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How Fascist was Fascist Italy?

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How Fascist was Fascist Italy? Mussolini defined his reign as "Fascist", a party which not only has all power over the state, but is also characterized by the fact that only one man has power over the party, and consecutively, of the state. The belief of Fascist supporters is that a state can flourish and stay strong as long as the leadership is strong. Weather or not Mussolini remained faithful to the principle of "Fascism" throughout his power is a much discussed matter which historians have addressed heavily. To state weather or not Fascist Italy was really Fascist, we are required to take into consideration Mussolini's policies and ruling methods. ...read more.


The 'Corporate state' is a straight forward example in proof of Mussolini's manipulation of Fascism. 'Il Duce' himself believed that there was a 'third way', this consisted in his interpretation of a state which finds itself between capitalism and communism; Mussolini claimed that his 'third way' had the best of both ideologies, creating a powerful and stable state. Mussolini's Corporate State had the objective of eliminating the traditional class system were society was divided into working class, middle class ecc. The goal Mussolini wanted to reach through the 'third way' was the creation of a vertical economy, were the employers and the employes had a peaceful relationship. The outcome of such ideology was that workers had less liberties and bosses were supported by the state, suppressing class conflict but not solving class conflict. ...read more.


Such policy was only successful to a certain extent, as the leader still had opposition groups against him. Italy was a constitutional monarchy, and remained as such after Mussolini took power over the state, this means that Italy could never be a fully fascist state; if fact, Mussolini never created a fascist state, the majority of the ministers were not even changed. Mussolini's aim of creating a self-sufficient state was never reached, his major attempt to create an autarkic state was the battle for grain, which consisted in the massive increase of production and required the drainage of wet grounds, however, this policy was not successful, causing italy not to be a proper Fascist State. Daniel Longo History 11th HL Ms. McPhilemy ...read more.

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