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The League of Nations - Although the League of Nations had several successes, it is considered to be a complete failure because it was a kind of an organization which was created for the benefits of its leader nations, it enforced the provisions of the Tr

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Lyrics of a Failure Song The European nations as well as many other countries around the world had fought in a war that the human history has never seen before. This war caused millions of people to die and was known as the World War One (WWI), or the Great War. The European participants of the war experienced massive economic and social destruction since it was centered on Europe. In the wake of WWI Woodrow Wilson, the president of the United States at that time, outlined his views on peacekeeping with his famous speech called, the "Fourteen Points." The last point of this speech was the creation of an international body, named the League of Nations (LoN). Its purposes were to maintain peace worldwide and, cooperating with each other (member countries), to improve the economic and social conditions of countries that were damaged after the WWI. Many countries joined the League seeking for their benefits. During its time the League experienced both successes and failures. The League had a small number of minor successes preventing war. Although the League of Nations had several successes, it is considered to be a complete failure because it was a kind of an organization which was created for the benefits of its leader nations, it enforced the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles which was hated by many countries, and ineffectiveness of the League's sanctions led to its further weakening. [1] The League of Nations was the older equivalent of today's United Nations. ...read more.


[8] Just as Germany, Russia, also known as USSR, was also excluded from the League of Nations. There was a different reason lying behind Russia's exclusion and that was due to the adoption of communism in Russia. Not considering the two potentially powerful countries of Europe as part of the League ended up in tension rather than reconciliation. The two found the solution in acting together on their interests. They signed the Treaty of Rapallo which would support their economic recovery after WWI. [9] With the aid of the treaty Germany began training her soldiers in the Russian territory, thus violating disarmament provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. The League was supposed to enforce the reduction of the army sizes of countries and that was another common point between the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles. Violating this common point Germany showed his anger towards the leaders of the League and proved how ineffective their policy was. Germany and Russia were regaining their strength with the agreement which meant a threat to the newly formed small states. [10] Afterwards, USSR and Germany became part of the League. They, however, quitted from the League because of the disagreement about military sizes. Albeit the League supported the disarmament of nations, there were several conflicts and invasions happening. [11] However, there should not have been any conflicts since the purpose of disarmament was to decrease chance of a war. As a result, the exclusion of Russia and Germany brought a weakness to the League, which would end up in taking the League's last breath. ...read more.


[11] Moreover, the League attained successes in social improvements, such as the problems of refugees and famine relief; and it also controlled drug areas. [11] On the other hand, the weaknesses of the League were very crucial. The absence of the U.S. had negative impacts on the League as the British and the French were not ready to take care of all member countries. Instead of seeking benefits for all the states, France and Britain sought benefits only for themselves which undermined the strength of the League. A great deal of countries thought the Treaty of Versailles was unfair and harsh, still France and Britain were, initially, enforcing the provisions of the treaty. They could not foresee the consequences of their action. If only they knew another global war was coming because of them... Another major failure of the League was its sanctions. They had absolutely no sense. Many people believe, without hesitation, that without sanctions the League would have survived more. Once again the major European powers, France and Britain, proved that their series of mistakes, under the title of "keeping peace;" led to bigger troubles, conflicts, and eventually a future global war. The League of Nations pushes people think that if it had included USA, Germany, and USSR the history would have been written differently. At least, the failure of the League had taught the powerful countries a very important lesson because the United Nations, a new version of LoN which was established after the World War Two, still exists nowadays. ...read more.

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