• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent can Napoleon be considered the "Son of the Revolution"?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent can Napoleon be considered the "Son of the Revolution"? Napoleon Bonaparte has been described to have been a "Son of the Revolution" by many people. If a son can be described as someone who will naturally follow the ideas of his father, did Napoleon support the principles of the Revolution in order to reach total power and success in his empire? Before the French Revolution, France was in a critical state, where there was great social inequality between communal estates (classes). The lower class complained about the lack of rights and of the overwhelming taxation system and the bourgeoisie (middle class) complained about the privileges given to the aristocracy and clergy (upper class). The popular will was to overcome the monarchy and the feudalism; and to apply a new type of government based on the three ideals, "libert�, �galit�, fraternit�". By 1795, The Directory had not yet worked, resulting in a continuation of the revolution. ...read more.

Middle

Napoleon believed sovereignty of the public would not entitle people to a say in the government but with to a ruler who would govern them as they pleased. He believed people wanted him; he portrayed himself as an enlightened despot. The "son" had now destroyed one of the three pillars imposed by his "father" as he was closest to the Ancien Regime than to the Revolution, in 1808. Equality, perhaps the most important of the revolutions principles was another ideal torn apart by Napoleon. Napoleon confirmed the abolition of Feudalism, also established a civil code which states equality in relation to legislation and laws. The right to own property was also safe, but that was about it. His Legion of Honour, and the awarding of titles and honours was a clearly a contradiction to equality as these could be bought and kept for life. He claimed that everyone had the chance to be a Duke or have a title but this was untrue, the Nobility was strictly made of the old Nobility, the Bourgeoisie and other people who were awarded for military services. ...read more.

Conclusion

I can conclude that Napoleon in fact brought the Revolution to an end. He had no passion for the principles of the revolution. Napoleon, a son of the revolution, having used it as a stepping stone to grow and reach his final title of Emperor. The son learnt that equality, fraternity and liberty could not rule an empire; they would bring failure and terror to his government. Nevertheless, he centralized his power and willingly used his army to alter the make up of the governments, which were ideas of the Directory. Napoleon retrieved the ideas he thought were necessary and would bring him success form his "father" but others, were discarded. Napoleon was in fact a creation of the revolution as he rose to power because of the situation France was in, though he did not back up its principles using his own ideals created from a combination of both the Revolution and the Monarchy. ?? ?? ?? ?? Eduardo Castello Branco 10M History HL Sources: Napoleon: For and Against - P. Geyl (1949) Napoleon, France and Europe - Andrina Stiles and Dylan Reses From Napoleon to the Second International - AJP. Taylor ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    in their chateaux (zamek na wsi). They lived off (utrzymywali sie z ) rents paid by peasants, they hunted and played cards. Some of them they were working on their fields and living on the level of peasants, but in case of the law they were equal with the rest of the nobility.

  2. Revision notes - Causes of the French Revolution and the Development of the Revolution ...

    Encouraged by the popular orators such as Camille Desmoulins, on 12-13th July the poorer citizens of Paris began raiding gun shops and swords smiths in an attempt to provide themselves with weapons. Order broke down as some of the French guards began to listen to the revolutionary speakers and other royal troops were forced from the street.

  1. Napoleon: Son or Enemy of the Revolution

    In addition, he hired several artists to design paintings of himself, where he appears to be a powerful and an extraordinary leader. An especially controversial issue was egalitarianism. Napoleon introduced modification, changing the legal system, which was based on the revolutionary aims and the Civil Code.

  2. To What Extent Was Stalin's Regime Based On Terror

    Politically, the purges were the important aspect and there is no doubt that Stalin made use of terror in those. According to R. Tucker, Stalin used the purges 'to achieve an unrestricted personal dictatorship with a totality of power that Stalin did not yet possess in 1934.'

  1. Russia 1905 revolution

    Their wages were low just about 25 to 30 per cent of the British workers. Their working hours were long -- usually 15 hours a day. Their living conditions were intolerable--they were crowded together in barracks where there were no healthy and sanitary facilities.

  2. French Revolution: Success or Failure?

    France people celebrate this holiday to symbolize not only the uprising of the modern nation but also the downfall of monarchy. France is one of the countries that have strong nationality in Europe and this nationalism is actually reinforced through the French Revolution.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Supported nobles who opposed Milyutin?s liberalization of the army and changes in recruitment in 1874. 4. In the ?party of action? previous to the Russo-Turkish war while Alexander tried to prevent Russ-Turkish conflict. 5. Stressed positive features of Russia?s past Alexander II had worked to end and pledged to reverse judicial reforms once he became Tsar.

  2. To what extent did women gain social equality during the 1920s?

    Flappers wore skirts to mid-calf, lowered necklines, &cast off the corset. Some flappers played sports, drank, smoked, or danced the fox trot. (Langley 213) Previous to the 1920?s, these style changes and new activities were unheard of for women. Along with new rights, women started to receive new jobs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work