• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela

Extracts from this document...


Skyler Korgel Mr. Abbott IB History of the Americas Period 1 Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela Separated by nearly two centuries of history and thousands of miles in nations with a unique political and cultural background, President Andrew Jackson of the United States and Nelson Mandela of South Africa each served to expand the democratic process in their respective nations to include a greatly wider range of eligible citizens that revolutionized the definition of democracy not only within their borders but also within their regions. However, along with these democratic successes also came some relative political failures that impeded their effectiveness as leaders and legacies as influential heads of government. As the champion of the Jacksonian democracy political movement in the United States, President Andrew Jackson sought to improve upon the existing system of democracy in America during his presidency by expanding voting rights to include all white men and drastically increasing the power of the executive branch over the federal government. Seeking revenge upon the broken democratic system which had denied him his rightful election against John Quincy Adams in 1824 due to the voting restrictions against suffrage for the common ...read more.


A major issue during Jackson's presidency was his refusal to sanction the renewal of the Bank of the United States. Jackson spent much of his two terms downsizing the federal government. Jackson thought Congress did not have the authority to create the Bank in the first place and viewed the Bank as operating for the primary benefit of the upper classes at the expense of working people. He saw to it that the Second Bank of the United States failed by vetoing Congress's attempt to renew the Bank weakening the economic strength of the United States considerably. Due to the practice of banks issuing paper banknotes that were not backed by gold or silver reserves, there was soon rapid inflation and mounting state debts. Not only was Jackson an awful diplomat, he had no sentimental feelings among minorities, especially the Native Americans. In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, a policy that Jackson enacted during office. The act offered the Indians land west of the Mississippi in return for evacuation of their tribal homes in the east. About 100 million acres of traditional Indian lands were cleared under this law. ...read more.


Looking back on the more recent presidency of Nelson Mandela, modern historians have noted only a few of his failures that his presidential legacy has left with South Africa, however none of which relatable to those of Andrew Jackson due to the extremely unique issues Mandela addressed during his time in office. Although the Mandela administration spent a large portion of their money and time in integrating the black masses into the equal society, little progress was actually made in bringing economic equality to the nation as millions of black inhabitants remained in impoverished ghettos and lacked the money to seek a better life while a majority of the wealth continued to circulate among the richer white population. Busy trying to reestablish a new, equal South Africa for all citizens, the Mandela administration has been criticized for its ineffectiveness in addressing and stemming the AIDS crisis in South Africa due to Mandela's preoccupation with other national issues. Despite these failures, the South African people still feel enormously indebted and infatuated with Mandela that his legacy left with the citizens seems to have been the cause of more indirect failures as the people see him as the epitome of South African democracy and change that they focus on electing politicians which emulate his character rather than on their political philosophy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The League of Nations - Although the League of Nations had several successes, it ...

    body and, as a punishment with respect to the Treaty of Versailles; therefore, she was not invited to the League.

  2. Discuss the successes and failures of Henry I as king of England

    Lately, he did so, after a year, when Flambard escaped from the Tower to Normandy early in Feburary 1101, Flambard encouraged the duke to prepare an invasion fleet. Here, when Robert begins his preparations, Henry began to lose the support of the great nobility in England (Count William of Mortain,

  1. Evaluate the successes and failures of one ruler of a single party state: Hitler's ...

    The educational policies were aimed to develop loyalty to the regime and take away emphasis on developing as an individual. Lessons like PE, History and Biology became politicised. Hitler was successful in providing traditional ideals to girls and boys and in producing a base of young, loyal, powerful soldiers.

  2. Assess the successes and failures of Nicholas II between 1849 and 1917:

    The social breakdown together with the unexpected defeat caused a heavy inflation which led to the 1905 revolution. Obviously, the Russo- Japanese war was marked as a failure. As the middle class and the workers were protesting for rights and freedom, the October manifesto marked a victory for Russians as it granted civil liberties and created a parliament (Duma).

  1. Access the successes and failures of Mussolini(TM)s Domestic and Economic policies

    would be made to memorise: "I believe in Rome, the Eternal, and the mother of my country... I believe in the genius of Mussolini...and in the resurrection of the Empire." Despite Mussolini's best efforts, the education system was still not as successful as he had hoped it would be.

  2. The North, The South, and Slavery

    Europe and England, undergoing same changes, imported large amounts of food 3. Growing WW demand for farm products and steadily rising prices 4. 1840s-50s- increasing prosperity d. Affects on USA sectional alignments i. NW sold products to NE and shipped the rest abroad ii.

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    Generally reflective of the heavy emphasis on scientific and technological education is the composition of college and university graduates for the year 1962. According to official data, only 7,000, or4 percent, of the 170,000 graduates majored in the social sciences and humanities; 59,000 of the 1962 graduates were engineers; 11,000

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - The USSR threatened to use 'every kind of modern destructive weapon' to stop the violence, while US President Eisenhower threatened to withdraw support for a $1 billion loan to the British from the International Monetary Fund. - The US also threatened Israel with discontinued American assistance, UN sanctions and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work