• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bilingual language aquisition

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

First language acquisition Natalie S. Nilssen & Julie A. Brandsnes, Sept./Oct. 2011 Bilingual language acquisition We devide between two types of bilingualism. Sequential and simultaneous. When a child learns two different languages from their date of birth, it is a form of bilingualism which is called simultaneous bilingualism. The learning prosess of both the languages needs to take place before the age of two, and until the final learning stage is reached. This in order for it to be called simultaneous bilingualism. Both languages are considered as first languages. At least according to Annick De Houwer. A common misunderstanding when we are talking about bilingualism is the idea that bilingular children will have "language handicaps" in comparison to monolingual children. The early research from the beginnning of the last century that prooved the connection between bilingualism and a lower intelligence level, contained several flaws. The children in the different language groups also came from different social classes. ...read more.

Middle

Some of the childres speak Spanish at home, while English is used everywhere else. In the kindergarden, at school, in stores and supermarkets. One of many questions that comes up when we talk about bilingual language acquisition is whether or not the language development is the same for monolingual children and bilingual children. There are two completely different kinds of for example vocabularies and syntactical systems that needs to be learned, in comparison to learning only Norwegian. If we compare the Spanish, the Norwegian and the English phrase: "I do not like mondays" we easily see that the sentence structures are completely different from one another. * No me gustan los lunes. (Don't I like the mondays) * Jeg liker ikke mandager. (I like don't mondays) * I do not like mondays. It seems likely that learning the differences in two languages is quite challenging, when these kinds of differences can be very confusing. The study of bilingualism has been going on in almost 100 years now, with the first official study in 1913. ...read more.

Conclusion

These cases could lead to the risk of failure or delay academicly speaking. Bilingular children could also have problems identifying with the languages, and be socio-cultural misfits. Despite this, the benefits of having two native languages are so many, better ability to learn new words easily for instance. They advantage from this in the job market, being able to speak two languages is extremely beneficial for the career opportuneties. The cultural benefits from originating from two countries are irreplaceable. Bilinguals can enjoy litterature, music and folk stories from different cultures. Think about the amount of books they have available. They have advantages in thinking, because they have more words for everything. This helps develop creativity and flexibility in their thinking. It also enhances the mental development. In fact, bilinguals have better scores at IQ tests than monolinguals. The advantages are so many. Sources: http://www.psych.mcgill.ca/perpg/fac/genesee/HDBK%20BFLA%20FINAL.pdf, sept. 2005. http://www.healthofchildren.com/B/Bilingualism-Bilingual-Education.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simultaneous_bilingualism http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=78769 http://www.readingrockets.org/article/12916/ http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/121/10/1841.abstract http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/scotland/edinburgh_and_east/6382285.stm http://www.naldic.org.uk/ITTSEAL2/teaching/SLA.cfm Genesee, F., & Nicoladis, E. (2006). Bilingual acquisition. In E. Hoff & M. Shatz (eds.), Handbook of Language Development, Oxford, Eng.: Blackwell. De Houwer, Annick.The Handbook of Child Language ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Argumentative or Persuasive Essays section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Argumentative or Persuasive Essays essays

  1. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of both the Prescriptive and Descriptive approaches to language. ...

    A great number of changes in language may lead to ambiguity in grammar, vocabulary, and even pronunciation. In this case we have to return to a more traditional approach which will help to clarify everything. The second strength of the prescriptive method is that it is easier to teach.

  2. Discuss the implications of the global spread of English for the learning and teaching ...

    It is debatable as to whether the effects of French linguistic protectionism will have any noticeable effect outside the French-speaking community. However, the debate surrounding the need for monitoring the English used by international air traffic controllers bears witness to the fact that the political aspects concerning the validity of the "new Englishes" may have more far-reaching consequences.

  1. Free essay

    It may be easier for infants to communicate in a visual method such as ...

    science, and the trending "edutainment" industry, the actual importance and effectiveness has been misrepresented and exaggerated. It is claimed by linguists, including Noam Chomsky that humans are born into the world with a natural knowledge of language referred to as the "language faculty".

  2. What do you understand by Pidgins and Creoles? Discuss with examples why these languages ...

    ?Once a creole has developed it can be used for all the functions of any language ? politics, education, administration, original literature and so on.? (Holmes, J. 2001:89) These functions further dismiss the claim of a ?corrupt? or ?ungrammatical? language.

  1. Bruner and Wittgenstein: Language Learning

    Antithetical to this, Bruner hypothesizes extensively about children's ability to learn language in what he openly calls "the a priori side of it" (Bruner 1983, 122). In Child's Talk, we thus encounter a mixture of cognitive endowments children are said to have, biological competence, along with various forms of social

  2. What happens to the "lost language" in language attrition?

    Studies such as Kauffman (2001) cited in Seliger & Vago (1991)found that the attrition of Language 1 is different for those who have not yet reached the critical period and those who have gone past it i.e. attrition is found to be much more severe in adults than in children.

  1. Analysis of Language Use in Hugh MacDiarmid's "Water Gaw" and Gerard Manley Hopkins ...

    It would have been possible to keep the beauty for example: ?the half whisper of a rainbow? which, though I am not a poet, sounds much gentler than the harsh lexicon used by MacDiarmid. Despite his claim of antisyzygy, determining his anti-synthesisation of the Scots vernacular and Standard English (AB, p.53), MacDiarmid?s lexical choices include a synergy of both languages.

  2. What is the usefulness of comparing human language with other communication systems? How similar ...

    Secondly, one must ask what counts as communication. Different animals relate emotional reactions through movement (such as dogs wagging their tails, cats spitting). However, these are instinctive reactions. Should communication be defined as the intention of conveying information? If so, then yet another difficulty arises, in distinguishing between the simple everyday act of smoothing one?s hair.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work