• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bismarck's policies success

Extracts from this document...


"Bismarck pursued a successful foreign policy between 1871 and 1890 but was often defeated on domestic issues". To what extent do you agree with this statement? Jude Batayneh Once Germany was unified, Bismarck mainly wanted to prevent any challenges against the new European order and to unite the new German state, which faced much domestic opposition and great suspicion from the rest of Europe, rather than seek further territory or fight more wars. As Chancellor from 1871 - 1890, Bismarck provided continuity and stability on one hand, and reflected his own restless and suspicious nature through his predominance on the other. Part of Bismarck's foreign policy in which he was successful in achieving was the weakening and isolation of France. The former objective was attained by the peace settlement imposed on France by the Treaty of Frankfurt, which included a large war indemnity. The five main powers in Europe were Great Britain, Russia, France, Austria- Hungary and Germany. Bismarck wanted to form an alliance with at least two of them in order to isolate France. The isolation of France was more difficult yet also attained. First of all, Britain would not present Bismarck with any problems as it was more concerned with her empire than with the rest of Europe. ...read more.


There seemed to be an anti- British alliance between them because Britain was very powerful. Following the crisis in Africa (especially in Congo) a congress was called in Berlin in 1885 to settle these various disputes. The territories that the Germans obtained were German- Southwest Africa and Togo. This was actually settled before the congress because the terms had to be agreed on by Britain. A large indication on how successful Bismarck's foreign policies were would be the fact that once Bismarck resigned, Germany's foreign relations immediately began to fall apart. Bismarck successfully guarded Germany. In 1890, Bismarck wanted to renew the Re-Insurance Treaty; Russia was also keen on doing so. The Kaiser was against renewing the Re-Insurance Treaty because he believed he could rely on his own personal relations (him and the Tsar were cousins). Bismarck offered his resignation (after he got frustrated) and the Kaiser accepted it, but prevented him from publishing his reasons for dismissal. In 1891 there was an informal agreement between the Russians the French and French ministers visited Russia and in 1893 they formed a complete military alliance. A dangerous move against Germany. A success in one of Bismarck's domestic policies would be the expansion and development of Germany's economy. ...read more.


In 1886 the state provided accident and sickness insurance for 16 million agricultural workers. In 1889 the state provided old age pensions for people over 70. Even so, in the long term, support for the socialists and for the Social Democratic Party continued to grow. The problem for Bismarck is that "the workers wanted power, not lollipops". In conclusion, it seems that Bismarck was more successful with his foreign policies than his domestic ones during the period between 1871 and 1890. It seemed that his goal in achieving the weakening of France and isolating it was well achieved in his time. Even when it seems that his plans are failing, he finds a way around that; for example the re-insurance treaty. However, a lot of his domestic policies had drawbacks. He would either lose the support of one party, or simply not achieve his goals. Many would argue that if one was to look at things in the long term, Bismarck was in fact not successful in his foreign policies but was rather more effective and lasting with his domestic policies. That might be true for the alliances collapsed once he left office and he managed to increase Germany's economy for a long time. However, that was all in the period following 1890 in which Bismarck had nothing to do with. So as far as he is concerned, his foreign policies had more successes then his domestic policies. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. the importance of the role of Bismarck in the unification of Germany in 1871

    the time; such as the 1840 crisis of France wishing to expand by through the German states along the Rhine, and when Denmark tried incorporate Schleswig and Holstein into its kingdom. When faced with these "threats to the Fatherland" the people of the German states would protest through German songs, poems and German newspapers.

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    III concluded an armistice with Austria at Villlafranca on 11 July 1859. Austria, fearful of a Hungarian rising and wary of Russia, was more than happy to make peace. The armistice was drawn up without any consultation between France and Piedmont.

  1. Why was Germany unified by Prussia and not by Austria?

    As soon as the end of the Austro-Prussian war, the Treaty of Prague was set up; the treaty allowed Prussia to control Hanover, Hesse-Cassel, Nassau, Frankfurt, Schleswig-Holstein, and form all German states north of the river Main into the new North German Confederation.

  2. Nazi Germany

    the British started to bomb industrial and also the residential areas of all the major German cities, in order to: - Cripple German industry - Lower morale of civilians - Terrorise them into submission - Feb 1945 - Dresden - in 2 days 35 000 - 150 000 people were

  1. Assess the relative importance of Mazzini, Cavour, and Garibaldi to the unification of Italy ...

    were killed or captured and due to this reason Garibaldi had to escape from the peninsula. He returned to Italy in 1854 where he decided to base on the island of Caprera, located northeast of Sardinia, and by this time he decided not to work with Mazzini anymore and instead

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace (PG) that evening but only the Women?s Death Battalion and some military cadets had not fled. No resistance. 5. PG surrendered and the Bolsheviks had control of Petrograd. Causes of the October Revolution and which explain Lenin?s successful seizure of power Long and Mid-term-

  1. Assess the success and failures of the British mandates in Palestine

    terrible riots between the Arabs and the Jews, like for example the Walling wall riots the 23rd of August 1929. Both Jewish and Arabs where getting killed in vast amounts, so the British government decided to take action again, this time they wrote a green paper called the Peel Commission

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Sachar says the Israeli's fought with a "desperate last-ditch spirit...the Arab's never fully understood how much this counted" and that this is why Israel won the war. - Schlaim feels that "The Arab forces... mobilized to do battle against the emergent Jewish state were nowhere as powerful or united as they appeared to be in Arab and Jewish propaganda."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work