• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

Extracts from this document...


WHY DID WAR TIME FRIENDS BECOME COLD WAR ENEMIES? DANIEL ROJAS As soon as WWII broke up, winning powers, especially the USA and the USSR, began a period of hostility between each other. This period of disagreement extended up until the 1980's, and became known as the Cold War, mainly because no actual fighting occurred between the two superpowers, despite the dangerous tensions growing between them. The development of the Cold War can be attributed to a series of events between the end of World War II and 1949, each event having a certain degree of importance within what is regarded as the causes of this period of 'passive' hostility, although none of these events stands out as a crucial point in the initiation of the Cold War. To begin with, historians have formulated different views and explanations for the occurrence of the Cold War: Some agree that the USSR was to blame. Stalin planned communist spread throughout the world and the takeover of Eastern Europe was an example of this. Others agree that the USA was to take the blame. ...read more.


However The idea of the USSR playing a part in running the rich German industrial area of the Ruhr was rejected by Truman, which can be an argument that supports both views: that the USSR was to blame because of the expansion of communism, in this case over Germany, but at the same time, the USA can be blamed for not letting it strengthen its position over Europe, as the USA was doing by rejecting the proposal. Truman additionally blocked the idea of the Soviet Union sharing the occupation of Japan, though Stalin also rejected the proposal that Britain and USA should have a greater influence in Eastern Europe, showing an example which might be supported by those who believe that the USA was to blame, although the latter is a fact most probably used as an argument by historians who blame the USSR for the occurrence of the Cold War. Another point of inflection on the development of a Cold War by 1945 was a reciprocal military fear the USA and the USSR had on each other. Being both nations military super powers they had their concerns on each other creating a war on military expenditure for both sides. ...read more.


Because of these reasons, the Soviet Union also forbade her satellite countries (the eastern European countries) to accept Marshall Aid. In 1949, Russia tried to counter the Marshal Plan -by offering financial aid to her satellites under the Molotov Plan. With the proclamation of the Truman Doctrine of March 1947 and the launching of the Marshall Plan, the United States was clearly leading the western nations to resist Russian Communist expansionist activities in Europe. Cold War had begun. To conclude with, there are several events that agree that the USSR was to blame; that Stalin planned communist spread throughout the world. Likewise, there are several other events that support the view that the USA was to take the blame; that Soviet actions were merely defensive and that the USA wanted to control its area of influence, but refused to allow the Soviet Union to do the same. Thirdly, there are also events that support the view that neither of the superpowers was to be blamed; that the Cold War was based on misunderstanding. As shown previously, there is no event that stands out as a crucial sole factor that caused the Cold War, but instead a series of factors that built it between the end of WWII and 1949. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why were the central powers defeated in the First World War

    Austria-Hungary had also faced problems fighting Russia. Austria-Hungary was also a multi-national empire and so people the Czechs, the Serbs, the Bosnians refused to fight for Austria-Hungary. And when Austria-Hungary new emperor Charles became emperor he wanted to make peace and so he surrendered.

  2. Assess the reasons affecting the end of the Cold War.

    not fund, this produced bankruptcy and discontentment in the Soviet Union sparking revolutions, as more money was being diverted to defense spending instead of improving the lives of the people. Also with a less hardline president, the Soviet Union might have existed for a much longer time maybe even up

  1. Who was responsible for the Cold War?

    Placing Nuclear Weapons in the 'Uncle Sam's backyard' was incredibly provocative and so in this case Russia was clearly guilty of practising the same kind of 'imperialism' that it accused the United States of. However it is also interesting to note that this crisis was only resolved when Kennedy promised to remove Missiles from Turkey.

  2. Causes of WWII

    * Failed to encourage a firmer stance from France over the Rhineland * Failed to support Czechs at Munich * Commited to war to support Poland after appeasement thus Hitler did not believe that Britain would go to war over Poland.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Loss of control 1. Concessions to meet the demands of the Petrograd Soviet backfired, by lifting censorship it lost its power to mould public opinion in its favor. When it decided to continue the war much anti-war propaganda was directed directly against the government.

  2. The Importance of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan in the Development of ...

    So as the USA prospered in the desperate situation, Stalin grew more frustrated as he was not profiting in the same way and there was more antipathy between the two states. The Capitalist American policy was containment. It was built on Kennan's long telegram which stated that the USSR would

  1. For what reasons, and with what results, was Germany a centre of Cold War ...

    The Soviets sealed off railroads and highways to the Western bloc of Berlin, effectively cutting it off from the Western Allied sector of Germany. Thus West Berlin was deprived from all the facilities and benefits received by other areas of West Germany.

  2. To what extent was Germany the focus of Cold War hostility between 1945 and ...

    The division of Germany into East Germany (GDR) and west (FDR) had many consequences as economic and political differences existed in the two Germanys. The west had received the Marshall aid whereas the east had not, thus the East Germans wanted to move towards to the west.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work