• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19

According to the standards within the Ln Yu, has the Confucian gentleman survived to present time?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

According to the standards within the L�n Yu, has the Confucian "gentleman" survived to present time? By: Julio Ordaz Word Count: 3984 Westwood High School Mesa, Arizona, United States of America Table of Contents Title Page.....................................................................................Pg. 1 Table of Contents......................................................................Pg. 2 Abstract.................................................................................Pg. 3 Introduction.............................................................................Pg. 4 The Confucian "Gentleman"..........................................................Pg. 5 Ancient Men and Their Values........................................................Pg. 7 The Middle Man........................................................................Pg. 11 Enlightened Virtue.....................................................................Pg. 12 Present Virtues..........................................................................Pg. 13 Conclusion...............................................................................Pg. 16 Bibliography.............................................................................Pg. 18 Abstract The Confucian "gentleman" has high standards for being a man in which the virtues that would be able to perfect society are implemented; the said virtues being humility, magnanimity, sincerity, diligence, graciousness, self-respect, generosity, and benevolence. With such standards to aid society as a whole as well as achieve one's own happiness, the components of the gentleman is to be known, and if According to the standards within the L�n Yu, has the Confucian "gentleman" survived to present time? In order to come to a conclusion, research was done on not only the characteristics Confucius and his pupil deemed the "gentleman" to posses, in essence the virtues, as well as how it progressed through time in analysis of other philosophies. The Ancient Days of Athens and the early Hellenistic period were analyzed with the works of the Platonists and the creator of Epicureanism, to see the courageous step in upholding personal justice, virtues and morals to seek one's own happiness. One of the most influential philosophers of the Middle ages, Thomas Aquinas is then studied as well to see that in his cardinal virtues; prudence, temperance, courage, and justice, the "Gentleman" may not only exist but even part the Golden rule which was a huge component of his. The Age of Enlightenment is then discerned with its scientific mind of Kant and the path of happiness stated by d'Holbach, bringing forth a more general view on the virtues needed for happiness and becoming a "true man." ...read more.

Middle

Aristotle then goes on how virtues aim at the mean and moderation of a man such that the field which the act is virtuous can be observed; as for the specific virtues that both Aristotle and his teacher believed, they are presented by Alcinous. Alcinous, a Middle-Platonist (Thought to live in the 2nd century B.C.) adds an axiom for virtue, "virtue is a divine thing, being the perfect and most excellent state of the soul, which makes a man, both in speech and in action, graceful, harmonious, and firm, both in relation to himself and to others. There are two species of it, the rational, and those (virtues) which are concerned with the irrational part of the soul, to wit, courage and self-control...the perfection of the rational part, then is wisdom; of the spirited part, courage; and of the appetitive, self-control." (Dillon, 1993). Those three are the virtues that in turn were thought of as the summit in Alcinous' book and by those three, exercising them to the max, one would achieve happiness. Epicurus (341-270 B.C) is then analyzed on his hedonist views of ethical philosophy, hedonism being the view that pleasure is intrinsically worthwhile and is the human's good (Velasquez, 2005). Epicurus doesn't delve into the virtues as much as do the Platonists aforementioned but with the ideal set by his Hedonistic philosophy, Epicureanism: the theory that happiness is the greatest good and that happiness is to be achieved living a life of moderation in which the contemplative pleasures are preferred to the sensuous pleasures. With that brings one of the most common pleasures in life, love. Other than knowing love through emotion, great care for someone can show love through reason, and that is one of the star virtues that Epicurus throws out, especially the importance of friendship; "Epicurus held that a wise man would feel the torture of a friend no less than his own, and would die for a friend rather than betray him, for otherwise his own life would be confounded (Konston, 2009). ...read more.

Conclusion

The scientific era then saw "man" in a more general sense, acknowledging that each man is an individual and to reach virtue through the exact same methods would be preposterous yet in the end, it was reasoned by both Enlightenment thinkers, that by the strife for personal happiness, one must show good will towards others and implicate the Categorical Imperative to set what is right as right in accordance to the virtues which are set in stone as being thus. Although a formula needed to be exercised, that "man" can be achieved. The Confucian "Gentleman" after two millennia, through time altering stages within the world, has indeed survived. Each era believed the man to be in accordance with integrity, generosity, sincerity, persistence, benevolence, humility, magnanimity, diligence and graciousness. Be it achieved through lectures, doctrines, or formulas, it has survived despite the barriers between the two different societies, cultures and multiple philosophies. And though that is said, it must be stated that the interviews for the present were composed of a majority of males, with only two women contributing to the questions, thus it must then be speculated to whether the "Gentleman" in the yes of a woman still exist to present day, as well as analyzing philosophies from women in the past and see that view point as well. Also, Confucius admitted to not being on the same caliber as the "Gentleman" he described, and the question arises if the philosophies of virtue and the essence of what a man should be, given by the men of old, were able to state their definitions and for that to be taken critically and as the truth to become a "True Man/Gentleman." Even then though, the Confucian Gentleman isn't set in stone; every man tries to sculpt himself in that image; and despite time, the same slab of marble remains chiseled but unfinished, with the Muse of the Gentleman changing in form too. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Misc section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Misc essays

  1. Free essay

    Situation Ethics

    The situational approach to ethics is seen as better than the legalistic approach as it takes into account the situation and circumstances to help produce a more reasonable decision. The situational approach determines which action is right or wrong by considering the consequences of an action; this denies any absolutes and makes ethics more relative.

  2. The History & Development of Reflexology

    This will particularly benefit self-employed and freelance practitioners, who do not have the reputation of a salon to back up/vouch for their expertise. b) Recognition by orthodox medical professionals in Leicestershire. '... "The weight of evidence we have examined suggests that complementary and alternative medicines could play a much larger

  1. Music revision note

    or a movement Ternary Form - Made up of three sections like a sandwich (A-B-A) Binary Form - Made up of two sections (A-B) Sonata Form - A 3-part from, with an exposition, followed by a development, and finally a recapitulation Vamping - Playing block chords continuously throughout a section

  2. Extended Essay: How do different Flavours, Storage Times affect the Effectiveness of Crisps as ...

    10 days, 3213 J/g, Total of random uncertainties from apparatuses X 100 Enthalpy Change calculated = 3.02 X 100 = 0.094 % = 0.09% 3213 Conclusion Brands/Flavours From the results, we see that Calbee Curry has the highest energy value, whilst Edo and the Jack and Jill had the lowest.

  1. ITGS portfolio Privacy and security issues that arise when using Health Information Technology to ...

    EMR is simply about ticking off boxes and crossing out things in electronic forms. The doctors are forced to think in categories and can seldom express a personal opinion on an individual case. Because of the lack of flexibility of many electronic reporting systems, cases of misclassification of patients and their conditions have been reported.

  2. ITGS portfolio Loss of employment and privacy issues regarding the rise of online grocery ...

    Not only will you miss out on potential savings, but you will have to spend more for the convenience. Many online grocery stores and delivery services will charge fees for the shipment and delivery on your items, regardless of how much you spend.

  1. Langston Hughes

    The poem displays the unfair and unequal treatment of Hughes' people. Within the poem, an African-American boy is confused as to where he should sit on a merry-go-round, "There ain't no back to a merry-go-round!"

  2. Can the work of architect Le Corbusier be explored in the context of the ...

    However, ?his chief source of inspiration was the machine. He wanted to create architecture that functioned with the same slick efficiency and economy of design as a car or an aeroplane? (McDermott 1997, p. 49). This machine driven vision also influenced him to set precise specifications such as the basic pleasures when designing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work