• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

Extracts from this document...


WHY DID WAR TIME FRIENDS BECOME COLD WAR ENEMIES? DANIEL ROJAS As soon as WWII broke up, winning powers, especially the USA and the USSR, began a period of hostility between each other. This period of disagreement extended up until the 1980's, and became known as the Cold War, mainly because no actual fighting occurred between the two superpowers, despite the dangerous tensions growing between them. The development of the Cold War can be attributed to a series of events between the end of World War II and 1949, each event having a certain degree of importance within what is regarded as the causes of this period of 'passive' hostility, although none of these events stands out as a crucial point in the initiation of the Cold War. To begin with, historians have formulated different views and explanations for the occurrence of the Cold War: Some agree that the USSR was to blame. Stalin planned communist spread throughout the world and the takeover of Eastern Europe was an example of this. Others agree that the USA was to take the blame. ...read more.


However The idea of the USSR playing a part in running the rich German industrial area of the Ruhr was rejected by Truman, which can be an argument that supports both views: that the USSR was to blame because of the expansion of communism, in this case over Germany, but at the same time, the USA can be blamed for not letting it strengthen its position over Europe, as the USA was doing by rejecting the proposal. Truman additionally blocked the idea of the Soviet Union sharing the occupation of Japan, though Stalin also rejected the proposal that Britain and USA should have a greater influence in Eastern Europe, showing an example which might be supported by those who believe that the USA was to blame, although the latter is a fact most probably used as an argument by historians who blame the USSR for the occurrence of the Cold War. Another point of inflection on the development of a Cold War by 1945 was a reciprocal military fear the USA and the USSR had on each other. Being both nations military super powers they had their concerns on each other creating a war on military expenditure for both sides. ...read more.


Because of these reasons, the Soviet Union also forbade her satellite countries (the eastern European countries) to accept Marshall Aid. In 1949, Russia tried to counter the Marshal Plan -by offering financial aid to her satellites under the Molotov Plan. With the proclamation of the Truman Doctrine of March 1947 and the launching of the Marshall Plan, the United States was clearly leading the western nations to resist Russian Communist expansionist activities in Europe. Cold War had begun. To conclude with, there are several events that agree that the USSR was to blame; that Stalin planned communist spread throughout the world. Likewise, there are several other events that support the view that the USA was to take the blame; that Soviet actions were merely defensive and that the USA wanted to control its area of influence, but refused to allow the Soviet Union to do the same. Thirdly, there are also events that support the view that neither of the superpowers was to be blamed; that the Cold War was based on misunderstanding. As shown previously, there is no event that stands out as a crucial sole factor that caused the Cold War, but instead a series of factors that built it between the end of WWII and 1949. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why were the central powers defeated in the First World War

    Even while the Ludendorff offensive was going on, Foch, Haig and Pershing were storing ammunition and resources. After the German retreat, the allies launched their counter attack By 1918.

  2. To what extent can the origins of the cold war be linked to the ...

    The Cold War saw the development of jet aircraft, more sophisticated telescopes for reconnaissance, hydrogen bombs, ballistic missiles and more powerful atomic weapons.

  1. Assess the reasons affecting the end of the Cold War.

    not fund, this produced bankruptcy and discontentment in the Soviet Union sparking revolutions, as more money was being diverted to defense spending instead of improving the lives of the people. Also with a less hardline president, the Soviet Union might have existed for a much longer time maybe even up

  2. American Response to the Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    their desks, covering their heads, ears and eyes and remain in a fetal position (May). These protections were nothing more than "feel good" procedures, and would be ineffective in the instance of an actual nuclear attack. Somehow, however, they helped calm the people and made them believe that taking these specific actions might protect them from an atomic bomb.

  1. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    As a result, the leader of Romania was welcomed by Queen Elizabeth of England at Buckingham Palace. The relaxed politics would not last. During the late 1970's and continuing until the communist party's overthrow in 1989, political repression increased and more severe tactics were implemented in the communist party's struggle to hold a tab on the citizens9.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Loss of control 1. Concessions to meet the demands of the Petrograd Soviet backfired, by lifting censorship it lost its power to mould public opinion in its favor. When it decided to continue the war much anti-war propaganda was directed directly against the government.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - Jerusalem remained divided though Israel still called the west part of the city its capital. UN Resolution 303 passed in December 1949 called for the internationalisation of Jerusalem - Schlaim: "Israel emerged from the war economically exhausted but with superior organisation and morale, a tremendous sense of achievement, and

  2. To what extent was Germany the focus of Cold War hostility between 1945 and ...

    Besides that, east was authoritarian and a Stalinist state whereas west was not. As a result of these differences, any attempt to reunite Germany seemed futile. After the Berlin blockage, Berlin remained divided under joint American-British-French-Soviet occupation and the economic and political inequalities of the two Germanys could easily be seen in the difference between east and West Berlin.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work