• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Nature of Revolutions Leon Trotsky once remarked that if poverty was the cause of revolutions, there would be constant revolutions because most people in the world are poor.

Extracts from this document...


Morgan Caruso Grade 11 IB The Nature of Revolutions Leon Trotsky once remarked that if poverty was the cause of revolutions, there would be constant revolutions because most people in the world are poor. What is needed to turn a million people's discontent into a crowd on the streets is not hunger or poverty, its suffering. Whether the suffering comes in the form of violence, oppression, economic stance, or lack of resources, what causes people to revolt against their government or leader is their desire for change. Change is inevitable when a community starts asking questions; regardless of whether they get the answers they are looking for; because they recognise their ability to provoke a change. The most important part of change is realizing the answers in the long run not just the primary target. The Russian revolution took place in 1917, and the transformation which occurred replaced the Russian traditional monarchy with the world's first communist state led my Vladimir Lenin. The underlying causes of this very abrupt revolution could be traced back to Nicholas I's reign. For centuries as the autocratic and repressive tsarist regimes ruled, a massive percentage of the population lived under dire economic and social conditions with brutal oppression the Tsar imposed, in addition to severe measures to subdue resistance movements. ...read more.


However, none of these demonstrations can be traced back to a single issue. In Tunisia, they were overthrown because of mass corruption within the government. The uprising in Egypt originated as a cause of unemployment and increased costs of daily necessities. In Bahrain, there is a divide in equality between Islamic denominations. The population of these countries have realized the impact and influence that they have made through the protests and demonstrations. Their initial goal was to attain an answer, some sort of response in regards to the issue's they face, but once the notion that their debate has been taken to attention and even if they are unsuccessful, their impact on society's preconceived notions of their ability to develop a change. A revolution does not happen overnight. It is a gradual development of the grassroots in a society. It starts off with a group of 'unknown people' with the same incentive and goal, and who have a likeminded opinion. It arises similarly to a government triangle, you have to start from the very bottom and slowly confront each layer before reaching a point where you are able to acquire power over the rest. Validated in the obituary of Howard Zinn, "His primary concern was "the countless small actions of unknown people" that lie at the roots of "those great moments" that enter the ...read more.


This newfound access to communication through social media has tremendously boosted the spread of information, blogs can be broadcasted and videos can be uploaded at any given place and time through to the rest of the world. The movements of the Jasmine revolution have all developed in a matter of months; what they have been able to accomplish, would have taken parties in the Civil rights movement and Russian revolution years of bloodshed and violence, because of a lack in communication tools. Now governments are unable to spew propaganda, and regular people are able to voice themselves. Hence, protestors and revolutionaries in the Middle East have had the advantage of social media. When people create an opposition; the government eliminates or threatens the leader of that group. This is what influences people for a reaction. When people suffer, they begin to vocalize. There is a huge potential intact in the people that are experiencing change for becoming invested in the political process. It starts when citizens in low income communities start to focus on key decisions that deeply impact their lives. When they start asking questions on those decisions, they discover previously unnoticed connections between their own lives and the decisions that 'someone else, somewhere else' has made for them. This is when people realize their untapped ability to conspire a change. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Italy before WWI - poverty and migration.

    These factors and also low industrialization (which mainly occurred in the north) is why at the end of the 19th century, Italy stayed mainly as an agricultural country. The situation in the countryside at that time could be described as feudalistic pre-capitalism.

  2. Comparing the Causes of the French and Russian Revolutions

    Bad weather struck France during the 1780's and caused a bad harvest of bread. Bread supply decreased and bread prices sky-rocketed. By 1789, bread prices were doubled and the lower class workers, who usually had to buy their own bread, couldn't afford the prices and faced starvation (Beck 219).

  1. The influence of socialism on the development of universal human rights

    These socialistic ideas became laws and this can be seen as a big achievement. Between March and May 1871, French socialists and anarchists set up the Paris Commune. The Communards demanded rights for the working class, the development of workers' cooperatives, reduction of working hours, free public education for all children, universal suffrage and housing rights.

  2. Analyse the short and long term causes of the 1917 Feb/March Russian Revolution

    The Duma and zemstva developed their own organisation to co-ordinate the war effort and to organise aid for those affected by war. Dominated by liberals and industrialists, these became the nucleus of an alternative government, which was a dangerous development for Nicholas II.

  1. Effects of Nasser on Egyptian Society

    Although Said K Aburish argues that Nasser did not know about the inhuman conditions he kept his prisoners in, the process of outlawing and persecuting the Muslim Brotherhood from January 1954 onwards through up questions in society. Why is a state running under the banner of Islamic Socialism persecuting and torturing members of a Islamic organisation?

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Firm supporter of autocracy and admired Alexander III yet had critics among thr aristocracy which contributed to his dismissal in 1903. 4. Recognized urgency of modernization and supported the 1905 movement for political and constitutional reform which he saw as the compliment to his economic modernization.

  1. What was the main cause of the French Revolution?

    This parliament was essentially useless as not only did the nobility and clergy hold much more power than the peasants but the parliament held no power itself and from 1614 to 1789, the parliament never met meaning all the power of France was, one could argue vested upon the King.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The plan was rejected by both sides. However, the implications of 1982 were that the US came to play a more objective role in the Middle East crisis, which set the stage for more successful peace negotiations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work