• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Notes on the Causes of the American Civil War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Harsh Patel Causes of the American Civil War ________________ American Political System 1. 1787 Constitution- Federal (central) and individual governments. 2. Legislative, Executive and Judicial Branches of government. 3. State Government tended to replicate the Federal Government. 4. By 1820s almost all white males could vote. 5. President Andrew Jackson is usually credited with extending the franchise to most Americans. 6. By the mid 19th Century there were two main Political Parties ?The Democrats and Whigs. The American people ELECT Congress (The legislative) Congress makes the laws, has the power of the purse, declares war and checks the work of the President. Senate House of representatives 1. 2 senators represent each state 2. Senators sit for 6 years 1/3 comes up for re-election every 2 years. 1. Members of the House represent Constituencies based on population. 2. The house is elected en masse every 2 years. 1. Both house of congress need to agree before a law can be carried out. 2. Congress may override a Presidential veto. 3. Congress may impeach and remove the President from office. The president (The Executive) 1. Elected every 4 years 2. ...read more.

Middle

suggest that slave conditions were not so bad 6. Only a few hundred slaves per year tried to escape north or to Canada. 7. Some slaves were granted or earned enough to buy their freedom The Nature of Slavery- Harsh view 1. Slaves could be sold, punished, sexually exploited, and killed by the owners 2. Firm discipline and corporal punishment seems to be the norm (flogged and branded) 3. Slave families and marriages were broken by forced separation 4. By the 1850s few slaves were granted freedom 5. Most fugitive slaves were severely punished 6. Slaves took every opportunity to get out of slavery- The Civil war. Was Slavery Profitable? 1. The South had little incentive to industrialize 2. Slavery allowed for cotton profits to soar 3. By 1860? slavery was flourishing in the South 4. The global demand for cotton had not slowed as it was expected to. 5. Slavery on the other hand allowed the South to only focus on cotton and plantation life. Free Blacks In the North: Some 200 000 Blacks lived in the North. They suffered from discrimination only three states allowed blacks to vote on terms of complete parity with whites in 1860 In the South: By 1860 there were 250 000 free blacks in the South. ...read more.

Conclusion

Northerner?s and Taylor supported New Mexico 8. A clash between the state and the US army seemed imminent 9. Southerners called together a convention in 1849 in Nashville for all southern states to meet 10. Their main aim was to adopt some mode of resistance to Northern aggression 11. Bitter divides were created in Congress 12. Southerners were also enraged that Northern states were harboring fugitive slaves and not upholding the law The 1850 Compromise 1. Taylor was determined not to make concessions to the South. Talk secession did not worry him 2. Whig elder statesman Henry Clay was worried and offered the Senate a resolution of compromises 3. California was to be admitted as a free state 4. Utah and New Mexico were to be organized as territories without any mention of slavery 5. Slave trading should end in Washington, DC 6. A more stringent Fugitive Slave Act was intended to placate the South 7. Texas should surrender the disputed land to New Mexico. In return Congress would assume the $10 million debt which Texas still owed 8. July 1850- Taylor who opposed the compromise, died. Fillmore a Northern Whig took over. 9. Fillmore although sympathetic to Clay?s compromise could not prevent it from being defeated 10. Senator Stephan Douglas took each part of the compromise and submitted them individually 11. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    It provoked much opposition in France. Many clerics were against it (because of the limitation of pope's jurisdiction to spiritual affairs) November 1790-> National Assembly ordered the clergy to declare the support of the Constitution. Priests divided into refractory (nieposluszni)

  2. How did the American anticommunism beliefs help advance the civil rights movement in the ...

    In the first half of the twentieth century, segregation had already taken its toll in the country, mostly in the Southern states. Due to the rise of communism, Hoover's efforts towards evicting any suspected communists also consisted of those against segregation, whom were mostly black citizens.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    The Austrians treated Piedmont leniently fearing French intervention. The Roman Republic � In Rome, the murder of Count Rossi, the Pope's unpopular chief minister, in November 1848, triggered rioting. The Pope fled to Naples while the government he left behind announced a programme of reform, including the holding of a meeting of elected representatives from all parts of Italy.

  2. the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

    In his short period of control he suspended the constitution and banned political parties, thereby increasing political tension in the country. In 1923, after Spain experienced a bloodless coup, the popular calls for a republic grew. However it was not until the 1930s that Rivera lost all forms of support and was forced to resign.

  1. Industry vs Agriculture: The Economics Leading to the Civil War

    because it would be more costly for them to buy the goods they needed. Tariffs were just another reason for separation and war (Economics and the Civil War). In conclusion, there were many economic factors that contributed to the separation of the United States and thus the Civil War.

  2. What were the intentions of President Harry S. Truman and General Douglas MacArthur regarding ...

    The most significant event which ensured the status of MacArthur as the war hero of South Korea was the amphibious Inchon landing known as "Operation Chromite" on September 15, 1950. By August, KPA pushed the ROK Army to Pusan city, the extreme southeastern point of Korea, threatening the ROK.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    and changed in the voting system (electorate reduced by 2/3 in St Petersburg) strengthened autocracy and noble?s control over the country side while weakening peasant control. Peasantry and Social Policy 1. Land Captains and repression was so severe that some feared a return to serfdom.

  2. Analyse the causes of the Spanish Civil War

    The most extreme anarchists were called the FAI (Spanish Anarchist Federation), which came about with the ideas of bombing and assassinations. Following the long term causes which were mentioned previously, the Spanish Army and the Church also played a significant role.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work