DATE: 17TH MARCH, 2011 TASK 1 (1) 'A team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals and approach, for which they hold themselves mutually accountable'. (Katzenbach & Smith) Certain functions in an organisation performed more effectively by a team as opposed to individuals working on their own is due to the fact that it is a group of people who are working together to achieve the same organisational objectives. Teams normally have members with complementary skills and this helps in either maximising the strengths of members or minimising the weakness of members. Within a team every person will have different types of knowledge, skills and experience and this will be an asset for the team to fulfil their functions as they are working together. Teams in an organisation help the individual and also the organisation. There are benefits such as staff may feel more motivated and committed to their work which will result in staff working harder and performing better, morale is high and it may improve leadership skills, they will feel part of the decision making process, with a team it clearly defines the goals and objectives, it improves the procedures and processes, it will improve the ability to problem solve and will also develop better relationships with management and team members. The organisation may have a higher quality of work, fewer accidents, fewer staff turnover and fewer problems and another is it may have an improved reputation and image on the organisations behalf. ...read more.


For team rewards to be effective it should have certain characteristics such as distinct roles, targets and performance measures, maturity and stability, cooperation, interdependence of team members and also significant independence and thus influence over performance. These mentioned above will be able to ensure that the effectiveness of the team is sustained for a long period of time because these approaches will be continuous so as long as the team exists. These strategies will be able to motivate the team members in achieving the organisations goals and objectives. By rewarding, supervising, monitoring, evaluating and supporting the team, their effectiveness will be sustained for a long period of time once it is continuous. TASK 3 (1) There are different types of theories of leadership such as trait, activity based, contingency and style. From this case the type of leadership theory used is the Contingency approach to leadership. This approach argues that the ability of a manager to lead and to influence his work group will vary according to the leader, the subordinates and the task. These factors can be ranged from tight to flexible and Handy said that the most effective style of leadership in an particular situation is one that brings these three factors into a 'best fit'. The Chief Executive wishes to implement new technology into the organisation. From the case the General Manager and the staff are disinterested and reluctant to adapt to the change and the Chief Executive has ideas on how to deal with the problems. A best fit should be when all factors are on the same level of the spectrum and if not this is where the leader should decide which factors should be changed in order to bring three factors in line. ...read more.


It will be beneficial to both the organisation and its staff. Another motivation factor is the leaders' personality or referent power which is a person who is generally liked and admired by others. The chief by having so many accomplishments in the organisation he may be respected and admired by some of the staff members. If this is so the staff may comply because of the chief's attitude and behaviours and so the employees can make a conscious decision to grant the leaders wishes. Moral power has communicated a shared set of values and obligations which lays out the right thing to do for the good of the employees, the stakeholders, the organisation and may be the community as a whole. These values of the organisation may be set as mission statement or vision. The mission statement or vision can drive the staff members to work towards the goals and objectives of the organiation.This can be arrived through discussion with followers and described thorough procedures, regulations and rules. The chief can motivate and empower the staff by showing interest in the ideas of the staff members. Once interest is shown the staff will feel empowered and self motivated because they feel a sense belonging to the organisation. The chief should be able to promote the new system that is needed for the organisation showing the staff that they will gain knowledge, experience and new skills which would be for their own personal development. The chief can also motivate staff by opening promotions and offering them positions where they can lead in their own expertise. This will motivate the staff to actually buying into the change. All these mentioned will help the Chief in motivating the staff and will show them how beneficial this change would be to the company and the members of staff. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Business Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Business Studies essays

  1. Summary of "Leadership & Organizational Behavior" Chapter 10 Power and Influence in the Workplace ...

    inexperienced and unskilled. * Locus of Control. People with an internal locus of control believe that they have control over their work environment. Consequently, these employees prefer participative and achievement-oriented leadership styles and may become frustrated with a directive style * Task structure. Leaders should adopt the directive style when the task is nonroutine, because this style

  2. HRM - how Marks and Spencer motivate their staff.

    A variety of legal structures exist for private sector business organisations depending on the business. Within the private sector most employees are profit driven. Example of this sector is Marks and Spencer. The Role of Motivation Motivated employees are needed in our rapidly changing workplaces. Motivated employees help organizations survive.

  1. Advance Professional Development

    Actions: what actions should you take to achieve your objectives? Opportunities: what opportunities you have? Time Scale: Define a time scale for each goal towards the accomplishment of your objective. Success Criteria: Define criteria to evaluate your success. Evidence: Did you accomplish your goal (towards your objective)

  2. Leadership styles and analysis of my leadership skills.

    The ideal of working together to achieve a common goal or objective (Picture from www.nwlink.com/donclark/leader) Delegative or Free Reign type of leadership describe leaders allowing follower to make decision and are still responsible of decision that was taking. The leader set priorities as per what needs to be accompanied, time of execution and the final deadline for production.

  1. Exploring team development

    Marketing team can do this in different ways to make sure Tesco get to know what customers want from their stores and from product and services that Tesco provide. Tesco also have to make sure their marketing team know what their competitors are doing any special offers or price reduction.

  2. MG 309 Strategic Management

    and robust processes in key areas for co-innovation- R & D and new product development. It is also revealed that small businesses can enjoy a degree of success as a result of comparative advantage in certain areas but sustainable competitive advantage cannot occur by chance- identifying the potential for co-innovations an important first step in the right direction.

  1. Thai Tuan Textile Company, Vietnam - Marketing Strategies

    Affairs Agencies and the Vietnamese National Committee for International Economic Cooperation in conjunction with Trade and E-Trade Newspapers Recognized titles: * Vietnam Gold Star Award by the Vietnamese Young Entrepreneur Committee * "Vietnam's Highest Quality Product" title for nine consecutive years (1999 - 2007), one of the leading enterprises in the textile-garment industry.

  2. The Career of Sheryl Sandberg - Chief Operating Officer of Facebook, A voice for ...

    She also helped co-found the Women in Economics and Business group while at Harvard. Sheryl began to get more involved into fighting feminism after her Phi Beta Kappa induction where men and women had separate ceremonies. According to Fenderson?s biography on Sandberg, Sheryl listened to a speech at the women?s

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work