• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ibn Battutah, the traveller

Extracts from this document...


Ibn Battutah, the traveller? Ibn Battutah, Abu Abd Allah Muhammad (Ibn Batuta, Ibn Battuta, Abu Abdullah Muhammed ibn Battuta, Muhammed ibn Abdallah ibn Battuta, Mohammed ibn Abdullah ibn Battuta, Abu Abdulla ben Batuta Lahuati, Sheik Muhammad ibn-Abdullah, Abu Allah Muhammed ibn Abd Allah al-Lawati at-Tanji ibn Battutah) (1304?1378) Arab scholar in the Middle East, East Africa, central Asia, India, China, North Africa, and Spain. Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Battutah was born in Tan-gier,Morocco, the son of a qadi,or Muslim judge. Educated in Islamic theology, he supplemented his studies with read-ings of texts about far-off places, which inspired him to take up a life of travel. In 1325, at the age of 21, Ibn Battutah left Tangier on a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. He made his way eastward by way of Tripoli and Misurata on the coast of Libya. From Alexandria, he continued to Cairo, then sailed down the NILE RIVERas far as Syene at present-day Aswan. Ibn Battutah next journeyed to the Red Sea coast, where he planned to board a ship for Jidda, Arabia, the port of entry for Muslim pilgrims to Mecca. ...read more.


Heattempted to travel northward into Russia from Bulgaria, but was turned back by cold weather. Heading eastward, Ibn Battutah crossed the central Asian steppes, into the lands of the Mongolian Tartars, to Samarkand and the countryof the Uzbeks. He reached Afghanistan by way of the Hindu Kush range, stopping at Kabul and Herat before making his way by the upper Indus River into India. At Delhi, he entered the service of Sultan Mohammed Tuglaq, for whom he worked as judge and legal scholar for seven years. He then was commis-sioned as the sultan?s ambassador to the court of the Mon-gol emperor of China. He left Delhi with gifts for the emperor, but before he could embark from the Malabar Coast port of Goa, he was robbed. Afraid to return to Delhi without the gifts, he sailed for the Maldive Islands in the Indian Ocean, where he obtained another official post and several wives. After less than two years in the Maldives, Ibn Battutah visited Ceylon(present-day Sri Lanka), then returned to the mainland of southeastern India at Madras. ...read more.


In a subsequent journey, Ibn Battutah crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from Tangier and visited the Muslim cities of Spain. He also travelled throughout the lands of the western Mediterranean Sea, including a visit to the island of Sardinia. Ibn Battutah?s travels took him across 75,000 miles in Africa, Asia, and Europe, in the course of which he visited nearly every country in the Islamic world. In the east he reached as far as China, and to the south as far as Mali and the coast of East Africa. In the north, he traveled as far as the edge of the steppes of SIBERIA, and in the west he visited Spain. He was one of the first known explorers of the Sa-hara. His travel account, Rihla(Journey), completed in 1357, became known outside of the Arabic world after the French occupation of North Africa in the 19th century. The record of his travels provides a vivid description of the Mid-dle East, East and West Africa, India, and China in the cen-turybeforethe onset of the age of European exploration. In it, he makes the first written reference to the mountains known as Hindu Kush. Sources: Wikipedia.org Encyclopedia of Exploration ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Grand Bazaar is the public place of the Istanbul and even all the ...

    The new sectors were entered to bazaar and they still exist. So, the bazaar lost its power and affect as an old trade center of the country. In the twentieth century, with the effect of capitalism the consumption began to make for fun and self-reflection rather than need.

  2. Scramble for africa

    What is the current nature of US-Sudanese relations? Describe what caused the U.S. to become openly hostile towards Sudan in the early 1990s, as well as what actions Washington took against Khartoum later that decade. What subsequently caused US-Sudanese relations to warm again?

  1. The North, The South, and Slavery

    Low cost of constructing wire systems 2. 1861- Pacific telegraph connected NY with SF 3. All independent lines absorbed into Western Union Telegraph Company i. Journalism helped to draw communities together and enforce sectionalism i. 1846- Richard Hoe invented steam cylinder rotary press, making possible printing newspapers rapidly and cheaply ii.

  2. Ancient China

    The monarch does not have much responsibility when it comes to politics but he or she must sign off on every law. The governments in the Modern Western Civilization understands that their people comes first and that they rule and make decisions according to what the public want which is entirely different from the Ancient Chinese Civilization.

  1. Current Affairs OA: Iran

    He concentrated on reviving the army and ensuring that it would remain under royal control as the monarchy's main power base. In 1949, an assassination attempt on the Shah, attributed to the pro-Soviet Tudeh Party, resulted in the banning of that party and the expansion of the Shah's constitutional powers, which were originally limited due to self-imposed constitutional restraints.

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    Programs based on the combination of education with productive labor described as ones "designed to foster students who are socialist- minded and cultured laborers and ensure their moral, Intellectual and physical development to produce new men of communism." Classification based primarily on income and function.

  1. Comparing Ancient Civilisations - Mesopotamia and Egypt

    that each of the main periods of Egyptian history was marked by some striking kings. Early in each dynastic period leading pharaohs conquered new territories, sometimes pressing up the Nile River into present-day Sudan, once even moving up the Mediterranean coast of the Middle East.

  2. Crisis and Collapse in Spain between 1793 and 1808

    Both creoles and peninsulars grew dissatisfied with a government that so cavalierly disrupted local economies and undermined personal finances. Among the many individuals affected by the law of consolidation was Gabriel de Yermo, a Vizcayan-born landowner and merchant whose wife had inherited rich sugarcane haciendas in mexico.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work