• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Human Emotion and Motivation - Biological Basis of Behavior.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Human Emotion and Motivation

Biological Basis of Behavior

19/12/03

        Emotions and motivations are a vital influence on everyday human life. Emotions are something that everyone experiences and understands, at least in simple terms. In addition, motivation is also something that is understood in laymen terms. Most people would probably describe it as the force that makes them work extra hours to earn a promotion or stay up all night to finish a paper so they are able to earn good marks. Humans are constantly feeling emotions and consistently experiencing a motivating force. However, the actual cause of what makes someone afraid or what causes one to eat food is an area that is only beginning to be understood by scientists. Theories have been developed and altered on a consistent basis, but still there are no definitive answers to these questions. A brief history of those past theories is explored for the purpose of giving insight into the modern theories that scientists have developed. This paper will then explain that the limbic system’s existence in the human brain is questionable, however, the limbic system will still be referred to as a system in the human brain to create consistency and understanding.

...read more.

Middle

        This paper will continue to use the term “limbic system” for simplicity and constancy reasons. Moreover, not every function in the limbic system is involved with emotion or motivation (LeDoux, 1998). The brainstem, hippocampal system, and amygdala are key factors in emotion (Martin, 1998). The limbic system is also known for being responsible for motivated actions such as fleeing, feeding, fighting, and sexual behavior. Other major parts of the limbic system include the mammillary body, fornix, cingulate cortex, septum, hypothalamus, and olfactory bulb (Pinel, 2003). The amygdala and hypothalamus are two structures that often receive much attention when it comes to emotion and motivation. The amygdala is a vital element in the production of fear. It also assists in maintaining anxiety and many other emotions (Martin, 1998). This structure has been proven to be an essential link in the emotion processes, but not the limbic system (Pinel, 2003). Unilateral or bilateral damage to the amygdala has proven a severe handicap in patients trying to recognize the expression of fear and possibly other emotions (Martin, 1998). Likewise, the hypothalamus is a key concept in the Cannon-Bard theory, which links it as an essential component of the rage response. They discovered a raged response could only be produced with extremely intense stimuli and even then, the results were not typical (LeDoux, 1998).

...read more.

Conclusion

References

        Damasio, A. R. (1994). Descartes’ error: emotion, reason, and the human brain. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

        Damasio, A.R. & Hoesen, W.V (1983). Emotional disturbances associated with focal lesions of the limbic frontal lobes. In K.M. Heilman & P. Satz (Eds). Neuropsycholgoy of Human Emotion (Vol. 1, pp85-108). New York: The Guilford Press.

        LeDoux, J. (1999). The emotional brain. Phoenix: Orion Books Ltd.

Pinel, J.P.J. (2003). Biopsychology. (5th Ed). Boston: Allyn & Bacon

        Martin, G. (1998). Human neuropsychology. London: Prentice Hall Europe.

        Parkinson, B. & Colman, A.M. (1995). Emotion and motivation. London: Longman

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Computer Science section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Computer Science essays

  1. Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) technology is rapidly becoming a crucial component of computer ...

    Geographical Region Permissible Channels United States 1-11 Canada 1-11 Europe Except Spain and France 1-13 Spain 12-13 France 4 Japan 1-14 4.9 Providing Authentication and Encryption Because of the open broadcast nature of Wireless LANs, appropriate level of security is essential.

  2. Security in a computing world.

    Where attacker try to stole established session from the user and then impersonating as him or her. This type of attack is also known as Man in the Middle attack. TCP Session Hijacking It is necessary for the attacker to sit in between the two hosts who is having conversation,

  1. The purpose of this project is to discuss the issues associated with the deployment ...

    With WAP 2.0, there is a considerable increase in the number of features available to developers, operators and users. These will be discussed more fully later in the document. 1.5 Alignment with New Technologies and Standards WAP protocols are largely based on Internet technologies.

  2. The project explains various algorithms that are exercised to recognize the characters present on ...

    INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 Introduction to License Plate Recognition System 1 1.2 Purpose of the Project 1 1.3 Significance of the Project 2 1.4 Organization of Report 2 2. BASIC INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL IMAGING 4 2.1 Digital Imaging 4 2.2 The RGB Color Space 4 2.3 YUV Color Space 5 2.4 YCrCb (or YCbCr)

  1. What is research?

    However, it is not very helpful to accept as a starting point a multifarious and unstratified notion of research being any intellectual activity at all or indeed any action of conscious agents in an arena subject to empirical processes. Though it may at some future point be advantageous to expand

  2. Implementation of Path Finding Techniques in Homeland Security Robots

    2.2.1 General Search Algorithm..............................................................6 The Romanian Travel Example...................................................7 2.2.2 Uninformed Search Strategies........................................................8 2.2.2.1 Breadth-first Search.......................................................8 2.2.2.2 Depth-first Search.........................................................9 2.2.2.3 Iterative Deepening Search..............................................9 2.2.3 Informed (Heuristic) Search Strategies...........................................10 2.3 Cell Decomposition Methods.............................................................13 2.4 Skeletonisation..............................................................................14 2.4.1 Voronoi Graph.............................................................14 2.4.2 Probabilistic Roadmap....................................................14 2.5 Path Planning Using Potential Fields...................................................15 2.6 Path Planning Using Pheromones...............................................................15

  1. NCC International Advanced Diploma in Computer ...

    Updating Unix distribution and kernel Unix Structure The Unix Kernel is the heart of the UNIX system. The structures of Unix Kernel consist of User level and Kernel level (and hardware level). The UNIX distribution was underlying on the user level in which some package software are installed.

  2. Artificial Intelligence as a Positive and Negative Factors in Human Life.

    For example, in scientific area, "AI is the science of intelligence. As a science, AI primarily involves falsifiable claims, i.e., testable hypotheses regarding the structures and processes that are necessary and sufficient for intelligent behavior" (Honavar 3). On the other hand, in study of engineering: AI is a branch of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work