• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ibn Battutah, the traveller

Extracts from this document...


Ibn Battutah, the traveller? Ibn Battutah, Abu Abd Allah Muhammad (Ibn Batuta, Ibn Battuta, Abu Abdullah Muhammed ibn Battuta, Muhammed ibn Abdallah ibn Battuta, Mohammed ibn Abdullah ibn Battuta, Abu Abdulla ben Batuta Lahuati, Sheik Muhammad ibn-Abdullah, Abu Allah Muhammed ibn Abd Allah al-Lawati at-Tanji ibn Battutah) (1304?1378) Arab scholar in the Middle East, East Africa, central Asia, India, China, North Africa, and Spain. Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Battutah was born in Tan-gier,Morocco, the son of a qadi,or Muslim judge. Educated in Islamic theology, he supplemented his studies with read-ings of texts about far-off places, which inspired him to take up a life of travel. In 1325, at the age of 21, Ibn Battutah left Tangier on a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. He made his way eastward by way of Tripoli and Misurata on the coast of Libya. From Alexandria, he continued to Cairo, then sailed down the NILE RIVERas far as Syene at present-day Aswan. Ibn Battutah next journeyed to the Red Sea coast, where he planned to board a ship for Jidda, Arabia, the port of entry for Muslim pilgrims to Mecca. ...read more.


Heattempted to travel northward into Russia from Bulgaria, but was turned back by cold weather. Heading eastward, Ibn Battutah crossed the central Asian steppes, into the lands of the Mongolian Tartars, to Samarkand and the countryof the Uzbeks. He reached Afghanistan by way of the Hindu Kush range, stopping at Kabul and Herat before making his way by the upper Indus River into India. At Delhi, he entered the service of Sultan Mohammed Tuglaq, for whom he worked as judge and legal scholar for seven years. He then was commis-sioned as the sultan?s ambassador to the court of the Mon-gol emperor of China. He left Delhi with gifts for the emperor, but before he could embark from the Malabar Coast port of Goa, he was robbed. Afraid to return to Delhi without the gifts, he sailed for the Maldive Islands in the Indian Ocean, where he obtained another official post and several wives. After less than two years in the Maldives, Ibn Battutah visited Ceylon(present-day Sri Lanka), then returned to the mainland of southeastern India at Madras. ...read more.


In a subsequent journey, Ibn Battutah crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from Tangier and visited the Muslim cities of Spain. He also travelled throughout the lands of the western Mediterranean Sea, including a visit to the island of Sardinia. Ibn Battutah?s travels took him across 75,000 miles in Africa, Asia, and Europe, in the course of which he visited nearly every country in the Islamic world. In the east he reached as far as China, and to the south as far as Mali and the coast of East Africa. In the north, he traveled as far as the edge of the steppes of SIBERIA, and in the west he visited Spain. He was one of the first known explorers of the Sa-hara. His travel account, Rihla(Journey), completed in 1357, became known outside of the Arabic world after the French occupation of North Africa in the 19th century. The record of his travels provides a vivid description of the Mid-dle East, East and West Africa, India, and China in the cen-turybeforethe onset of the age of European exploration. In it, he makes the first written reference to the mountains known as Hindu Kush. Sources: Wikipedia.org Encyclopedia of Exploration ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The North, The South, and Slavery

    MASS, NH, and PENN passed child labor laws with limited results a. 10 hours for children unless parents agreed longer b. Employers had little difficulty getting parents to consent d. Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842) (MASS) i. Unions were legal and strikes were legal weapons 1.

  2. Scramble for africa

    What are the root causes of the Darfur conflict? Are race, religion, and ethnicity amongst them? Why or why not? In May 2006, the US-backed Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) was signed by the Sudanese government and the Minni Minnawi faction of the Sudan Liberation Army.

  1. Ancient China

    The laws and justice system of the Ancient Chinese Civilization mainly the Qin and Han Dynasties were somewhat totalitarian and were based on the theory of legalism.14 The peak of the Legalism theory was in the Qin Dynasty, which placed absolute power in the ruler's hands.

  2. The Grand Bazaar is the public place of the Istanbul and even all the ...

    There are not in such a plan like cheese which observed in West cities and bazaars (Gulersoy, 15.) The dome structure of Bedestens reflects the main architectural characteristic Ottomans. The hans were factories, behind the shops. The merchants produced their handicraft goods in these hans and then present and offer them to the customer in shops.

  1. Current Affairs OA: Iran

    his refusal to expel German engineers and technicians in Iran, all of whom were accused by Britain and the USSR as spies of Germany with missions to sabotage British oil facilities in southwestern Iran as a reason for the arrest. Reza Pahlavi tried developing diplomatic relations with the United States.

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    seen as a means to realize the Maoist ideal for "the masses to make themselves masters of technology," lessen the need for specialized urban universities and schools, forestall the growth of a technological intelligentsia, and thus contribute to the realization of the Marxist goals of abolishing the distinctions between town and countryside and between mental and manual labor.

  1. Comparing Ancient Civilisations - Mesopotamia and Egypt

    Governors were appointed for key regions and were responsible for supervising irrigation and arranging for the great public works that became a hallmark of Egyptian culture. Most Egyptians were peasant farmers, closely regulated and heavily taxed. Labor requisition by the states allowed construction of the great pyramids and other huge public buildings.

  2. Crisis and Collapse in Spain between 1793 and 1808

    Widespread noncompliance in the colonies and the continued need for revenue, however, led the Crown again to allow neutral trade in January 1801. After a brief peace and an attempt to reestablish the prewar system, renewed conflict with England in 1804 forced the reauthorization of neutral trade.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work