• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Skyler Korgel Mr. Abbott IB History of the Americas Period 1 Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela Separated by nearly two centuries of history and thousands of miles in nations with a unique political and cultural background, President Andrew Jackson of the United States and Nelson Mandela of South Africa each served to expand the democratic process in their respective nations to include a greatly wider range of eligible citizens that revolutionized the definition of democracy not only within their borders but also within their regions. However, along with these democratic successes also came some relative political failures that impeded their effectiveness as leaders and legacies as influential heads of government. As the champion of the Jacksonian democracy political movement in the United States, President Andrew Jackson sought to improve upon the existing system of democracy in America during his presidency by expanding voting rights to include all white men and drastically increasing the power of the executive branch over the federal government. Seeking revenge upon the broken democratic system which had denied him his rightful election against John Quincy Adams in 1824 due to the voting restrictions against suffrage for the common ...read more.

Middle

A major issue during Jackson's presidency was his refusal to sanction the renewal of the Bank of the United States. Jackson spent much of his two terms downsizing the federal government. Jackson thought Congress did not have the authority to create the Bank in the first place and viewed the Bank as operating for the primary benefit of the upper classes at the expense of working people. He saw to it that the Second Bank of the United States failed by vetoing Congress's attempt to renew the Bank weakening the economic strength of the United States considerably. Due to the practice of banks issuing paper banknotes that were not backed by gold or silver reserves, there was soon rapid inflation and mounting state debts. Not only was Jackson an awful diplomat, he had no sentimental feelings among minorities, especially the Native Americans. In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, a policy that Jackson enacted during office. The act offered the Indians land west of the Mississippi in return for evacuation of their tribal homes in the east. About 100 million acres of traditional Indian lands were cleared under this law. ...read more.

Conclusion

Looking back on the more recent presidency of Nelson Mandela, modern historians have noted only a few of his failures that his presidential legacy has left with South Africa, however none of which relatable to those of Andrew Jackson due to the extremely unique issues Mandela addressed during his time in office. Although the Mandela administration spent a large portion of their money and time in integrating the black masses into the equal society, little progress was actually made in bringing economic equality to the nation as millions of black inhabitants remained in impoverished ghettos and lacked the money to seek a better life while a majority of the wealth continued to circulate among the richer white population. Busy trying to reestablish a new, equal South Africa for all citizens, the Mandela administration has been criticized for its ineffectiveness in addressing and stemming the AIDS crisis in South Africa due to Mandela's preoccupation with other national issues. Despite these failures, the South African people still feel enormously indebted and infatuated with Mandela that his legacy left with the citizens seems to have been the cause of more indirect failures as the people see him as the epitome of South African democracy and change that they focus on electing politicians which emulate his character rather than on their political philosophy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Evaluate the successes and failures of one ruler of a single party state: Hitler's ...

    Some historians like Mason argue that Hitler was forced to go to war because of the economic crisis and discontent in the limited supply of consumer goods. Other historians think that it was military conditions that created the decision of going to war.

  2. The League of Nations - Although the League of Nations had several successes, it ...

    The sanctions' goal was to avert disputes, but they were so ineffective that they could not accomplish their purpose. For example, physical sanctions are the last step for avoiding a dispute but it was impossible to do so. The League possessed no military, except for the British and French militaries

  1. Assess the successes and failures of Nicholas II between 1849 and 1917:

    shattered causing this to result in a failure to enhance the Russian situation. Although many failures were shown to have taken place, some positive changes had been made, such as Stolypin's reforms which, although being aggressive, brought encouraging changes for peasants.

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Everywhere in central Italy, the popular mood was unmistakeable. The former rulers were not acceptable and the call was for union with Piedmont. This was the situation when Cavour returned to power in January 1860. � Fortunately for Cavour, Napoleon III was now ready to accept Piedmontese expansion in central Italy, provided Savoy and Nice was ceded to France.

  1. The purpose of this report is to investigate how the apartheid system was created ...

    from the white Boers.[1] 3 Background 3.1 Colonization In the 1650's Dutch ships built camps along the coast of today's South Africa. They were heading to the East Indies, just like many other countries from the west. The camps grew bigger and became established bases on the way to the East Indies.

  2. Evaluate the successes and failures of one ruler of a single-party state

    The impetus for this decision/policy can be traced to 2 main reasons. Firstly, the failure of communist revolutions throughout Europe from 1917-1921 had put forth the idea that the Soviet Union had to first strengthen itself internally, providing security for the construction of communism before turning it's influence on the rest of the world.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    This unconditional US support of Israel has been a key factor in the failure of the peace process. - In December 1973, following the 1973 war, US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger facilitated a meeting of the two parties. America's motives were by no means honourable: OAPEC had found 'the

  2. What were the most significant factors in the ending of the apartheid system and ...

    These sanctions would stop trade with South Africa, particularly in necessary supplies such as oil. Unfortunately, not all of the countries that were trading most with South Africa wanted this to happen. South Africa was also facing anti-apartheid governments in other nations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work