• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why was Adolf Hitler officially a Chancellor of Germany on 30th January 1933

Extracts from this document...


How and why was Adolf Hitler officially a Chancellor of Germany on 30th January 1933? First and foremost, appointing Adolf Hitler a Chancellor of the Weimar Republic is her end for many historians. It is very simplistic view especially that the Weimar Republic was in a crisis caused by the failure of a parliamentary democracy. On the other hand, that failure had not been surely the only factor that contributed to the appointment of Hitler. The point is how and why Adolf Hitler became a Chancellor of the Weimar Republic. To begin with, the Weimar Republic survived its turbulent first four years and later had the so-called 'Golden Years' during period 1924-9. Worth mentioning are also reasons of the failure of parliamentary government which eventually contributed to Hitler's appointment. ...read more.


Democratic parties were successful and there was no mass support for radical parties and that is why there was no coups, putsches and other tries to take power or / and change the system. Above all, thanks to the conciliatory policy of fulfillment conducted by Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann Allies withdrew from the Rhineland. Consequently, foreign countries -France, Belgium or Great Britain - did not affect the German economy anymore. Earlier, occupation of Rhineland by French and Belgian troops led to a hiperinflation crisis in 1923. Therefore, elimination of foreign influence over the Weimar Republic was a significant achievement. This country managed to reach levels of economic production before the war. But, fragile economic recovery and gradual polarisation of the political scene were past hope. ...read more.


Eventually, elements in the elites persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as a Chancellor. Taking everything into account, the Weimar Republic survived big troubles like hyperinflation between 1919 and 1923, strikes of the Left and putsches of the Right. But, unfortunately, close economic links with the USA proved fatal. If there had not been Wall Street Crash, extremist parties - NDSAP with Adolf Hitler and KPD - would not have gained such big support. Though economic and international situations were improving by the end of 1932 and in consequence the moderate parties might have regained their electoral support at the expense of extremists, they were still blamed for the Diktat, reparations and ineffectiveness during the slump. No wonder the elites, in order to establish a more authoritarian system, decided to leave popular Hitler at the post of the Chancellor, but surrounded by conservatives in order to be controlled. This turned out to be a fatal miscalculation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Can the period between 1924-1929 really be called the Golden period for the Weimar ...

    from The United States, which would quicken economic recovery in the country. The Dawes Plan was initially quite successful as it stabilised the currency and brought the inflation under control. Between 1924 and 1931 Germany received 18,000 million marks in foreign loans and paid out 11,100 million marks in reparations

  2. Weimar Republic

    Germany's international position, and also belived the key to success would be a strong economy. * "Stressemann's conciliatory foreign policy can be seen as laying the basis for the long-term consolidation of the Weimar Republic" * He was a good diplomat and knew how to negotiate, could as be seen as pragmatic.

  1. Nazi Germany

    � an attempt to destroy the Weimar govt. Hitler joined by Ludendorff(old war hero) marched into the local government meeting followed by 600 storm troopers and announced he was taking over the govt. of Bavaria � police rounded up the building � 16 Nazis were killed � Hitler thought people would rise up to support him but they

  2. What were Stresemann's Strenghts as chancellor and foreign minsiter?

    Their objective was to find a good solution to Germany's main problem, which was the reparations payment and hyper-inflation. It included the reorganization of the Reichsbank under Allied supervision, an international loan of 800 million marks for better ability of reparations payment, and that the French leave the Ruhr.

  1. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation ...

    their own political party, the Centre Party, that retained deep religious roots and an ostensibly nationalistic nature in order to demonstrate their loyalty to the state. It would maintain a formidable presence throughout German politics, and due to its strong adherence to the Bismarckian Reich it remained, even during the

  2. How did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933?

    In other words, they tried to find a relationship with the voters through ?negative cohesion?, which is basically stating that they were similar because they hated the same things such as the Treaty of Versailles and World War One. In Germany there was great hate towards the Versailles Treaty, which they thought was unjust and humiliating.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work