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Dostoyevsky and Voltaire are two authors of different eras who have chosen similar themes and motifs in their novels Crime and Punishment and Candide.

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Shazde Mehkri IB assignment 1 An essay on the analysis of themes like suffering, religion and love in two different world literature novels. Pieces of world literature have many similarities and differences that exist due to the cultures and time periods or literary eras during which the books were written. In addition, the way the writer thinks and how he has lived his life will impact the treatment of these topics. The similarities in these books are generated because of themes that unite them, such as love, religion, trust, and friendship, which create the body of a story. Dostoyevsky and Voltaire are two authors of different eras who have chosen similar themes and motifs in their novels Crime and Punishment and Candide. The story of Crime and Punishment is based on a man who commits a murder and isolates himself because of his guilt. While Candide is a novel based on a man, who travels the world in search of his lost love. Suffering, love, and religion are the most common themes that these authors have presented in their works. Though the concepts are similar, they are portrayed using entirely different techniques and methods. Dostoyevsky uses his characters to give his idea, while Voltaire uses the situation of the characters to put forward the theme. ...read more.


Cunegonde also suffers from poverty and become a sexual slave. Pangloss, the teacher of Candide, and Martin, the companion of Candide, suffers from depression. In this novel all sufferings is meant to communicate the flaws in the philosophy of optimism to readers. This philosophy states that everything that happens in the world is the best of all possible worlds. This philosophy is presented throughout the book. In addition, another important theme in these novels is the aspect of religion. In Crime and Punishment when Raskolnikov asks Sonya to read the story of Lazarus from the bible, she hesitates at first but then reads the whole story to him. By presenting such scenes in the novel Dostoyevsky is giving the readers the idea of man's ego ultimately leading him to the path of god. Similarly, Sonya giving the cross to Raskolnikov when he was going to the police station in order to confess his crime is a symbol of redemption. On page 407, Sonya says: "Go to the crossroads, and first kiss the earth which you have defiled; then bow down to the whole world, to the four points of the compass because you have sinned against it, too, and say aloud for all men to hear: " I have killed." ...read more.


Voltaire shows Candide's love towards Cunegonde. Candide travels the world in search of his love and even after facing terrible situations his love for Cunegonde continues. Moreover, while Candide was traveling he goes to the land of Eldorado and collects the riches from there. He gives this money to the needy people he meets during his journey, but also is fooled by several others. This shows the similar love for humanity Candide has. The old woman in Candide loves Cunegonde and therefore sells her to prostitution because it is the only way to protect her. In the same way the old woman does various other things that are in Cunegonde's best interest. In conclusion, both the authors have presented these themes in a way that makes the reader completely engross in the novels. The themes of suffering, religion and love are though very broad, but these novels have presented them in a very concise and attractive way. Voltaire in Candide and Dostoyevsky in Crime and Punishment urge the reader's to further explore the characters by presenting such themes. These novels can serve as great examples of stories for readers who are both interested in literature and language. As a matter of fact, a lot is common between these ideas. It is said that where faith is present love exists and thus one never suffers. The authors of the novel have proved this by their writings. ...read more.

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