• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Napoleon III contributions to the Italian unification.

Extracts from this document...


Fernando Lutfalla Napoleon III contributions to the Italian unification. Louis Napoleon went to live on Florence after being expelled from Rome. This was because of a foolish scheme he made to capture the Pope's castle of St Angelo and then lead a conspiracy to proclaim his cousin the King of Italy. When he moved to Florence he became involved in another conspiracy organized by Menotti, in Modena and the Papal states. The conspiracies of 1830-1 mark the beginning of his love affair with Italian Nationalism. He was also a man who wished to help the Italians and in the end it was with his assistance that Italian freedom was achieved. In March 1849 the Roman Republic was proclaimed. The pope had taken refuge in Naples and appealed to the catholic powers of Europe for help. Decisive action came from Napoleon III. He knew that the Austrians occupying Tuscany and the northern part of the Italy were soon going to become a threat to Rome. ...read more.


abolition of the old autocratic government, Victor Emmanuel and Cavour by the expansion of Piedmont, the clergy by the increase in the pope's temporal power, French nationalists by the gain of new territories and the replacement of Austrian influence by that of France and the Bonapartes by the extension of family power. Napoleon also had great contribution on the war 1859. When Piedmont refused an ultimatum of Austria, Austria declared war on Piedmont and Napoleon declared war on Austria helping piedmont. He sent troops and the Austrians were heavily defeated at Magenta on 4 June and Solferino on 24 June. However the carnage at both battles was horrific. The Austrian Emperor, Victor Emmanuel and Napoleon where all shocked at what they saw. As a military leader Napoleon was well intentioned but incompetent and quite unable to deal with the problems which faced him after sofrino. Some of these problems were the growing criticism in France of the whole Italian adventure and failure on military and financial support. ...read more.


This happened because at that time the Austro- Prussian war was happing to see who would unify with Germany. And so beforehand Italy made a deal with Prussia that if they went to war with Austria in two months, Italy will join them and if they won, Venetia would go back to Italy. So we can see how Napoleon insured a 100% guarantee that Venetia would go back to Italy. As in the case with Rome, it was liberated by the French troops when they went to fight the Franco-Prussian War. And as Napoleon was taking Prisoner Victor Emmanuel took over Rome. So we can see that unintentionally Napoleon contributed as when his troops left Rome, it led to a total Italian Unification. Overall, I think Napoleon contributed a lot to the unification as limited the Austrian influence in various places like Piedmont and helped the rest of the provinces to get under Italian influence. Also all of this happened because of his love affair with Italian nationalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    He did so when he was in exile in Marseilles - His greatest achievement was putting forth the idea of Italian national identity - Young Italy really only had emphasis in Central and Northern Italy - According to Mazzini, there were 40 members in 1831, and it grew up to

  2. To what extent was Napoleon III responsible for the unification of Italy?

    The people were left to decide their destiny, and almost unanimously they elected to join Sardinia. This accession was owed wholly to Napoleon and the aid he had provided. Napoleon's involvement helped Sardinia add about 9,000,000 to its population. This helped create the Northern Italian Kingdom and was the starting point of Italian unification.

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    It was directed by the political police and directed revolutionary justice. Secret police had a group of spies. 3) Revolutionary Tribunal-> it was a court, instituted in Paris by the National Convention for the trial of political offenders. March 1793-> on the proposal of Danton the National Convention established Revolutionary Tribunal.

  2. The Unification of Germany

    However, Bismarck knew Austria was a strong military power and therefore he invested in new allies. He turned to Italy and in 1866 a treaty was signed, that said that if Austria declared war on Prussia, Italy would follow Prussia.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Even the wearing of a moustache or beard, supposedly signs of radicalism, could lead to arrest. The Papal States � Similar uprisings took place in the Papal States, organised this time by the professional classes who resented the oppressive rule of the Church authorities.

  2. Unification of Italy

    This shows that foreign help played an important part in Italy's independence. Pope Pius IX also wanted a unified country but he was not prepared to go against Austria's authority. He condemned the war between Charles Albert and a catholic Austria which made him look like an enemy of the independence of Italy.

  1. Assess the relative importance of Mazzini, Cavour, and Garibaldi to the unification of Italy ...

    Few months later Mazzini wrote to Charles Albert persuading him to take the lead in efforts to grant the independence of Italy. On August 1831, Mazzini was forced to move out from France and later he was based in Switzerland.

  2. Italian Unification: True Father of Italy

    However, from observing historical events, Garibaldi played a more significant role in the Italian Unification. In other words, Garibaldi was the one who accomplished the 'self-revised' Piedmontese agenda with the help of Cavour. Garibaldi was a man of action yet a romanticist and a populist who had charisma, and liberal revolutionary qualities which Cavour and the rest did not have.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work