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The process by which popular films are diffused across time and space is based on price-discriminatory practices, whereby audiences pay higher prices to see films at the cinema than when subsequently released through the ancillary markets of pay cable te

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Introduction

My name Professor's name Class 5 June 2006 Hopeful Girls, Troubled boys - Race and Gender Disparity in Urban Education by Nancy Lopez Hopeful Girls, Troubled boys - Race and Gender Disparity in Urban Education is a book by Nancy Lopes in which the author analyzes role of gender and race in education and further life of Dominican, West Indian and Haitian students. The writer herself is an assistant professor of sociology at the University of New Mexico Albuquerque. She studies ethnicity, gender, education and Latino-Dominican community issues. Dr. Lopez taught at Baruch College, John Jay College and La Guardia Community College of The City University of New York, as well as The University of Massachusetts-Boston. Her published works include Teacher's College Record (2002), Race, Ethnicity and Education (2002), Equity and Excellence (2000), The Latino Studies Journal (1998), The City University of New York Dominican Studies Institute Monograph Series (1997), and Phoebe: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Feminist Scholarship, Theory, and Aesthetics (1995). Besides, the writer earned a B.A. ...read more.

Middle

She states that boys are constantly challenged and put down while girls are encouraged and complimented in cases they do something well. Hence, the boys perceive teachers as discouraging them from attending school while the girls seem to be encouraged to stay in school. Boys are shown to get poor grades on tests. Young women at the same time get good grades, are being placed in honours and college prep courses. In the writer's opinion teachers put lower expectations on Dominican boys and, consequently, they have lower grades. Race, gender and class are equally taken into account in the given study; however, gender seems to be the primary issues of the analysis. Both men and women have been equally examined. At the same time the research might appear to be somewhat inadequate for it was conducted only in schools of New York and it should be mentioned that school policies, attitudes and customs of this city may differ from those of smaller cities - study seems to be too locally-concentrated. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some things are just generally accepted. Some events happen not because the society doesn't care about somebody, but because that somebody has no desire and motivation to act or behave differently. People are not perfect, there is no perfect society. Dr. Lopez tries to draw general attention to the problem of race and gender in education - but this problem is not new. America is a country of immigrants, a great mix of various ethnicities, cultures and mentalities. Surely, in such an environment conflict and misunderstanding happen, but shouldn't the author, instead of defending the rights of her ethnical group, aim her efforts on the improvement of educational system in general?.. As she writes, students don't have textbooks - in such a situation why are they expected to study well? Almaguer, Tomas. Racial Fault Lines: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in California. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press, 1994. Collins, Patricia Hill. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. New York: Routledge, 2000. Espiritu, Yen Le. Asian American Men and Women: Labor, Laws, and Love. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1996. ...read more.

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