• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Japanese Musical Culture

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

JAPANESE MUSIC CULTURE Traditional Music Ancient Times Like history of ancient Japan, its music is also studied in two periods: Nara and Heian. Names of these periods are derived from the dynasties which the Japanese empire was under control of. Unlike political events, music of ancient Japan is not well-known, and it is only possible to examine ancient Japanese music along with all the musical cultures of the same region, like Korean and Chinese. Only available information about this era of Japanese music is that it differed in each region of Japan, and it is thought to be possible to meet a large variety of musical structures if music was examined separately for each Japanese region. So, not much is known about this era of Japanese music. Classification When we look at traditional Japanese music in the sense of usage, we can classify it in three parts: - Buddhist chanting (Shomyo) - Orchestral court music (Gagaku) - Japanese theatre . Noh . Kabuki Buddhist chanting (Shomyo) ...read more.

Middle

It was only to be played along with dance or pantomime, which made it even more elegant. As the importance of gagaku became greater, certain initiatives were taken in order to organize the performance of gagaku. This was majorly done by an Imperial department in the palace, the gagaku department, whose task was to train musicians and separate gagaku even more than other traditional music types. Like shomyo, gagaku was also played in Yo scale. Japanese Theatre Music was an essential part of Japanese theatre, because every play would be presented with music. There are two main parts of traditional Japanese theatre, which are noh, indigenous Japanese theatre, and kabuki. Noh: It is the traditional Japanese theatre, a rather simpler form of kabuki. An orchestra of flutes, drums, and vocals would accompany an act of noh. Kabuki: Kabuki is a more widely-known form of Japanese theatre. Unlike noh, kabuki's orchestra is much larger than a noh's, using similar instruments. ...read more.

Conclusion

y� (fifth note) The reason for interchanging the positions of 1st and 3rd notes is that unlike western pentatonic scales which are named based on their 1st note in the scale, Japanese pentatonic scale is named based on its 3rd note. Yo Scale The Yo scale is a common form of pentatonic scale in the Japanese traditional music. It is used mostly in shomyo and kabuki. The notes for the Yo scale are as follows: Instruments Traditional Japanese music uses a large variety of instruments. * * Biwa * Hichiriki * Hocchiku * Hyoshigi * Kane * Kakko * Kokyu * Koto * Niko * Okawa * Ryuteki * Sanshin * Shakuhachi * Shamisen * Shime-Daiko * Shinobue * Sho * Suikinkutsu * Taiko * Tsuzumi Here are brief descriptions for the instruments used in Japanese traditional music. Biwa: a short lute Shamisen: string instrument, very widely used Ryuteki: a small flute Hichiriki: similar to oboe, double reeded Horagai: horn, made of sea shell Kokyu: bowed string, only example of the kind Taiko: drums, played in groups ?? ?? ?? ?? Can Baser Baydier 11H 25.11.08 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Misc section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Misc essays

  1. The Effect on Music in the Christian Church

    The Hebrews, unlike the Greeks, did not associate music with morality or with magical properties. For the Hebrews, the arts obtained significance only as they could be used to adorn the courts of Jehovah or could be employed in the ascription of praise to Him."

  2. ITGS portfolio Privacy and security issues that arise when using Health Information Technology to ...

    digitized for almost just anybody to see - in other words, incursion into people's privacy. The confidentiality of doctor - patient relationship is still sacrosanct. Besides, medical data can be used against a person in some cases - be it for a job application, insurance coverage or a college scholarship.

  1. Free essay

    The Evolution of a Theme/Element in Popular Culture. Industries such as the jewellery and ...

    The show was gaining a wide acclaim for its satirical handing of American culture, society as a whole and the human condition. It was a major hit and was closely followed by 'South Park'. The American industry a sudden surge of growth in the 1990's as yet another wild card

  2. A comparison and analysis of the speed and efficiency between Microsofts Windows XP and ...

    As well as personally impressed by its user-interface, I would recommend users to have Safari as their default well browser. Chapter 7: Recommendations 7.1: Windows XP Even though the operating system that holds the majority share in the market, it has its strengths and weaknesses.

  1. Discuss the connection between culture and art, as it is presented through significant characters, ...

    Mr Acton is introduced by the reader as a man of power and complexity, his travels to the east, and to places outside America, has made him a richer and sophisticated character. "He was very fond of books, and he had a handsome library" this description of Mr Acton is

  2. The History & Development of Reflexology

    and moisture in the body, as well as directly affecting the mental state and emotions of the patient. In 1902, he published a manuscript called 'Pressure Points: the origin & Significance', which explains how specific massage techniques can be applied to the "reflex zones" to successfully alleviate pain and disease8.

  1. Music revision note

    The words 'a capella' in Italian mean 'In the style of the chapel'. This is because early music for the church was for unaccompanied voices. Call-and-response This texture is when a solo is heard which is immediately answered by another tune played or sung by a group.

  2. An analysis of the musical elements in the film 'Three Idiots'.

    Additionally, with instruments such as synthesizer and electric organ very distinctive sound effects were created to add the jazz and western effect to the song. The timbre of the music is very bright and playful while the dynamics heard in the song is always loud.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work