• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"A Norwich Heresy Trial, 1428-1431".

Extracts from this document...


"A Norwich Heresy Trial, 1428-1431" Document Study Jeremy Ring 162001 University of Saskatchewan History 120.6 Prof. Frank Klassen January 13, 2003 Ring, 1 Heresy trials have been a primary source of understanding the past and the beliefs of the different levels of society. None has been more important than the documents involved in the manuscript of the Westminster Diocesan Archives MS. B.2. The section that will be dealt with is section 22, which involves a glover from Beccles, Mr. John Reve. John Reve is on trial for being a suspected heretic, and this article indicates his beliefs and opinions. This manuscript deals with all the fundamental Lollard beliefs in which John Wyclif proclaimed. The confession was one of only a few selections that had been written down in English; however the original was recorded in Latin by ecclesiastical authorities and clerics.1 Since this section was written by clerics and was part of a trial, this piece would have been an unpublished piece; however this section has been gaining a lot of attention by historians, being hailed as "the most important record of heresy trials in the British Isles before the Reformation."2 The trial took place April 18, 1430, in the Lambeth Palace, Norwich. ...read more.


This section is up for debate about the reliability of the writer. This was written by a church appointed cleric, who has been referred to as John Excestr4, which questions if this clerk actually wrote down what Reve had said, or if it had been tampered with in the benefit of the church. The final section involves Reve stating his apologies to Christ for his errors and explaining that he will contribute his life to stopping other heretics by exposing them instantly and turning them in. The content involved explains the mindset of the public, however many questions have to still be raised about the dependability. Ring, 3 This document has been proclaimed very important by numerous historians, but why a lot of people ask. This document includes the general beliefs of the Lollards, which is a subject that has become very interesting over the past couple of decades.5 The ideas expressed in John Reve's testimony explain many views on the Lollards overall beliefs. One of the most interesting would be the verse "Also that confession ought not to be made to any priest, but only to God, for no priest has the power to forgive ...read more.


Aston uses this article to complete the understanding of Lollards, much like Tanner indicates in his introduction. Aston does however do a great job in connecting many ideas of the Lollards to other documents of the same type. Aston concludes this section with a line that can relate to every document that stands the test of numerous edits, "popular theology cannot stand much refinement."9 1 Tanner, Norman P. "Heresy Trials in the Diocese of Norwich, 1428-1431." Camden Fourth Series, Volume 20. Offices of the Royal Historical Society University College London, Gower Street London. 1977, Page 2. 2 "Heresy Trials in the Diocese of Norwich, 1428-1431." Page 1. 3 Wheeler, William Bruce, Merry E. Wiesner and Julius R. Ruff. Discovering the Western Past. Volume 1, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, New York, 2000, Page 217. 4 "Heresy trials in the Diocese of Norwich, 1428-1431." Page 4. 5 Aston, Margaret. "Lollards and Reformers, Images and Literacy in Late Medieval Religion." History Series 22. The Hambledon Press, 35 Gloucester Avenue, London NW1 7AX, 1984. Page 71. 6 Discovering the Western Past. Page 217. 7 "Lollards and Reformers." Page 72. 8 "Lollards and Reformers." Page 74. 9 "Lollards and Reformers." Page 99. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts essays

  1. Illuminated Manuscripts: the Heir of the Ancient Celtic Artistic Tradition

    to pick and choose whatever elements of foreign art they thought would complement their Celtic style24. The foreign elements adopted by Celtic artists, though still recognizable as of non-Celtic origin, were transformed into "forms which were particularly Celtic"25. Celtic artists were not "slavish copiers of borrowed exemplars".

  2. Free essay

    Intercultural Paper

    According to the classification of Edward Hall, they are of a high-context cultural orientation. High-context cultures are characterized by extensive information networks among family, friends, associates, and even clients. * Their relationships are close and personal * They keep well informed about the people who are important in their lives

  1. An examination of how far Elyot's Dictionary, Johnson's Dictionary and the Oxford English Dictionary

    'to render a service to the youth of England and thereby contribute to the welfare of his country.' (Footnote)Starnes p.69 (Starnes). The result was one which inspired many other English lexicographers, even Cooper himself who published his own Thesaurus Linguae Romanae et Britannicae<-#> in 1565.

  2. John Bergers Book 'Ways of Seeing' concludes with the words &amp;quot;to be continued by ...

    and modern advertising. The images, especially of women, don't just "mean" what they show; they express the relations of power between spectator and spectacle (or as Berger calls it "sight") and often between the figure (spectacle) and the objects/property also displayed. The first essay in the book concentrates on images.

  1. What Caused the Hypocritical Transformation of Margaret Sanger?

    According to Sanger, "no woman can call herself free who does not own and control her own body ... No woman can call herself free until she can choose conscientiously whether she will or will not be a mother" (Parrish 143). With this argument, Sanger sought support from the Feminists.

  2. Better Day Coming; Blacks and inequality 1890 to 2000.

    In 1890, 1/2 of the white population was enrolled in school in comparison to the 31 % of the blacks. Moreover, high illiteracy gap between the races with the 65 of the black population being unable to read or write.

  1. The 1989 Democracy Movement - China

    Fang Lizhi, Liu Binyan (journalist and dissident who has since had to leave China for exile in the US) and Wang Ruowang. In other districts, people wrote words which expressed their dissatisfaction openly." Rather than dispersing after casting their votes, people stayed to hear results, reportedly applauding and laughing when names of Fang Lizhi, Mickey Mouse et al read out.

  2. The Response of Blowfly Larvae to Light.

    The ideal would be if the movement was away from the light source, and slowed down as the maggot reached the centre of its abode, where the light intensity was at its least, so that it stayed there. This is a negative phototactic response Prediction Based on the reasoning above, here is what I think will happen.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work