• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Japanese Musical Culture

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

JAPANESE MUSIC CULTURE Traditional Music Ancient Times Like history of ancient Japan, its music is also studied in two periods: Nara and Heian. Names of these periods are derived from the dynasties which the Japanese empire was under control of. Unlike political events, music of ancient Japan is not well-known, and it is only possible to examine ancient Japanese music along with all the musical cultures of the same region, like Korean and Chinese. Only available information about this era of Japanese music is that it differed in each region of Japan, and it is thought to be possible to meet a large variety of musical structures if music was examined separately for each Japanese region. So, not much is known about this era of Japanese music. Classification When we look at traditional Japanese music in the sense of usage, we can classify it in three parts: - Buddhist chanting (Shomyo) - Orchestral court music (Gagaku) - Japanese theatre . Noh . Kabuki Buddhist chanting (Shomyo) ...read more.

Middle

It was only to be played along with dance or pantomime, which made it even more elegant. As the importance of gagaku became greater, certain initiatives were taken in order to organize the performance of gagaku. This was majorly done by an Imperial department in the palace, the gagaku department, whose task was to train musicians and separate gagaku even more than other traditional music types. Like shomyo, gagaku was also played in Yo scale. Japanese Theatre Music was an essential part of Japanese theatre, because every play would be presented with music. There are two main parts of traditional Japanese theatre, which are noh, indigenous Japanese theatre, and kabuki. Noh: It is the traditional Japanese theatre, a rather simpler form of kabuki. An orchestra of flutes, drums, and vocals would accompany an act of noh. Kabuki: Kabuki is a more widely-known form of Japanese theatre. Unlike noh, kabuki's orchestra is much larger than a noh's, using similar instruments. ...read more.

Conclusion

y� (fifth note) The reason for interchanging the positions of 1st and 3rd notes is that unlike western pentatonic scales which are named based on their 1st note in the scale, Japanese pentatonic scale is named based on its 3rd note. Yo Scale The Yo scale is a common form of pentatonic scale in the Japanese traditional music. It is used mostly in shomyo and kabuki. The notes for the Yo scale are as follows: Instruments Traditional Japanese music uses a large variety of instruments. * * Biwa * Hichiriki * Hocchiku * Hyoshigi * Kane * Kakko * Kokyu * Koto * Niko * Okawa * Ryuteki * Sanshin * Shakuhachi * Shamisen * Shime-Daiko * Shinobue * Sho * Suikinkutsu * Taiko * Tsuzumi Here are brief descriptions for the instruments used in Japanese traditional music. Biwa: a short lute Shamisen: string instrument, very widely used Ryuteki: a small flute Hichiriki: similar to oboe, double reeded Horagai: horn, made of sea shell Kokyu: bowed string, only example of the kind Taiko: drums, played in groups ?? ?? ?? ?? Can Baser Baydier 11H 25.11.08 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Misc section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Misc essays

  1. The History & Development of Reflexology

    Fitzgerald even performed minor surgical operations, using only this method for anaesthesia. Fitzgerald divides the body up into ten equal, vertical zones, ending in the fingers and toes. He theorised that pressure on one part of a zone would effect every other part of the body that lay within that particular zone.

  2. ITGS portfolio Privacy and security issues that arise when using Health Information Technology to ...

    - September 30, 2008, US. The company Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Louisiana confirmed breach of personal data, including Social Security numbers, phone numbers and addresses of about 1,700 brokers. The data was accidentally attached to a general email. In addition, there is criticism over Google Health not being a "covered entity under the

  1. The Effect on Music in the Christian Church

    Music history begins with instruments." According to Kenneth W. Osbeck in The Ministry of Music, "The Greeks made extensive use of music religious rituals and also ascribed to it an influence over the moral and emotional nature of man and credited its origin to their gods. In his writings concerning music, Plutarch says: "The right moulding of ingenuous manners

  2. Music revision note

    The words 'a capella' in Italian mean 'In the style of the chapel'. This is because early music for the church was for unaccompanied voices. Call-and-response This texture is when a solo is heard which is immediately answered by another tune played or sung by a group.

  1. SALES OF GOOD ACT

    If the buyer fails to pay within the specified time the seller may resale the goods. If in the second sale the seller suffers a loss he may claim the sale from the first buyer. If he makes a profit he is not bound to pay the same to the buyer.

  2. Free essay

    The Evolution of a Theme/Element in Popular Culture. Industries such as the jewellery and ...

    During the 1980s, the government put some regulations on these TV shows that it had to be considered 'educational' (worthy for viewing by children). Toy manufacturers and marketers took the advantage of these new standards, and the first half of the decade saw the introduction of a wave of toy-based cartoons like the 'Transformers' and 'My Little Pony'.

  1. A comparison and analysis of the speed and efficiency between Microsofts Windows XP and ...

    Even though Windows XP had twice the FSB than the Tiger, it can be observed that a system with 800MHz of FSB with the Mac Tiger is just like a timesaving machine. Having a higher FSB not only increases a system's capability to boot up and shut down quickly, but also boosts efficiency.

  2. An analysis of the musical elements in the film 'Three Idiots'.

    The essence of the ?raag? is unfolded with the ?alaap? where little or no instruments are heard. With such effect, the romantic mood of the song is captured within in the audience until the ?mukhada? of the song takes its entrance where the mood shifts to a happy and joyful ambiance.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work