• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bismarck's policies success

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Bismarck pursued a successful foreign policy between 1871 and 1890 but was often defeated on domestic issues". To what extent do you agree with this statement? Jude Batayneh Once Germany was unified, Bismarck mainly wanted to prevent any challenges against the new European order and to unite the new German state, which faced much domestic opposition and great suspicion from the rest of Europe, rather than seek further territory or fight more wars. As Chancellor from 1871 - 1890, Bismarck provided continuity and stability on one hand, and reflected his own restless and suspicious nature through his predominance on the other. Part of Bismarck's foreign policy in which he was successful in achieving was the weakening and isolation of France. The former objective was attained by the peace settlement imposed on France by the Treaty of Frankfurt, which included a large war indemnity. The five main powers in Europe were Great Britain, Russia, France, Austria- Hungary and Germany. Bismarck wanted to form an alliance with at least two of them in order to isolate France. The isolation of France was more difficult yet also attained. First of all, Britain would not present Bismarck with any problems as it was more concerned with her empire than with the rest of Europe. ...read more.

Middle

There seemed to be an anti- British alliance between them because Britain was very powerful. Following the crisis in Africa (especially in Congo) a congress was called in Berlin in 1885 to settle these various disputes. The territories that the Germans obtained were German- Southwest Africa and Togo. This was actually settled before the congress because the terms had to be agreed on by Britain. A large indication on how successful Bismarck's foreign policies were would be the fact that once Bismarck resigned, Germany's foreign relations immediately began to fall apart. Bismarck successfully guarded Germany. In 1890, Bismarck wanted to renew the Re-Insurance Treaty; Russia was also keen on doing so. The Kaiser was against renewing the Re-Insurance Treaty because he believed he could rely on his own personal relations (him and the Tsar were cousins). Bismarck offered his resignation (after he got frustrated) and the Kaiser accepted it, but prevented him from publishing his reasons for dismissal. In 1891 there was an informal agreement between the Russians the French and French ministers visited Russia and in 1893 they formed a complete military alliance. A dangerous move against Germany. A success in one of Bismarck's domestic policies would be the expansion and development of Germany's economy. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1886 the state provided accident and sickness insurance for 16 million agricultural workers. In 1889 the state provided old age pensions for people over 70. Even so, in the long term, support for the socialists and for the Social Democratic Party continued to grow. The problem for Bismarck is that "the workers wanted power, not lollipops". In conclusion, it seems that Bismarck was more successful with his foreign policies than his domestic ones during the period between 1871 and 1890. It seemed that his goal in achieving the weakening of France and isolating it was well achieved in his time. Even when it seems that his plans are failing, he finds a way around that; for example the re-insurance treaty. However, a lot of his domestic policies had drawbacks. He would either lose the support of one party, or simply not achieve his goals. Many would argue that if one was to look at things in the long term, Bismarck was in fact not successful in his foreign policies but was rather more effective and lasting with his domestic policies. That might be true for the alliances collapsed once he left office and he managed to increase Germany's economy for a long time. However, that was all in the period following 1890 in which Bismarck had nothing to do with. So as far as he is concerned, his foreign policies had more successes then his domestic policies. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. the importance of the role of Bismarck in the unification of Germany in 1871

    the time; such as the 1840 crisis of France wishing to expand by through the German states along the Rhine, and when Denmark tried incorporate Schleswig and Holstein into its kingdom. When faced with these "threats to the Fatherland" the people of the German states would protest through German songs, poems and German newspapers.

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    A few weeks later the Piedmontese army was mobilised. � However, all seemed lost when Russia and Britain intervened in an attempt to preserve the Balance of Power. Napoleon III lost his nerve and in April joined the other powers in asking Piedmont to demobilise.

  1. Nazi Germany

    - In the late 1930s the Nazis needed more women workers b/c there was just a few unemployed men and workers were still necessary Did Germans gain from Nazi rule ??? Economic recovery & rearmament Hitler came to power b/c he promised he will solve the country's main problems -

  2. Why was Germany unified by Prussia and not by Austria?

    By 1859, the War Minister, Albrecht von Roon of Prussia tried to pass a reform of the army to the parliament. These reforms included removing the importance of the reserve militia, the Landwehr (which had the advantage of being freer from the detested spirit Junker militarism and of costing them far less in taxes for the liberal majority.).

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * Indeed the growing economic difficulties facing Italy appears to have been one of the factors that account for Mussolini's increasingly aggressive foreign policy in the 1930s. * This saw Mussolini invade Abyssinia in 1935-36, in part, as an attempt to revive support for his regime among Italians.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Middle classes, small but with a growing number of merchants, bankers, and industrialists as industry developed. Sought increased political participation. 2. Land and agriculture: inefficient and backward (wooden ploughs and few animals and tools).

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The first aim of its foreign policy was survival." - By 28 May 1948, the Jordanian Arab Legion had occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank. - After initial setbacks, however, the Israelis successful drove the Arab armies out of the north, regained the Negev from the Egyptians and secured a corridor between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv.

  2. Assess the success and failures of the British mandates in Palestine

    They divided the territory within Palestine, the east of section of the Jordan river, was given to Jewish and was renamed Transjordan. And the 24th of July this was ratified by the League of Nations. Things did not work out as the British had hoped, later in 1929, there were

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work