skin desease and disorders
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Dermatology, a medical experience focusing on skin diseases and disorders of the skin. The skin is the largest and one of the most significant organs in the human body. It is the bodies defence again heat, radiation including harmful sunrays, infection and injury. The skin has many properties to keep our body healthy and running smoothly throughout life, for example regulating body temperature, and storing vital substances such as fat, water and vitamin D. The skin contains three core layers the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous layer, the average therapist only tends to work on the top outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Therefore it is important to understand and recognize the diseases and disorders that may arise during the consultation and treatment. As a result this assignment will discuss three common skin disorders Impetigo, Acne Vulgaris and Skin cancer (Melanoma). It will show a clear description of the appearance and symptoms of each, and analyse when confronted with the conditions how a therapist would handle the situation in a spa environment. The skin is susceptible to a wide range of conditions through bacteria, fungal and parasites. Bacterial skin diseases are caused by simple micro organisms that can take over the skin tissue, the size of the infection is dependent on the degree of organisms that are existing at the time (see Fig.
The over production of sebum in the skin surface attracts the bacteria which clumps together producing an infection of the hair follicle. There are many other causes that have been researched relating to stress, leading to hormonal imbalances and even liver congestion that can stop the normalisation of testosterone in the body. The skin of an acne patient will often have signs of erythema and will look swollen and painful. The area will feel very uneven and rough to touch. Acne consists of many different lesions depending on how severe the acne is, and what stage the infection is at. These include: papules (a spot with no white head this will have signs of erythema and be tender to touch), pustules (the next step from a papule and will be very inflamed with signs of erythema and a yellow puss will be apparent in the centre), comedone (also know as a blackhead, this is a blocked pore which can often turn into a papule or pustule if left unattended). Scaring can arise if the sufferer is squeezing or picking the lesions (Acne.org 1997). There are many different treatments for acne, however the most common is just a straightforward skin care routine of cleansing the skin twice daily with a suitable cleanser for the skin type.
At the end of the form the client will sign and date do declare that all the information is correct, this allows the therapist to carry on with the treatment. If a client does have any contra indications to a treatment, it will be put into two categories, to restrict the treatment or to stop the treatment. To restrict the treatment the condition is normally minor for example a wart or a verruca. The therapist can work around the area or should avoid the whole area in general, for example the leg. If a condition is severe or highly contagious the therapist has the right to stop the treatment, if the therapist is unsure about whether she/he can carry out the treatment it is important to refer the client to a doctor to ask for permission. It is important and professional that a therapist does not send the client away without a treatment if possible, for example, a client wanting a massage, however has thrombosis, should be told about alternative treatments in this case a manicure. The three diseases that have been discussed are only a few out of the thousands diagnosed. It is important as a therapist to have a clear understanding of conditions which they will come across in every day life working in a spa or salon. Appendix .
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