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League of Nations

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Introduction

History assignment for week 37 Questions, page 53, chapter 3: The League of Nations. 1 (a) Using the information in this chapter, make two lists: (i) ways in which the League of Nations can be said to have helped progress in international relations; (ii) ways in which the League of Nations did not help progress in international relations; * By establishing the International Labour Organisation (ILO) which had the purpose to improve conditions of labour and it succeeded. * By establishing the Health Organisation which investigated the causes of epidemics, and successfully combating a typhus epidemic in Russia, which was threatening Europe. * By establishing the Mandates Commission whom supervised the government of territories taken from Germany and Turkey. * (By establishing the Refugee Organisation which took care of the former prisoners of war stranded in Russia at the end of the war and after 1933 they gave help to the people fleeing from the Nazi persecution in Germany.) * The League of Nations decision-making concerning the quarrel between Finland and Sweden, the rival claims of Germany and Poland, when the Greeks invaded Bulgaria, when the Turkey claimed the province of Mosul and the squabbles that were settled between Peru and Columbia, and between Bolivia and Paraguay. * All the organisations provided an increase inside welfare, but not as much inside international relations. * None of the listed disputes in row one was threatening to world peace and none of these went against a major state. * The League was twice overruled by the Conference of Ambassadors which showed its weaknesses. ...read more.

Middle

(d)Which do you think were the two most important causes of this failure? Explain your answers fully. In my opinion the one the two most important causes of the failure of the League is that it from start lacked many of the major nations such as Germany, The US and the USSR because it made the work of the League rather unbalanced, to provide a peacekeeping environment the League would need as many nations as possible, and also the fact that Britain and France tried to make Italy an ally against Germany all though Italy actually to some extend defied the League and ended up joining Hitler instead of being the ally of Britain and Germany. And beside this I believe that another one of the two most important causes of the failure of the League is that the will-power of the League started to decrease through the years, especially after the world economic crisis which made all the of the previous failures made by the League come into the surface, like the weaknesses in the Covenant, the lacking of the US which could have been a support financially especially in this period. So the leading powers in the League showed how strong the League itself were, and since both Britain and France had serous economic problems it led to a major decrease in will-power, actually you can turn this around and say that the economic crisis affected the will-power and therefore the exposed the League's weaknesses, and the world economic crisis also led to extreme right-wing governments in Japan and Germany, ...read more.

Conclusion

Both source D and E are speeches, but E manages to explain why the League failed to preserve peace better than D, since E is a comparison of two speeches by Churchill with a difference of two years, 1933-1935, and how the situations according to Churchill might could have been dealt by the League, but by saying that E is better than D doesn't necessarily mean that source E is explaining clearly why the League failed to preserve peace, because it doesn't to extend since it shows how the Conservative Britain dealt with the League and not how the League functioned. To return to source E which is an speech by the British Foreign Secretary Sir Samuel Hoare to the League at Geneva in 1935, and Hoare point out the British support for the League and the fact that the League is under a massive pressure because of the Abyssinia crises, which was one of the main failures of the League, but it doesn't explain as such. Source F is both lacking origin, since it is from a book by Harry Hansen without year, and value, because source F is rather subjective especially in the last line where it says:" If a nation can sit in sackcloth and ashes, the United States should do so for its selfish rejection of the League.". And the purpose of the source is to show how selfish the Americans were when they rejected the League, but that is also one of the explanations why the League failed to preserve peace but the limitations of the source comes in the way of the explaining. ...read more.

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