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Why did the British lose the American Revolution?

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Introduction

Sabina Yeasmin October 21, 2008 History of The Americas "Why did the British lose the American Revolution?" It began with "the shot heard around the world," at the battles of Lexington and Concord on the fated April 19, 2008. The war raged on until the Treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783 which was immediately followed by the mass British troops leaving America (Brinkley, 1995). Britain had once been the world's greatest empire since Rome (Ketchum, 7). It had the best army, navy, and geography to fend itself from other empires. Britain was mistaken when they already decided the winner, had failed to see the truth of the geography, and had several failed strategies, and because of theses many mistakes British lost the war of the American Revolution. The first mistake they made was that the British had already decided that they would win. King George III actually thought that it was just a rebellion, and was "determined to teach colonials a lesson (Ketchum, 1971)." ...read more.

Middle

The Americans could also use the geography to use their guerrilla tactics. One more advantage for the Americans and one more disadvantage for the British (Ketchum, 1971). One more mistake that the British made were their failed strategies. One major failed strategy was when the British assigned Howe as a leader. Howe, from the beginning was a bad choice, thinking that he could "awe them [Americans] into submission (Brinkley,1995)." He had a very bad judgment on things which shows in his leadership in America. Firstly he abandoned the most important plan, that he himself put into action. He and Burgoyne were supposed to meet at Albany, Howe's force coming from the south, and Burgoyne's troops coming from the north (Canada). Howe abandoned this plan, that could've worked, and left Burgoyne alone to carry attack alone. Burgoyne faced many defeats, shortage material, and finally surrendered to Gates at the Battle of Saratoga. This victory was an important one for the Americans, which led to the alliance with France. ...read more.

Conclusion

and robbery they had to endure and who charged constantly that the British generals were too lax in their treatment of rebels. Not only that, many American soldiers could hide in towns, disguised as townspeople and so it was hard for British to distinguish them.(Ketchum, 1971) These were the reasons that helped bring the downfall of Britain in the American Revolution. Finally this was ended with the defeat of Cornwallis's army on October 17, 1781 in Yorktown, Pennsylvania (Ketchum, 1971). There were three major reasons for the defeat of the British during the American Revolution: Britain was mistaken when they already decided the winner, had failed to see the truth of the geography, and had several failed strategies. These three things brought upon the inevitable failure of the British. America got it's independence and England received its just rewards after a long time of suffering the Americans. Reference: Brinkley, A. (1995). American History: A Survey (9th ed.). United States of America: McGraw Hill, Inc. Ketchum, R. M. (1971, June). England's Vietnam: The American Revolution. American Heritage, 22 (4), 7-11 and 81-83. Yeasmin 1 ...read more.

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