• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Science Essay TOK

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Alex Kluivert Theory of Knowledge I IB 4 March 2009 Facts vs. Facts Henri Poincare once said that "Science is built of facts the way a house is built of bricks: but an accumulation of facts is no more science than a pile of bricks is a house", this is a very interesting quote that one could derive many meanings from. The first thing that the quote shows is that there is more to science then just a random jumble of facts. It also poses the question that if science is built on facts yet facts do not always make up science, is there more than one type of fact? People certainly use the term fact loosely. Many times you will hear someone say that this is a historical fact, or this is a scientific fact. Is there a difference between these two? Yes, there is a huge difference, if one is to believe in a correspondent society the empirical truths of science should always come before the truths of history. Yet this is not always the case. ...read more.

Middle

The quote says that science is more than and jumble of facts. This is true. To use the analogy given in the quote, if you want to build a house you will not only need the materials such as bricks, but you also must have plans or blueprints. In science the bricks are facts and the blueprints are the scientific method. This is a universal method that gives the steps for finding a scientific truth. It is true that facts supply the building materials for science but the scientific method supplies the plans for it to be built. History has some problems when it goes up against science in questions of facts. The first problem is histories rankings on the correspondence truth ladder. As long as we can not go back in time history can never be tested. This excludes the empirical truth test from histories arsenal. Without this test it cannot match up with science. At best I could see a logic claim for a historical fact. ...read more.

Conclusion

After a crime takes place forensic scientists will use historical evidence to create the probable physical features of the criminal. Then forensic specialists can use any DNA found at the crime to run tests and get more specific data on the criminal. However sometimes in these cases the scientific evidence disputes the conclusions drawn from historical facts. In these cases the forensic science is always believed over the historical conclusions. One example is in the case of the serial killer in Baton Rouge, past serial killers tended to be white men in there twenties and thirties, however when the DNA sequencing was run it turns out that they were looking for a black man. When this information arose the forensic scientists were correct and the killer was apprehended. History and science can both have facts so when head to head which fact is right? I would have to say that science is the victor. It is important to have a class system within these facts in the future when problems arise. If there was a universally believed system then there would be no disputes in the subjects of abortion, evolution, or any other of these questionable topics. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Revision notes - list of possible topics for TOK questions.

    Embryonic-stem-cell research. 65. The prevalence of terrorism in modern society. 66. Deforestation of Earth's rainforests. 67. Does history tell us the truth? 68. Are authorities justified in knowingly withholding information? 69. Premarital sex. 70. Does TV watching harm children? 71. Materialism: how do humans relate money and happiness. 72.

  2. Matrix Essay; Red v.s Blue Pil?

    How would you know it was real? Morpheus also said: "What is "real"? How do you define "real"?" which shows that even if you took the red pill and thought you were going into the "real world", how would you know it was actually real?

  1. ToK Essay What similarities and differences are there between historical and scientific explanations?

    An example of this is the use of steroids. Steroids were developed in the early 50's in the United States of America. Ben Johnson, the Canadian sprinter was stripped of his gold medal in the 100 meter sprint in the 1988 Olympics because he was tested positive for stanozolol, an anabolic steroid in the drug screening test5.

  2. Pseudo-science or science

    But this does not prove that it is scientific just because some people state that they are. Another example I have mentioned above, crystology, is a set of belief about the magical power of crystals, which claim to be scientific but have not been scientifically tested.

  1. As an IB student, how has your learning of history and science ...

    It tells us that only the fittest can survive in this highly competitive world. Science explains that the man became superior to animals only on account of his social instincts. Human science tells us that a man has to be utilitarian in a community in order to survive competition.

  2. As an IB student, how has your learning of literature and science contributed to ...

    The poems of Blake, Songs of Innocence and Experience, tell us about the misery of the blacks living in London, and also how the White society considered them an evil and wicked race., fit only for slavery. Literature enlightens us by telling the changing ideologies of the individuals and their societies.

  1. Deconstructive Essay - Creationism Should not be Taught in School Science Classes as an ...

    As the theory most supported by scientists, the onus of proof is on the creationists to show why a hundred years of solid science is now believed to be faulty. They have convincingly failed to do so. [6] One of the fundamental flaws of creationism is that is begins with

  2. Science and an accumulation of facts -TOK essay

    For example,I always thought the earth was flat when I was young until I questioned my parents about the truth of my thoughts. My thinking process immediately changed after their explanation of the earth being spherical. I began to imagine and think of things differently!

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work