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To what extent were Stalin(TM)s five-year plans successful?

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Introduction

To what extent were Stalin's five-year plans successful? In 1931 Stalin addressed the public of Russia with a speech that showed Stalin felt Russia had fallen behind greatly in terms of economic growth when compared to the leading countries of the time. He also clearly showed his fear of being attacked and taken over by these other countries if they did not quickly make up the lag. In order to do this, Stalin went through three, five year plans, that were set to bring the country very quickly and efficiently up to the level of the countries he feared would try to "crush" his country of communism, namely capitalist countries such as the United States of America and Great Britain. Stalin proposed his first five year plan started in 1928 and was initially supposed to work through its course and end five years later, but in December of 1929, Stalin declared the plan was now being moved into a four year plan and thus the progress would have to be made faster and quicker. ...read more.

Middle

All the farmers were also very depressed and thus were not enthusiastic about their jobs, which lead to a decline in production of food. The first year plan that was based on producing more food was actually done so in order to ensure more food would be available to the workers in the industrial jobs. Stalin felt that their industry had a lost a lot of time in terms of development and would now have to make up for that loss. This was done so by focusing the industrial companies on what is known as heavy industry/primary industry such as electricity, iron, oil and machine building. In order for these industries to work Stalin asked for them to be set up outside of the main rural areas. There was also much development made on roads and railways. The second five-year plan began a year early in 1932. These years aimed to bring back the popularity of Stalin and win the people over to the positive side again. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the end this plan was a difficult one to pull through because Russia was beginning to feel international threat and thus began producing arms in order to be well prepared for any wars that were upcoming which obviously meant lack of resources and attention being focused on the needed commodities and thus the people in general suffered from lack of goods. Also a great number of men were lost to the armed forces meaning yet again a transfer of resources, which in turn leads to a decrease in production. To conclude one might say some good did take place during the five-year plans but the fact bluntly remains that the negatives out weigh the positives. A lot of lives were lost during these years due to lack of food and basic commodities. A lot of rebellion against the collective farms took place and generally they were dealt with through deaths or concentration camps. Thus one could say Stalin's plans did barely any good and caused more destruction than anything else. ...read more.

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