• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ibn Battutah, the traveller

Extracts from this document...


Ibn Battutah, the traveller? Ibn Battutah, Abu Abd Allah Muhammad (Ibn Batuta, Ibn Battuta, Abu Abdullah Muhammed ibn Battuta, Muhammed ibn Abdallah ibn Battuta, Mohammed ibn Abdullah ibn Battuta, Abu Abdulla ben Batuta Lahuati, Sheik Muhammad ibn-Abdullah, Abu Allah Muhammed ibn Abd Allah al-Lawati at-Tanji ibn Battutah) (1304?1378) Arab scholar in the Middle East, East Africa, central Asia, India, China, North Africa, and Spain. Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Battutah was born in Tan-gier,Morocco, the son of a qadi,or Muslim judge. Educated in Islamic theology, he supplemented his studies with read-ings of texts about far-off places, which inspired him to take up a life of travel. In 1325, at the age of 21, Ibn Battutah left Tangier on a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. He made his way eastward by way of Tripoli and Misurata on the coast of Libya. From Alexandria, he continued to Cairo, then sailed down the NILE RIVERas far as Syene at present-day Aswan. Ibn Battutah next journeyed to the Red Sea coast, where he planned to board a ship for Jidda, Arabia, the port of entry for Muslim pilgrims to Mecca. ...read more.


Heattempted to travel northward into Russia from Bulgaria, but was turned back by cold weather. Heading eastward, Ibn Battutah crossed the central Asian steppes, into the lands of the Mongolian Tartars, to Samarkand and the countryof the Uzbeks. He reached Afghanistan by way of the Hindu Kush range, stopping at Kabul and Herat before making his way by the upper Indus River into India. At Delhi, he entered the service of Sultan Mohammed Tuglaq, for whom he worked as judge and legal scholar for seven years. He then was commis-sioned as the sultan?s ambassador to the court of the Mon-gol emperor of China. He left Delhi with gifts for the emperor, but before he could embark from the Malabar Coast port of Goa, he was robbed. Afraid to return to Delhi without the gifts, he sailed for the Maldive Islands in the Indian Ocean, where he obtained another official post and several wives. After less than two years in the Maldives, Ibn Battutah visited Ceylon(present-day Sri Lanka), then returned to the mainland of southeastern India at Madras. ...read more.


In a subsequent journey, Ibn Battutah crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from Tangier and visited the Muslim cities of Spain. He also travelled throughout the lands of the western Mediterranean Sea, including a visit to the island of Sardinia. Ibn Battutah?s travels took him across 75,000 miles in Africa, Asia, and Europe, in the course of which he visited nearly every country in the Islamic world. In the east he reached as far as China, and to the south as far as Mali and the coast of East Africa. In the north, he traveled as far as the edge of the steppes of SIBERIA, and in the west he visited Spain. He was one of the first known explorers of the Sa-hara. His travel account, Rihla(Journey), completed in 1357, became known outside of the Arabic world after the French occupation of North Africa in the 19th century. The record of his travels provides a vivid description of the Mid-dle East, East and West Africa, India, and China in the cen-turybeforethe onset of the age of European exploration. In it, he makes the first written reference to the mountains known as Hindu Kush. Sources: Wikipedia.org Encyclopedia of Exploration ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Grand Bazaar is the public place of the Istanbul and even all the ...

    So, the Bedestens were the meeting point of the products and goods, and they were also the meeting point of traders and journeyers. The bazaar was not such a place within sold the home productions, it also had all the remained from Byzantine, Greeks and whichever civilization lived in Istanbul.

  2. Scramble for africa

    READING AND UNDERSTANDING Definitions Ask students to define the following terms with reference to the book: ICC; genocide; Justice and Equality Movement; Sudan Liberation Army; Jafaar Nimeiri; Omar al-Bashir; Salah Abdallah Gosh; UNAMID. Comprehension Look at a map of Africa. Locate Sudan, the Darfur region, and also Chad and Egypt.

  1. The North, The South, and Slavery

    Lines ran from one station and aided the scheduling and routing of trains ii. Provided instant communication between distant cities, tying the nation together like never before iii. Reinforced sectionalism 1. Far more extensive in N than S 2. Linked N and NW, excluded S h.

  2. Ancient China

    In modern Western Civilization, there are many different types of government but they are alike. There is the democratic government where political sovereignty is held by the people and it is either implemented by the citizens or through elected representatives.13 There is also the Federal Republic, which is a federation of states with a republican form of government.

  1. Current Affairs OA: Iran

    the belligerents of the war, including the Ottoman, Russian, and British Empire. In 1925, Reza Shah Pahlavi seized power from the Qajars (a dynasty ruling Iran from 1794 to 1925 under the Qajar family name) and established the new Pahlavi dynasty, the last Persian monarchy before the establishment of the

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    Social Policies: Educational policy: Youth Groups combination of education and production ? to provide peasants with minimal technological knowledge and basic literacy necessary for operation of local rural industries and the future introduction of modern agricultural techniques. Half-work, half-study ideal - new rural school system - served immediate productive needs,

  1. Comparing Ancient Civilisations - Mesopotamia and Egypt

    The first great pyramid was built around 2600 B.C.; the largest pyramid followed about a century later, taking 20 years to complete and containing 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing 5 1/2 tons. Some scholars have seen even larger links between Egypt's stable, centralized politics and its fascination with

  2. Crisis and Collapse in Spain between 1793 and 1808

    Authors could publish political, although not religious, ideas without prior censorship. In march 1812, the cortes promulgated (to make known by open declaration) a constitution. Commonly known as the constitution of 1812, this liberal document declared that sovereignty resided in the nation which alone had the right to establish fundamental laws.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work