• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Napoleon III contributions to the Italian unification.

Extracts from this document...


Fernando Lutfalla Napoleon III contributions to the Italian unification. Louis Napoleon went to live on Florence after being expelled from Rome. This was because of a foolish scheme he made to capture the Pope's castle of St Angelo and then lead a conspiracy to proclaim his cousin the King of Italy. When he moved to Florence he became involved in another conspiracy organized by Menotti, in Modena and the Papal states. The conspiracies of 1830-1 mark the beginning of his love affair with Italian Nationalism. He was also a man who wished to help the Italians and in the end it was with his assistance that Italian freedom was achieved. In March 1849 the Roman Republic was proclaimed. The pope had taken refuge in Naples and appealed to the catholic powers of Europe for help. Decisive action came from Napoleon III. He knew that the Austrians occupying Tuscany and the northern part of the Italy were soon going to become a threat to Rome. ...read more.


abolition of the old autocratic government, Victor Emmanuel and Cavour by the expansion of Piedmont, the clergy by the increase in the pope's temporal power, French nationalists by the gain of new territories and the replacement of Austrian influence by that of France and the Bonapartes by the extension of family power. Napoleon also had great contribution on the war 1859. When Piedmont refused an ultimatum of Austria, Austria declared war on Piedmont and Napoleon declared war on Austria helping piedmont. He sent troops and the Austrians were heavily defeated at Magenta on 4 June and Solferino on 24 June. However the carnage at both battles was horrific. The Austrian Emperor, Victor Emmanuel and Napoleon where all shocked at what they saw. As a military leader Napoleon was well intentioned but incompetent and quite unable to deal with the problems which faced him after sofrino. Some of these problems were the growing criticism in France of the whole Italian adventure and failure on military and financial support. ...read more.


This happened because at that time the Austro- Prussian war was happing to see who would unify with Germany. And so beforehand Italy made a deal with Prussia that if they went to war with Austria in two months, Italy will join them and if they won, Venetia would go back to Italy. So we can see how Napoleon insured a 100% guarantee that Venetia would go back to Italy. As in the case with Rome, it was liberated by the French troops when they went to fight the Franco-Prussian War. And as Napoleon was taking Prisoner Victor Emmanuel took over Rome. So we can see that unintentionally Napoleon contributed as when his troops left Rome, it led to a total Italian Unification. Overall, I think Napoleon contributed a lot to the unification as limited the Austrian influence in various places like Piedmont and helped the rest of the provinces to get under Italian influence. Also all of this happened because of his love affair with Italian nationalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    He did so when he was in exile in Marseilles - His greatest achievement was putting forth the idea of Italian national identity - Young Italy really only had emphasis in Central and Northern Italy - According to Mazzini, there were 40 members in 1831, and it grew up to

  2. The Unification of Germany

    He had a very clear outline from an early stage. Finally, Austria and Prussia went into open war. It began when Prussia invaded Holstein and declaring it a German state. Austria had a bigger army, but Prussia's armies were better equipped due to the army reforms made in 1862.

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    Brissot and other Girondins were executed. * After purging the Girondins, the Jacobin Dictatorship began. (new face of the French revolution) June 1793- July 1794-> Jacobin Dictatorship (September 1793-July 1794 ->The Reign of Terror, it took place during the Jacobin Dictatorship). Jacobins used guillotine and terror to fight with the enemy.

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    The papal government put up little resistance and a provisional government known as 'The Government of the Italian Provinces' was formed in Bologna in February 1831 � It did not last long. Once more the power of the Austrian army proved decisive, Metternich's troops moved into the Papal States and defeated the rebels.

  1. Italaian Unification Notes

    for south unification was like colonization by Piedmont * southern opinion turned against Emmanuel - law and order broke down * troops were committed to peacekeeping * more lived were lost in all the 'brigands' war' than were lost in all the battles for unification * Pope's hostility to the

  2. To what extent was Napoleon III responsible for the unification of Italy?

    Napoleon's participation in the war was very effective; for Austria to be able to stand up to both French and Piedmontese armies, it would have to gather its scattered troops from the borders and the peninsula. Napoleon was credited with taking part in the first step towards the removal of Austrian control as its presence was slowly diminishing.

  1. Unification of Italy

    As Metternich said: "We expected everything, except a liberal Pope". The reasons why the revolution of 1848 failed are quite obvious but why did Mazzini, Charles Albert and Pope Pius IX failed to unify Italy before 1850? Mazzini, Pius IX and Charles Albert even so wanted a united Italy had different political philosophy on how to achieve it.

  2. Assess the relative importance of Mazzini, Cavour, and Garibaldi to the unification of Italy ...

    Society which aimed at the liberation of Italy from domestic/foreign dictatorship and at the political unification of Italy under a republican form of government. In April 1831, there was a change of monarch in Sardinia-Piedmont with the succession of Charles Albert who was known to have relations with the Carbonari.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work