• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Human Emotion and Motivation - Biological Basis of Behavior.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Human Emotion and Motivation

Biological Basis of Behavior

19/12/03

        Emotions and motivations are a vital influence on everyday human life. Emotions are something that everyone experiences and understands, at least in simple terms. In addition, motivation is also something that is understood in laymen terms. Most people would probably describe it as the force that makes them work extra hours to earn a promotion or stay up all night to finish a paper so they are able to earn good marks. Humans are constantly feeling emotions and consistently experiencing a motivating force. However, the actual cause of what makes someone afraid or what causes one to eat food is an area that is only beginning to be understood by scientists. Theories have been developed and altered on a consistent basis, but still there are no definitive answers to these questions. A brief history of those past theories is explored for the purpose of giving insight into the modern theories that scientists have developed. This paper will then explain that the limbic system’s existence in the human brain is questionable, however, the limbic system will still be referred to as a system in the human brain to create consistency and understanding.

...read more.

Middle

        This paper will continue to use the term “limbic system” for simplicity and constancy reasons. Moreover, not every function in the limbic system is involved with emotion or motivation (LeDoux, 1998). The brainstem, hippocampal system, and amygdala are key factors in emotion (Martin, 1998). The limbic system is also known for being responsible for motivated actions such as fleeing, feeding, fighting, and sexual behavior. Other major parts of the limbic system include the mammillary body, fornix, cingulate cortex, septum, hypothalamus, and olfactory bulb (Pinel, 2003). The amygdala and hypothalamus are two structures that often receive much attention when it comes to emotion and motivation. The amygdala is a vital element in the production of fear. It also assists in maintaining anxiety and many other emotions (Martin, 1998). This structure has been proven to be an essential link in the emotion processes, but not the limbic system (Pinel, 2003). Unilateral or bilateral damage to the amygdala has proven a severe handicap in patients trying to recognize the expression of fear and possibly other emotions (Martin, 1998). Likewise, the hypothalamus is a key concept in the Cannon-Bard theory, which links it as an essential component of the rage response. They discovered a raged response could only be produced with extremely intense stimuli and even then, the results were not typical (LeDoux, 1998).

...read more.

Conclusion

References

        Damasio, A. R. (1994). Descartes’ error: emotion, reason, and the human brain. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

        Damasio, A.R. & Hoesen, W.V (1983). Emotional disturbances associated with focal lesions of the limbic frontal lobes. In K.M. Heilman & P. Satz (Eds). Neuropsycholgoy of Human Emotion (Vol. 1, pp85-108). New York: The Guilford Press.

        LeDoux, J. (1999). The emotional brain. Phoenix: Orion Books Ltd.

Pinel, J.P.J. (2003). Biopsychology. (5th Ed). Boston: Allyn & Bacon

        Martin, G. (1998). Human neuropsychology. London: Prentice Hall Europe.

        Parkinson, B. & Colman, A.M. (1995). Emotion and motivation. London: Longman

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Computer Science section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Computer Science essays

  1. The purpose of this project is to discuss the issues associated with the deployment ...

    employment for locals in this town" or "we inform students of their results, taking into account privacy considerations". Notice that the root definition defines what is agreed and what is still up for discussion, and that many important (but not yet agreed)

  2. The project explains various algorithms that are exercised to recognize the characters present on ...

    There are two parts to the Template Matching Algorithm. In the first part, it calculates the matching percentile for the whole image i.e., each template consists of 8192 pixels. Based on the number of matched pixels between two templates, it calculates the overall matched percentile.

  1. Implementation of Path Finding Techniques in Homeland Security Robots

    1.7.2 Technical Limitations This section focuses on various limitations of the thesis as listed below * Difficulty in implementing C, C++ plugins. * Difficulty in navigating the vehicle. * Lack of data structures like stacks and queues in Steve. 1.7.3 Potential Hazards The precautions that were strictly followed during the

  2. What is research?

    insofar as can be described based on the trends and potentialities of current prospects of both human capacity and technological innovation (I.T.) 1.1.2 Further Definitions As it stands, some background philosophical concepts must be defined as general precursors to both research and any description thereof.

  1. Security in a computing world.

    Sequence numbers are used to provide reliability, ordering, protection from duplicates, if retransmission is asked. The acknowledgement number is used in the acknowledgements returned by recipient, to indicate which segment is being acknowledged. Data offset describes where in the TCP packet the header ends and the data starts.

  2. Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) technology is rapidly becoming a crucial component of computer ...

    Thanks to the finalisation of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11 wireless LAN standard, wireless technology has emerged from the world of proprietary implementation to become an open solution. It provides mobility as well as essential network services where wire-line installation proved impractical.

  1. Papez (1937) first postulated that there were a collection of structures within the brain, ...

    MacLean (1985) conceptualized the brain in terms of a tripartite, evolutionary hierarchical structure, comprising the 'primitive reptilian' brain, the more elaborate 'old mammalian' and the most recent and advanced 'new mammalian' brain. It was the 'old mammalian,'(or 'Paleomammalian') brain he stated, which comprised the structures of the limbic system.

  2. NCC International Advanced Diploma in Computer ...

    Updating Unix distribution and kernel Unix Structure The Unix Kernel is the heart of the UNIX system. The structures of Unix Kernel consist of User level and Kernel level (and hardware level). The UNIX distribution was underlying on the user level in which some package software are installed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work