• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

America and the First Gulf War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

America and the First Gulf War In 1980, the war between Iraq and Iran began, and it was initially thought that Iraq's armed forces would defeat Iran quickly. Many factors led to this belief, such as the fact that Iran's military had been weakened significantly during the Iranian revolution, as well as the fact that America had erased computer data in Iran that located "spare parts" throughout the country (Dunn). Despite these factors, this seemingly simple attack would span eight years, until 1988, and would lead to the involvement of America and other western nations on the side of Iraq. These events caused Iraq much financial stress, and eventually led to their invasion of Kuwait and what would be the Persian Gulf War, otherwise known as Operation Desert Storm. Financially depleted from the eight years of war with Iran, Saddam Hussein led his forces into Kuwait in 1990 with intentions of taking control of their oil. In a short time, Saddam's forces, the Iraqi Republican Guard had made their way into Kuwait and were lined up on Kuwait's southern border, adjacent to Saudi Arabia. ...read more.

Middle

It demanded that Iraq withdraw forces immediately and Iraq and Kuwait begin peace negotiations. When ignored, a new resolution was created on November 29, 1990. Resolution 678 was adopted, giving Iraq a deadline of January 15, 1991 to comply with resolution 660. This new resolution authorized all member states to "use all necessary means to uphold and implement resolution 660." Although the deadline was set, and the U.N. had authorized full scale invasion and attack of Iraqi forces, the U.S. still needed Congress to approve war. Many American Citizens were concerned that Iraq forces, hardened by 8 years of war with Iraq, totaled over 500,000 troops and the war may not turn out to be as simple as perceived (Marshall Cavendish Corporation 1316). Protestors made statements and carried signs such as "No blood for Oil," and in the month of January, 1991, it is estimated that 500,000 Americans were involved in protests against the war (Ells). Despite the protests, the House and the Senate approved the war, and Operation Desert Storm was initiated. In response to the public reaction to the war, the media was restricted in the information it received, and the initial activities of the war were portrayed as bloodless, and the air attacks were referred to as "surgical strikes" (Snow). ...read more.

Conclusion

At 8:01 a.m. on February 28, 2001, a cease fire was declared, and the liberation of Kuwait had been successful. The Gulf War was now over. The U.S. interest in this war, as well as the Iran-Iraq War from 1980-1988, and the current war in Iraq, have all been based on control of Oil. As noted in National Security Directives from this time period, access to oil and the security and stability of other oil rich nations in the area are considered a threat to national security. In this respect, the U.S. has always taken military action when access to oil in the Middle East has been threatened. The role of America in this war was one of leadership. Bush sent troops into Saudi Arabia immediately after Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, and it was the U.S. who summoned over 30 other nations to send forces to build the coalition. Control of such a large proportion of the world's oil by a leader such as Saddam Hussein does seem like a threat, however, this interest has been an ongoing concern for many years, and America will continue to play a role in this issue for years to come. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. World War 1 Information

    Pershing went into Mexico and killed Villa) but Carranza knows the US won't give them any land back so he tries to fix the relations between Mexico and US > the United States declares war on Germany on April 6, 1917 10.4 Russian Revolution and Civil War > At first,

  2. My research questions: did the United States of America really lose the Vietnam War ...

    objective and this was a big victory for the locals.13 The guerilla war started against the U.S. and "Vietcong <...> were experts at guerilla warfare".14 Eric Hoffer in his book "True Believers" made it clear that it is not the men with the most guns, natural resources or money who win the battle.

  1. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    Economic Assistance - Its main aims was to coordinate the industry and trade of the Eastern European Countries - In the late 1950's Khrushchev expressed the view, "We will bury you" - he meant by this that the Soviet and Communist economies would easily overhaul the Capitalist economies.

  2. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * This award reflected the view that the Locarno Pact signalled the start of a new era of international peace and co-operation. * However, in hindsight, it is clear that these hopes were not fulfilled and that there was no lasting rapprochement amongst the powers.

  1. USA invasion of Iraq

    2.2 Iraq's containment of Weapons of Mass destruction was one of the reasons proposed by the Bush administration for invading Iraq. Concern of the US government over Iraqi weapons of Mass destruction goes back to 1991, when President George H.W.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Conference and King Hussein had great significance: o The PLO invoked UN Resolution 181 on the partition of Palestine, the legal basis for a two-state solution of the Palestinian problem. This reference to resolution 181 was used as evidence that the PLO implicitly recognised Israel.

  1. Why did Tsarism fail to survive the first world war

    The society?s position was somewhat traditional. The small, upper class, sort of bourgeoisie, began turning against Tsar Nicholas ll. They were shortly followed in their hate by the middle and lower class, which formed the bulk of the Russian people, whose salary was destroyed by the inflation.

  2. Justifications for the First Gulf War.

    When Iraq invaded Kuwait, the USA had to stop Iraq because Saddam Huissan would not quit until he got what he wanted. Even when Saddam Huissan knew he lost the war, he still wanted Kuwait to lose money by destroying its oil supply.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work