• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the importance of nationalism in the unification of Germany until 1866.

Extracts from this document...


Assess the importance of nationalism in the unification of Germany until 1866. Nationalism was important to the unification of Germany until 1866 to some extent. Around the beginning of the 19th century, Germany was a collection of 23 million people divided into 314 states varying in size (Farmer, page 141, line 3). Nationalism was an important factor in bringing about unification in these states. However, there are other factors, such as liberalism and economic development, which will be discussed later. All these factors- nationalism, liberalism, and economic development contributed to the unification of Germany in 1871. Thi Nationalism was the reason Germany became united. Without nationalism among the common German people, both Prussia and Austria would have no force to unite them under. ...read more.


joined Burschenschaften societies which campaigned for German unification. Similarly, it is important to note that the first of these nationalist festivals, the Wartburg Festival, was a gathering of 500 students that believed in a demonstration against the princes, and a united Germany. It was this festival that led to grander, nationalistic festivals such as the one in Hambach with 25,000 people. Economic development made unification come about in Germany as well. While the economic developments did not unite Germany politically, it united them economically. The Prussian Customs Union of 1815 was one such example. Instead of 39 German states having independent economies, there was one economic union. The benefits of the member states were that there were no internal tariffs, and there was a common external tariff. ...read more.


(Farmer, page 148, line 33) As the evidence above shows, economic development is linked to liberalism and nationalism, and gave rise to the ideologies- thus it is also an extremely important factor in unification. To conclude, all of the reasons were important, and a result of causation. Nationalism was a result of growing liberalism, and liberalism was was a result of the rapid economic development. This is because nationalism was mainly supported by the middle class, and the middle class was composed of liberals who believed that a united Germany would support a more liberal approach to politics. As the above information states, the final explanation is that nationalism was important to German unification because it made unification a desire among the German people, but economic development and liberalism made it happen. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Unification of Germany

    Also, since Prussia was the state that introduced the Zollverein, Prussia was seen as the economic leader of the states. Some of the historians that tend to say that Bismarck's achievements in unifying Germany has been exaggerated, believe that the Zollverein was the most important factor in the unification.

  2. Italian Unification: True Father of Italy

    Garibaldi's conquests (invasions) of Sicily (May 1860) and Naples (September 1860) reveals Garibaldi's intelligence. Garibaldi chose not to cross the border from Naples into the Papal States after his succession of conquests. Garibaldi did not attack the Pope because he wanted to prevent a major international crisis involving the French

  1. the importance of the role of Bismarck in the unification of Germany in 1871

    In late 1863, a new Danish king was chosen (King Frederick VII had left no children). The duchies of Holstein and Schleswig said that inheritance was forbidden as it came through a female relative, and they put forward their own heir to the throne; the Duke of Augustenburg.

  2. Nazi Germany

    the American bankers lost huge amounts of money in the crash � economic collapse in Germany - businesses bankrupted, unemployment had risen rapidly, ... Hitler took advantage of the poor German situation and propagated his ideas and proposed solutions to problems of that time: - Germany needs a strong leader, b/c the Weimar govt.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Historians' verdicts too have differed widely, partly because his thinking was complex and evolved over a long period and partly because, as an exile often under sentence of death, he often destroyed his letters (those that survived were written in handwriting so tiny that it served as a secret code.

  2. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    one side and France and Britain on the other side, fought on Russian soil - In this war, Austria was neutral; she didn't find on either side. If anything, that weakened Austria's diplomatic position; this lost Russian support - Under Cavour, Piedmont sent a contingent of troops (token force- 18,000 men, of which about 1/10 died)

  1. Analyse the political factors involved in the unification of Italy up to 1861

    Then Count Camillo Di Cavour, the second character who helped the unification of Italy is described as ambitious and sometimes ruthless opportunist by Farmer. Simpson and Jones describe him as the 'architet of a united Italy.' Even though Cavour and Mazzini had similar aims they hated eachother, and Cavour disliked Garibaldi within.

  2. History Essay (Bismarck's Influence on the German Unification

    sudden acquired economic dominance, which proved to be vital in terms of future military and political power. However, this was not the only event Austria missed out on. As a result of being composed of various ethnic groups such as, Germans, Italians, Hungarians, Czechs, Poles and Ukrainians, the Austrian empire

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work