• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Child Abuse

Extracts from this document...


Assignment one "Abuse is the violation of a human's rights by any other person/persons. Abuse is can intentional, but sometimes abuse can happen because somebody does not know how to act correctly." There are 4 main types of abuse. These are: * Physical * Emotional * Sexual * Neglect Physical Abuse: "Physical abuse consists of anything one person does to another that causes physical pain" Physical abuse consists of: * Slapping * Pinching * Punching * Pushing * Throwing objects at another person * Assaulting someone with an object The indicators of physical abuse include: * Bruises * Black eyes * Knocked out teeth * Broken bones * Internal organ injuries * Brain concussions * Cuts * Underweight * Poor hygiene * Infections The behavioural indicator for physical abuse consists of: * Withdrawal * Aggression * Hunger * Low self-esteem * Developmental delay * Reluctance to go home Emotional abuse: "Emotional abuse allows one person to gain power and control over another through words and gestures which gradually undermine the other's self respect." Emotional abuse is more difficult to spot because it does not have as many physical aspects to it as physical abuse. However, the change in a person's behaviour when they are being emotionally abused is very recognisable. The behavioural indicator for emotional abuse consists of: * Blaming * Accusing * Yelling * Screaming * Making threats * Degrading insults * Destructive criticism * Sulking * Manipulation * Neglecting * Not listening * Withholding affection * Depression or Anxiety ...read more.


The fourth factor is that no effective 'lifeline,' or line of communication to sources of aid, exists at the moment of crisis." The medical theory is important for us to understand, because it helps us understand more about the physical effects of abuse that is visible to the eye. However to understand the medical theory fully we have to also look at the attachment theory. The attachment theory is about the psychological tendency to seek closeness to another person, to feel secure when that person is present, and to feel anxious when that person is absent. The medical theory is closely linked with the attachment theory. John Bowlby, who came up with the theory, linked to Kempe's because of emotional, behavioural, mental-health and abusing problems, which children had after being abused, for a long period of time. Bowlby linked his theory to Kempe's theory because he looked at the long-term effects on the development of children who had been separated from their parents. This gave them the result of abuse and neglect. In contrast to the medical theory is the feminist theory, because it only explains about the sexual side of abuse from a woman's point of view: a woman called Beatrix Campbell. Beatrix Campbell was a British campaigning journalist and author and considered herself a communist feminist. She did a lot of work on the Cleveland case which was very male-dominated. ...read more.


Illness, poverty and unemployment were all reasons why people went on to abuse children. However Donileen R. Loseke wrote in her book 'through a sociological Lens' that child abuse depends on not what state the society you live in is like, but the area of family and friends in which you live in. It is important to mention the sociological theory because it brings in understanding from outside our minds that we may have never known. In conclusion there are many people who debate that only one of these theories are important but, in my opinion, they are all as important as one another. People think that only one theory is important, this is because they only see one or two types of abuse. Then we assume that this is the most important type of abuse and need to do everything possible to stop it. However, all are important because they combine to give us a more precise view of child abuse in today's society. Overall, the theories and models that we have looked at bring a different element of understanding to abuse and a sense of realising when, where and how abuse happens. Therefore all the theories are useful in evaluating and furthering the knowledge and investigation into the realms of child abuse. BIBLOGRAPHY Physical Abuse - * http://www.mamashealth.com/abuse/physical.asp Definition of Abuse - * http://www.publicguardian.gov.uk/concerns/what-is-abuse.htm Sexual Abuse - * http://www.nspcc.org.uk/help-and-advice/worried-about-a-child/talking-to-our-experts/types-of-child-abuse/sexual-abuse-definition/sexual-abuse_wda75436.htm * http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/child-abuse/physical-child-abuse.html * http://www.kidscape.org.uk/professionals/childabuse.shtml Emotional Abuse - * http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/mental.html Neglect - * http://www.nspcc.org.uk/help-and-advice/worried-about-a-child/talking-to-our-experts/types-of-child-abuse/neglect-definition/neglect_wda75435.html * http://www.helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm Psychological theory - * http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/870916 Feminist theory - * http://www.saff.ukhq.co.uk/bcamp.htm * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beatrix_Campbell Sociological theory - * http://www.corwin.com/upm-data/5159_Loseke_Rev_I_Proof_Chapter_3.pdf ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Appraising Enquiry

    It is hoped that from carrying out the research the school, other practitioners and the writer will be able to implement the rewards and positive reinforcement across the whole school to reduce the amount incidents the children who have challenging behaviour and also other children within the school.

  2. Problem formulation - Background of the dissertation.

    0 0,0% 1 Definitely go 5 5,4% 2 Probably go 38 40,9% 3 Not sure 29 31,2% 4 Probably not go 15 16,1% 5 Definitely not go 6 6,5% 8 How reliable do you think the study abroad intermediary companies are in China?

  1. Child Protection

    Also, the stepfather abusing Amy can lead Amy feeling worthless and emotionally unstable. There are social issues that may be a reason that can increase a risk of a child getting abuse. Beckett (2007) argues there is a link between sexual abuse and marital dysfunction, presence of stepfather in the family and parental alcoholism.

  2. The Intricate Functions of the Human Brain

    It is important to note that some of the cues that will be mentioned in the following paragraph are designed to work with only one eye while others necessitate the use of both eyes (Eldora New Providence High School, n.d.).

  1. Does attachment theory provide a sound basis for advice on how to bring up ...

    The act of programming helps to develop skills such as that of breaking down problems into manageable units, and these skills can be applied to other situations. Papert refers to these generalisable problem-solving skills as 'powerful ideas' (Littleton, 1995 p.

  2. Appraising enquiry and research techniques

    Case studies, surveys, ethnographic and grounded theory can be used with the action research paradigm. After reviewing the paradigms the writer has chosen a paradigm that she will use as part of her research. The paradigm that is going to be used within the writer's research is the action research paradigm.

  1. Understanding Children(TM)s Behaviour

    There are two main types of interventions; those designed to increase appropriate behaviour through positive and negative reinforcement, and reward systems, and those designed to decrease inappropriate behaviour through time-out, sanctions, and punishment. Humanistic Perspective Maslow believed that human needs were arranged in an order of hierarchy.

  2. Every Child Matters

    publications has ten key elements to ensure that the needs of children and young people are thoroughly met and addressed properly. Three of the ten mentioned key elements include (1) the duty to cooperate to promote the well being of children and young adults, (2)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work