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Dulce Et Decorum Est Annotation

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1. Bent double[a], like old beggars under sacks, 2. Knock-kneed[b], coughing like hags, we cursed[c] through sludge, 3. Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs 4. And towards our distant rest[d] began to trudge[e]. 5. Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots 6. But limped on, blood-shod[f]. All went lame; all blind; 7. Drunk with fatigue[g]; deaf even to the hoots[h] 8. Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind. 1. Gas! Gas! Quick, boys! ? An ecstasy of fumbling, (11 syllables, stress the last word) 2. Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time; 3. But someone still was yelling out and stumbling, (11 syllables, stresses last word) 4. And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime . . . 5. Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light[i], 6. As under a green sea, I saw him drowning. (11 syllables stresses last word) 7. (incomplete rhyme scheme) 1. In all my dreams, before my helpless sight[j], 2. He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning. ...read more.


Panic all around, but in the last two line completely gobsmacked and horrified. 3. Stanza 3: Terrified but completely submersed in a flashback dream world 4. Stanza 4: Cynical and angry; almost aggressive Symbols: 1. Color: Not very strong 1. Green: Represents poison and toxins in general and thus a sea of green shows the eminent death of soldiers surrounded by death from all four corners 2. White: An archetypal symbol for innocence and purity. But in this case it is used to show the more ghastly nature of the now dead soldier. Irony that shows war as a vile murderer with little pride or glory generated from it. 1. Allusion: 1. Hags: Old woman like creatures with bad deformities used in stories to scare children. In this case Owen refers to the soldiers as hags to show their hunched back and injured deformed faces but also to de-glorify them because in folklore hags were usually chased away just as the flares had. Also since they are women Owen further belittles the glorified soldiers. ...read more.


This is also a hyperbole because the chlorine gas discussed was not as saturated in the green color but was more or more difficult to distinguish. This shows again that the soldiers were untrained and inexperienced. It also shows the devastating nature of the poison leaking into their lungs [a]Bent over in pain/Dual personality (pre-war vs. post war) [b]Bent knees as a result of an injury to the shinbone or a bacterial infection in the bones caused by sores and wounds on the skin. [c]Alliteration. Sharp tone. [d]Double entendre: Either a camp where they could rest or their inevitable death [e]Walk with heavy steps due to exhaustion or terrible conditions [f]Covered in blood [g]Shows how tired the soldiers were and semi-colons add emphasis to these words [h]Noise made by falling bombs [i]Usually a signal to move on (used in British railways since 1868), but it really just killed them. [j]Sight used to describe the speaker, this sight became his only matter of importance [k]Usually a symbol for good, but in this case a symbol of defeat, pain and disgusting imagery [l]Moving awkwardly or twitching [m]Body has lost control of the eyes [n]Material cows spit when digesting grass [o]Colloquialism, sarcastic. ...read more.

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