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Romaticism and the view of nature of Wordworth and Keats

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Introduction

Romanticism is a general, collective term to describe much of the art and literature produced during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In brief romanticism places an emphasis on the emotions, A stress on the importance of personal experiences and a desire to understand what influences the human mind, Exploring the relationship between nature and human life, A belief in the power of the imagination, An interest in mythological, fantastical, gothic and supernatural themes. Romanticism was a revolt against the " the age of reason". In revolt, Rousseau cried: "let us return to nature" because only in nature can the spirit of mankind be meaningful. He said "man was born free, but everywhere was in chains", because empiricism caused mankind to think that meaningful thought must be verified by mankind. Rousseau saw this a threat to the freedom of mankind and thus sparked the romantic movement. Two poets that romanced nature during this era were William Wordsworth and John Keats. Being representatives of the Romantic period of poetry, Keats and Wordsworth were relevant to both their times and contemporary periods of history, as well. Their ideas of emphasizing emotions over detached supposed notions of rationality, embracing the natural sensibilities of action and individual freedom, as well as the appreciation of beauty in as many contexts as possible are relevant concepts in modern reality. ...read more.

Middle

Keats portrayed contemplation of beauty as ways delaying the inevitability of death. He thought although we all die eventually, we can choose to spend out time looking at beautiful objects and landscapes which will he relates to as healing powers of nature and which makes people forget about their pain and sorrow. In Ode to a nightingale he writes "Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget What thou among the leaves hast never known, The weariness, the fever, and the fret" The song of the nightingales takes him far away the dullness of life. He leaves the real world and travels into the world of fantasy where he "where are the songs of the spring? Ay where are they. Think not of the them, thou hast thy music too" In ode to autumn keats loses himself in the nature and its beauty. He only lives in the present forgetting about the past and the future. THE SPIRITUAL QUALITY OF NATURE (WORDSWORTH) Wordsworth's mysticism is remarkable for its meditative mood and pantheistic conception of nature. It is moulded by the belief that nature is a living being and the dwelling place of god. Nature is the means through which a man can come into contact with god. Wordsworth maintains that a divine spirit pervades through all the objects of nature. ...read more.

Conclusion

Keats focuses solely on the beauty of the song, so when the song is gone, he loses his beauty and is left with his own deflated self. However, his deflate is temporary because he knows the bird and beauty will return eventually. Should the cuckoo ever lose its mystery for Wordsworth, (through him finally seeing it) he would permanently be deflated. PERSONIFICATION OF NATURE Keats and wordsworth both believed to present the objects of nature as a living being with life of their own. In a manner breaking from the form he claims in the preface, he creates a lrical poem personifying nature who, given the ability to speak claims "a lovelier flowe/on earth was never sown" and the daffodils are personified to be flutter and dancing. "fluttering and dancing in the breeze" BEAUTY Beauty for keats was a moving principle of life. He loved the beauty of nature that appealed to his senses. "with a great poet the sense of beauty overcomes every consideration". Keats loved the nature for the beautiful sights and senses of nature. keats used the beauty of nature as a device to express his emotions like in the "bright star". Wordsworth believed that beauty of nature lies in the subjective impact it has on the human mind. He thought of natural beauty to be more than just what was seen. It had a deeper meaning ot it. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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