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What is a human?

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Introduction

Practice Theme Question The picture displays a man, with his eyes closed, submerged in thought. It also shows his head enveloped in a box, with a chessboard. This shows that the picture relates to decision-making, as that is exactly what you do in a chess game. Overall, all these show that the picture relates to a person's intellect - a defining factor of a person or a human being - therefore I have decided to address the question: What is a person? One possible definition of a person is someone who fulfills the following characteristics: the ability to comprehend complex emotions, make and justify/rationalize decisions. Out of these two characteristics, I feel that fulfilling one of these characteristics should grant personhood. A possible example that could help clarify is, the fact that most humans can do all of the following but a robot on the other hand, cannot fulfill these because it may be able to read emotions it cannot differentiate between more complicated ones. ...read more.

Middle

Another, would be the subjectivity of the argument, as it is hard to determine what is a justified decision or a complex emotion. Another argument for the definition of a person is the following: someone who has good moral judgment. In other words, someone who make out the difference between a good and a bad action, as well as explain why can be considered a person. This argument displays that even the mentally challenged can be considered people because they still have a good understanding of morals. This can be seen clearly when observing any person with mental disabilities, particularly in school. In a school with a laptop system, these people tend to take out their laptops and watch videos at a loud volume despite the presence of a teacher. However, once the teacher explains this is wrong, they apologize and don't do so again. This shows that their hindered intellect causes them to make a bad decision (characteristic of the first argument) ...read more.

Conclusion

I feel that intelligence is a major aspect of personhood but I feel that moral justification is also an important aspect. Furthermore, I feel that both arguments go into a lot more depth and precision in comparison with the official meaning of a person - all humans automatically attain personhood legally once they receive a birth certificate. Therefore, I feel that the first argument is a better argument but the perfect argument would be one that coalesces both arguments together. Nevertheless, as seen with these questions, there is never a definite answer therefore even a fusion of both arguments would have implications. Many philosophers may feel that some animals deserve to be given personhood because they can be trained to comprehend emotions or follow commands, or robots should be given personhood because they can begin to comprehend basic emotions (like a baby before the brain develops). On the whole there is no perfect definition of a person but I feel that a person is someone who can comprehend complex emotions, justify/rationalize decisions, differentiate between morals, or has the propensity to fulfill these requirement any of these requirements in the future (a baby). Rishabh Bhatia 12T2 ...read more.

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