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Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she need to treat the clients

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Introduction

´╗┐Chrysalis Counselling CourseModule 1Krisztina Paladi-Kovacs July 2012 ?Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she need to treat the clients.? In this essay I will define what Person?Centred Therapy (PCT) is and I will look at the origins of this therapy with particular reference to Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers and examine the fundamental elements necessary for the therapy to be seen as patient centred. I will compare the benefits and disadvantages of Person-Centred Therapy and try to establish whether a therapist can treat all clients effectively using just the one approach or whether it is more beneficial to the client for the therapist to use a more multi-disciplinary approach. To be able to discuss this subject, it is important to describe first what we mean when discussing PCT. Person-Centred Therapy, also known as client-centred, non-directive, or Rogerian therapy, is an approach to counselling and psychotherapy that places much of the responsibility for the treatment process on the client, with the therapist taking a non-directive role. PCT emphasises person to person relationship between the therapist and client and focuses on the client?s point of view; through active listening the therapist tries to understand the client?s present issues and emotions. In PCT the client determines the direction, course, speed and length of the treatment and the therapist helps increase the client?s insight and self-understanding. Carl Ransom Rogers was an influential American psychologist, who, along with Abraham Maslow, was the founder of the humanist approach to clinical psychology. ...read more.

Middle

The therapist puts into practise this empathy by active listening that shows careful and perceptive attention to what the client is saying. In addition to standard techniques, such as eye contact, that are common to any good listener, person-centred therapists employ a special method called reflection, which consists of paraphrasing and/or summarizing what a client has just said. This technique shows that the therapist is listening carefully and accurately, and gives the clients an added opportunity to examine their own thoughts and feelings as they hear them repeated by another person. Generally, clients respond well to this technique and they go further on the thoughts they have just expressed. According to Rogers, when these three attitudes (congruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathy) are practised by a therapist, clients can freely express themselves without having to worry about what the therapist thinks of them. The therapist does not attempt to change the client?s thinking in any way. Even negative expressions are accepted as appropriate experiences. Because of this non-directive approach, clients can find out which problems are important to them and explore these issues ? not those ones considered important by the therapist. Based on the principle of self-actualization, this undirected, uncensored self-exploration allows clients to recognize alternative ways of thinking that will promote personal growth. The therapist merely facilitates self-actualization by providing a climate in which clients can freely engage in focused, in-depth self-exploration. Carl Rogers described six therapeutic conditions: Therapist-Client Psychological Contact: a relationship between client and therapist must exist, and it must be a relationship in which each person?s perception of the other is important. ...read more.

Conclusion

While person-centred therapy is considered one of the major therapeutic approaches, along with psychoanalytic and cognitive-behavioural therapy, Rogers?s influence is felt in schools of therapy other than his own. The concepts and methods he developed are used by many different types of counsellors and therapists. Conclusion: I believe that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist many great tools to treat the client successfully, but at the same time I think that this approach on its own will not suit all clients but will work extremely well in combination with other types of therapy. ?Clients who have a strong urge in the direction of exploring themselves and their feelings and who value personal responsibility may be particularly attracted to the person-centred approach. Those who would like a counsellor to offer them extensive advice, to diagnose their problems, or to analyse their psyches will probably find the person-centred approach less helpful. Clients who would like to address specific psychological habits or patterns of thinking may find some variation in the helpfulness of the person-centred approach, as the individual therapeutic styles of person-centred counsellors vary widely, and some will feel more able than others to engage directly with these types of concerns.? Dr Greg Mulhauser Resources: Wikipedia-internet: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Person-centered_therapy Counsellingresources.com written by Dr Greg Mulhauser www.enotes.com Harvard Mental Health Letters website First Steps in Counselling Pete Sanders Next Steps in Counselling Practice Pete Sanders, Alan Frankland and Paul Wilkins Carl R Rogers Client Centered Therapy Abraham H Maslow Toward a Psychology of being Denise Kensit : Rogerian Theory: A Critique of the Effectiveness of Pure Client-Centred Therapy. Edwin Kahn: A Critique of Nondirectivity in the Person-Centered Approach. Page of 7 ...read more.

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The writer has some understanding of the humanistic approach to therapy and has started out well with an introduction to Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. Carl Rogers' person centred therapy has been covered well showing the writer understands his approach. The work could be improved by reading Rogers' theory on the 'organismic self' and 'conditions of worth'. This could be mentioned briefly in the writing as background to person centred therapy. Also it would be advisable to expand upon the way in which Rogers expects the therapist to get alongside the client and move inside their world. The latter part of the writing becomes a bit disjointed because of unreferenced criticism of the person centred approach. The writer needs to work on referencing the work correct

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 29/03/2013

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