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Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

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WHY DID WAR TIME FRIENDS BECOME COLD WAR ENEMIES? DANIEL ROJAS As soon as WWII broke up, winning powers, especially the USA and the USSR, began a period of hostility between each other. This period of disagreement extended up until the 1980's, and became known as the Cold War, mainly because no actual fighting occurred between the two superpowers, despite the dangerous tensions growing between them. The development of the Cold War can be attributed to a series of events between the end of World War II and 1949, each event having a certain degree of importance within what is regarded as the causes of this period of 'passive' hostility, although none of these events stands out as a crucial point in the initiation of the Cold War. To begin with, historians have formulated different views and explanations for the occurrence of the Cold War: Some agree that the USSR was to blame. Stalin planned communist spread throughout the world and the takeover of Eastern Europe was an example of this. Others agree that the USA was to take the blame. ...read more.


However The idea of the USSR playing a part in running the rich German industrial area of the Ruhr was rejected by Truman, which can be an argument that supports both views: that the USSR was to blame because of the expansion of communism, in this case over Germany, but at the same time, the USA can be blamed for not letting it strengthen its position over Europe, as the USA was doing by rejecting the proposal. Truman additionally blocked the idea of the Soviet Union sharing the occupation of Japan, though Stalin also rejected the proposal that Britain and USA should have a greater influence in Eastern Europe, showing an example which might be supported by those who believe that the USA was to blame, although the latter is a fact most probably used as an argument by historians who blame the USSR for the occurrence of the Cold War. Another point of inflection on the development of a Cold War by 1945 was a reciprocal military fear the USA and the USSR had on each other. Being both nations military super powers they had their concerns on each other creating a war on military expenditure for both sides. ...read more.


Because of these reasons, the Soviet Union also forbade her satellite countries (the eastern European countries) to accept Marshall Aid. In 1949, Russia tried to counter the Marshal Plan -by offering financial aid to her satellites under the Molotov Plan. With the proclamation of the Truman Doctrine of March 1947 and the launching of the Marshall Plan, the United States was clearly leading the western nations to resist Russian Communist expansionist activities in Europe. Cold War had begun. To conclude with, there are several events that agree that the USSR was to blame; that Stalin planned communist spread throughout the world. Likewise, there are several other events that support the view that the USA was to take the blame; that Soviet actions were merely defensive and that the USA wanted to control its area of influence, but refused to allow the Soviet Union to do the same. Thirdly, there are also events that support the view that neither of the superpowers was to be blamed; that the Cold War was based on misunderstanding. As shown previously, there is no event that stands out as a crucial sole factor that caused the Cold War, but instead a series of factors that built it between the end of WWII and 1949. ...read more.

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