• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Dulce Et Decorum Est Annotation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Bent double[a], like old beggars under sacks, 2. Knock-kneed[b], coughing like hags, we cursed[c] through sludge, 3. Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs 4. And towards our distant rest[d] began to trudge[e]. 5. Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots 6. But limped on, blood-shod[f]. All went lame; all blind; 7. Drunk with fatigue[g]; deaf even to the hoots[h] 8. Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind. 1. Gas! Gas! Quick, boys! ? An ecstasy of fumbling, (11 syllables, stress the last word) 2. Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time; 3. But someone still was yelling out and stumbling, (11 syllables, stresses last word) 4. And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime . . . 5. Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light[i], 6. As under a green sea, I saw him drowning. (11 syllables stresses last word) 7. (incomplete rhyme scheme) 1. In all my dreams, before my helpless sight[j], 2. He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning. ...read more.

Middle

Panic all around, but in the last two line completely gobsmacked and horrified. 3. Stanza 3: Terrified but completely submersed in a flashback dream world 4. Stanza 4: Cynical and angry; almost aggressive Symbols: 1. Color: Not very strong 1. Green: Represents poison and toxins in general and thus a sea of green shows the eminent death of soldiers surrounded by death from all four corners 2. White: An archetypal symbol for innocence and purity. But in this case it is used to show the more ghastly nature of the now dead soldier. Irony that shows war as a vile murderer with little pride or glory generated from it. 1. Allusion: 1. Hags: Old woman like creatures with bad deformities used in stories to scare children. In this case Owen refers to the soldiers as hags to show their hunched back and injured deformed faces but also to de-glorify them because in folklore hags were usually chased away just as the flares had. Also since they are women Owen further belittles the glorified soldiers. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is also a hyperbole because the chlorine gas discussed was not as saturated in the green color but was more or more difficult to distinguish. This shows again that the soldiers were untrained and inexperienced. It also shows the devastating nature of the poison leaking into their lungs [a]Bent over in pain/Dual personality (pre-war vs. post war) [b]Bent knees as a result of an injury to the shinbone or a bacterial infection in the bones caused by sores and wounds on the skin. [c]Alliteration. Sharp tone. [d]Double entendre: Either a camp where they could rest or their inevitable death [e]Walk with heavy steps due to exhaustion or terrible conditions [f]Covered in blood [g]Shows how tired the soldiers were and semi-colons add emphasis to these words [h]Noise made by falling bombs [i]Usually a signal to move on (used in British railways since 1868), but it really just killed them. [j]Sight used to describe the speaker, this sight became his only matter of importance [k]Usually a symbol for good, but in this case a symbol of defeat, pain and disgusting imagery [l]Moving awkwardly or twitching [m]Body has lost control of the eyes [n]Material cows spit when digesting grass [o]Colloquialism, sarcastic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Analysis - "Exposure" by Wilfred Owen

    The dash at the end of the line indicates a pause, which could be so emphasize the suffering soldiers and the pain they had to withstand. The soldiers "stare, snow dazed", which shows a far-away look on the dying men's faces, looking back into memories of the past.

  2. The War and its Impacts on the Mentality of Soldiers in Stockings

    he was imagining himself back home, giving and receiving love to his girlfriend and this mindset helped him survive through all these problems. Whether it be because of love, due to a dream, or caused by an event, if a soldier, or anyone in any situation, has a mind set

  1. Vietnam war

    In these letters he described his desire to bring attention to the policies of the 'Catholic Diem regime' that controlled the South Vietnamese government at the time. Before his self-immolation, the South Vietnamese Buddhists had made the following requests to the Diem regime, asking it to: 1.

  2. El rastro de tu sangre en la nieve

    Billy S�nchez cumpli� entonces con su rito pueril: se baj� el calzoncillo de leopardo y le mostr� su respetable animal erguido. Ella lo mir� de frente y sin asombro. -Los he visto m�s grandes y m�s firmes- dijo, dominando el terror-, de modo que piensa bien lo que vas a

  1. Analysis of "Exposure" by Wilfred Owen

    this mud and us.? The use of the possessive personal pronoun ?His?, makes us feel that the frost, which is a general representation of the bad side of nature, belongs to God, that even though He can control it, He chooses not to and allows His children to die of this frost which sticks to mud and them.

  2. Symbolism in The Sorrow of War "

    ?Every few minutes very small stations and sidings whizzed past his vision, some with dim lights on poles the only evidence of their existence. Then a thundering as they crossed a steel trestle bridge.? (Ninh 172) ?That?s how the war started, with a storm.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work