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How and why was Adolf Hitler officially a Chancellor of Germany on 30th January 1933

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Introduction

How and why was Adolf Hitler officially a Chancellor of Germany on 30th January 1933? First and foremost, appointing Adolf Hitler a Chancellor of the Weimar Republic is her end for many historians. It is very simplistic view especially that the Weimar Republic was in a crisis caused by the failure of a parliamentary democracy. On the other hand, that failure had not been surely the only factor that contributed to the appointment of Hitler. The point is how and why Adolf Hitler became a Chancellor of the Weimar Republic. To begin with, the Weimar Republic survived its turbulent first four years and later had the so-called 'Golden Years' during period 1924-9. Worth mentioning are also reasons of the failure of parliamentary government which eventually contributed to Hitler's appointment. ...read more.

Middle

Democratic parties were successful and there was no mass support for radical parties and that is why there was no coups, putsches and other tries to take power or / and change the system. Above all, thanks to the conciliatory policy of fulfillment conducted by Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann Allies withdrew from the Rhineland. Consequently, foreign countries -France, Belgium or Great Britain - did not affect the German economy anymore. Earlier, occupation of Rhineland by French and Belgian troops led to a hiperinflation crisis in 1923. Therefore, elimination of foreign influence over the Weimar Republic was a significant achievement. This country managed to reach levels of economic production before the war. But, fragile economic recovery and gradual polarisation of the political scene were past hope. ...read more.

Conclusion

Eventually, elements in the elites persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as a Chancellor. Taking everything into account, the Weimar Republic survived big troubles like hyperinflation between 1919 and 1923, strikes of the Left and putsches of the Right. But, unfortunately, close economic links with the USA proved fatal. If there had not been Wall Street Crash, extremist parties - NDSAP with Adolf Hitler and KPD - would not have gained such big support. Though economic and international situations were improving by the end of 1932 and in consequence the moderate parties might have regained their electoral support at the expense of extremists, they were still blamed for the Diktat, reparations and ineffectiveness during the slump. No wonder the elites, in order to establish a more authoritarian system, decided to leave popular Hitler at the post of the Chancellor, but surrounded by conservatives in order to be controlled. This turned out to be a fatal miscalculation. ...read more.

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