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A test for Pongo - Psychologists have discovered that different teaching styles have different effects on a child's learning.

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Introduction

A test for Pongo Psychologists have discovered that different teaching styles have different effects on a child's learning. According to Felder students have characteristic strengths and preferences in the ways they take in and process information. Some students tend to focus on facts, data and algorithms; others are more comfortable with theories and mathematical models. Some students respond strongly to visual forms of information such as pictures diagrams and schematics; others get more from verbal forms like written and spoken explanations. Some prefer to learn actively and interactively and others function more introspectively and individually. Regarding gender differences on learning, Severiens and ten Dam carried out a meta-analysis of research into gender difference in learning styles. They analyzed the results of other studies (22 in all) to find out whether or not the differences that the other studies reported were consistent. The 22 studies analysed had been conducted with the ASI to measure learning style. They then used statistical analysis to find out whether the findings of the original studies reflected gender preference for different learning styles. ...read more.

Middle

The S.P.E.L.T (Stratagies for effective learning & thinking) learning model is where the learner is encouraged to generate new cognitive strategies. It is designed for use with all children and requires active teacher participation. The main objective of S.P.E.L.T is to develop autonomous learners who have truly learned how to learn. The learning thinking strategies developed and emphasized in S.P.E.L.T cover a vast range, like general problem solving, maths and reading strategies, memory strategies, study skills, test taking strategies, mood setting strategies and general metacognitive strategies like comprehension monitoring. Special effort is made to develop social problem solving strategies. The M.U.R.D.E.R (mood, understanding, recall, digesting information, expand knowledge and review mistakes) learning model is a process that involves recalling correctly, rehearsing, organising and storing. Studies at a collage level have shown that there is a general increase in measures of cognitive functioning when this model of learning is used. Concerning gender difference in learning, it would seem that there are gender differences in learning styles but we have to be careful to take into account that the possibility that gender alone may not be the reason for the differences. ...read more.

Conclusion

Spelt is good in that the active teacher participation ensures the learner is getting full attention and that their not missing out on anything covered. A disadvantage is that the child can become bored with being taught face to face without much time to relax and so this can make them sidetrack and loose concentration. The S.P.E.L.T learning model is easily applied to students and it doesn't require a separate classroom for them as they can all be taught by the same teacher at once. It is also cheap and easy to schedule. On the other hand students need to be motivated in order for it to work. Advantages of M.U.R.D.E.R include a proven increase in cognitive functioning at a collage level however the model is very complex. It requires less teacher participation and more of the learners own effort to complete the work. This is useful for the learner because they have to figure things out for themselves and are not constantly being "spoon-fed" by the teacher. This learning model may have negative effects on less intelligent students as they have little teacher guidance to help them avoid making mistakes. The M.U.R.D.E.R method is relatively easy for the teacher as it requires less planning and participation. ...read more.

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