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Comparison of the International Movements of the Haitian Revolution and American Revolution

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´╗┐Williams Comparison Paper Independence Movements Haitian Revolution By: Rendol Williams Mrs. Tirado Irmo High School 3A History of Americas HL Monday, September 26, 2011 Introduction Any historian who has studied the great revolutions of the 18th century can certainly conclude and ascertain that many similarities can be drawn between the American Revolution of 1776 and the Haitian Revolution of 1791. Likewise anyone can infer that these two revolutions truly did have many conflicting beliefs and interests that defined them, but still united them in the spirit of revolution and the need for change. As we research these two different revolutions we gather information of all types that we can compare and contrast to get a better grasp of what actually occurred. Background of the Movements The first thing that we can deduce is that each revolution was a rebellion against a foreign superpower that was across the Atlantic Ocean. In the case of the American Revolution it was a revolt against the superpower of Great Britain. As the Haitian Revolution was an up rise against the power of France. However as you may imagine how can a colony or colonies rise up against a country to win independence? Both nations of France and Britain were greatly burdened with financial debt as a result of The French Revolution and in Britain because of the French and Indian War. ...read more.


Similarly we can see how the people of America were oppressed and then compelled to revolt against their superior. The colonists were not being worked as slaves but rather were being affected financially heavily as Britain was trying to cover its cost for the French and Indian War by heavily taxing the colonies. Britain gradually started posting Acts which imposed ridiculously high taxes on the colonies. They included the Stamp Act, Navigation Acts, Intolerable Acts, Quartering Act and the Declaratory Act. All of which angered the colonists more and more to the point of which they started to show signs of rebellion. Their first sign of rebellion was after the Tea Act was imposed. The Sons of Liberty of group of colonist who rallied together to fight in an effort to win the war dressed up as Native Americans boarded and English vessel and dumped all the tea it had on board into Boston harbor. This resulted in the closing of Boston harbor. Another sign was when the Boston Massacre occurred. Soldiers openly fired on a group of colonist killing five. This enraged colonist leading them to believe that the British were no good and needed to be rid with. Writings of people like Thomas Paine and John Locke also helped in the efforts of gaining support and contributors. ...read more.


Early America was experiencing war debts that were well over what they could handle. They owed about $12 million to France in money borrowed for war efforts. The national government owed the people over $40 million and the state governments owed their citizens over $25 million. In 1790 a treasury was established to help raise funds for all the debts that were being imposed and that needed to be paid off. SUCCESS In terms of who was successful in identifying a clear problem and overcoming it in my personal opinion I believe that the American Revolution was more successful than the Haitian Revolution. As most of the problems they had they tried to fix without war but were obligated to finally in the end declare their independence through war with Great Britain. As it is stated in the Declaration when any form of government becomes destructive or ineffective it the responsibility and duty of the people to abolish said government and establish a new form. That is exactly what they did they asserted their rights and concluded that this was the right thing to do. They proved to the world that America was capable of taking on the world?s greatest army and defeating them. Soon after garnering their independence the founding fathers of America established the law and created a system that would avoid what they had in Britain where one man had too much power. They set up a system of checks and balances and look where they are today. ...read more.

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