• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the central powers defeated in the First World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were the Central Powers defeated in the First World War? To begin with the central powers that fought together in the First World War were Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The First World War was mainly a battle between the triple alliance which consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy against the triple entente which had Britain, France, and Russia. World War one was mostly a battle of trench warfare and a war at sea. A reason for the defeat of the central powers was mainly the failure of the Schlieffen plan. The Schlieffen plan was simple but risky. The idea was to send German forces through Belgium and to quickly knock France out of the war. The theory was that Russia would take a long time to mobilise. It was considered as an all-or-nothing gamble. The Germans had to try to get to Paris and defeat France within six weeks, so that they could then send all their troops to fight against Russia. At first, it looked as though the Germans could succeed. The German army invaded Belgium on 4th of august. ...read more.

Middle

As a response to the new war in the Atlantic, the Untied States entered the war in March 1917 and declared war against Germany this changed everything. The Americans entered the war because of the resumption of the submarine warfare and the Zimmerman telegram. The Zimmerman telegram was a telegram from the Germans encouraging the Mexicans to invade Texas. The British however intercepted the telegram and gave it to the Americans. The entry of the Americans played a critical role in the victory of the entente. The war at sea lasted very long and the British were losing a lot of ships to the German U- boats. In April 1917 875,000 tons was the total weight of British sunk ships. However in 1918 the effects of the blockade were starting to come in place. Nitrate and pork supply in Germany was decreasing. In 1916 the meat ration in Germany was equivalent to two burgers a week. Between 1914- 1918 300,000 Germans died of malnutrition, this shows the effect of the blockade. By the summer of 1918 many Germans were close to starvation. In November 1918 there were social and political revolutions in Hamburg, Kiel, Berlin, and Wilhelmshaven. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Ottoman Empire did well in the Dardanelles in 1915. However the Christians in the Balkans and the Arab revolt in the Middle East had forced the Ottoman Empire to collapse. Thirdly, there was Bulgaria. Bulgaria had too many enemies (the Greeks, the Romanians, the South Slavs and many other). The Bulgarians were also not too happy to be fighting on the same side of the Ottoman Empire. And finally by 1918 Bulgaria was suffering great hardship, and economic difficulties. And so the Bulgarians also collapsed. So Germany now had to choices either to surrender or to fight Britain, USA, and France alone. In the end Hindenburg advised the Kaiser to surrender. The Germans surrendered to America in the end they thought they would get the best deal from Presidents Wilson fourteen points. The British and French could have easily taken Berlin but they refused to do that, they wanted to do peace. So in conclusion there are many reasons for the defeat of the central powers. But the main reasons were the British naval blockade, the entry of the USA into the war, and the collapse of the German allies. 60 million European troops were mobilised for the war. 8 million were killed, 7 million were permanently disabled, and 15 million were seriously injured. ?? ?? ?? ?? Rudain Mahasneh 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why did the Axis powers lose World War Two Essay Plan

    ally of Britain * Germany wanted/need Lebensraum in the East not the West Paragraph: Battle of the Atlantic * 1939-1943 * U-boats struggled to make an impact as counter-technology wiped them out * If Germany had succeeded it would put them in a better position to win the war, as

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    In 1953, the year of a Soviet crackdown in Poland and workers' riots in East Germany, over 300,000 people fled from East to West. The Soviet defeat of the Hungarian uprising of 1956 also led to greater numbers leaving East Germany for the West.

  1. The Importance of Naval Warfare in World War One

    used in the Germany navy. In the next years, the use of U-Boats became increasingly popular, which is a point I shall go on to examine later on in this essay. However, in the following year of 1916, despite the success of the U-Boats, the new admiral of the German navy wanted to make full

  2. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation ...

    The action was supported by the liberals, who regarded Catholicism as the antagonist of modernity and progression, and ultimately had two main impacts upon the future course of German history. Firstly the Catholics were deeply embittered by the fact that they were regarded by Bismarck as unpatriotic, and thus founded

  1. I generally disagree that "the Six Day War shocked the Middle East and the ...

    Shown in the expulsion of several Arab leaders, the Arab people called for a greater push to reclaim Palestinian lands.[10] As Israeli historian Benny Morris said, "even before the ink on the armistice agreements was dry, there arose in the Arab capitals a clamour for an avenging second round."[11] The

  2. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    These written messages were the first evidence of U Thant?s peaceful, unbiased negotiation. The Americans? initially responded to U Thant?s message with dissatisfaction.[8] Since his message did not request the deconstruction of the Cuban missile sites and removal of the weapons, the US dreaded that it would have to consent

  1. Account for the initial successes in land warfare of Napoleon as first consul and ...

    This in turn made the soldiers feel special and important. With this feeling, they felt that Napoleon was the people?s hero, a good man and that they would be fighting for a just cause. Also Napoleon could give great motivational speeches, which evoked French nationalism throughout France.

  2. What caused World War 1?

    Italy also hated France for stealing Tunisia from them in 1881 and so they were more than willing to ally with Germans who also had anti-France policies. However the disadvantage of having Italy as an ally was its lack of military and naval power.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work