• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12

skin desease and disorders

Extracts from this document...


Dermatology, a medical experience focusing on skin diseases and disorders of the skin. The skin is the largest and one of the most significant organs in the human body. It is the bodies defence again heat, radiation including harmful sunrays, infection and injury. The skin has many properties to keep our body healthy and running smoothly throughout life, for example regulating body temperature, and storing vital substances such as fat, water and vitamin D. The skin contains three core layers the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous layer, the average therapist only tends to work on the top outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Therefore it is important to understand and recognize the diseases and disorders that may arise during the consultation and treatment. As a result this assignment will discuss three common skin disorders Impetigo, Acne Vulgaris and Skin cancer (Melanoma). It will show a clear description of the appearance and symptoms of each, and analyse when confronted with the conditions how a therapist would handle the situation in a spa environment. The skin is susceptible to a wide range of conditions through bacteria, fungal and parasites. Bacterial skin diseases are caused by simple micro organisms that can take over the skin tissue, the size of the infection is dependent on the degree of organisms that are existing at the time (see Fig. ...read more.


The over production of sebum in the skin surface attracts the bacteria which clumps together producing an infection of the hair follicle. There are many other causes that have been researched relating to stress, leading to hormonal imbalances and even liver congestion that can stop the normalisation of testosterone in the body. The skin of an acne patient will often have signs of erythema and will look swollen and painful. The area will feel very uneven and rough to touch. Acne consists of many different lesions depending on how severe the acne is, and what stage the infection is at. These include: papules (a spot with no white head this will have signs of erythema and be tender to touch), pustules (the next step from a papule and will be very inflamed with signs of erythema and a yellow puss will be apparent in the centre), comedone (also know as a blackhead, this is a blocked pore which can often turn into a papule or pustule if left unattended). Scaring can arise if the sufferer is squeezing or picking the lesions (Acne.org 1997). There are many different treatments for acne, however the most common is just a straightforward skin care routine of cleansing the skin twice daily with a suitable cleanser for the skin type. ...read more.


At the end of the form the client will sign and date do declare that all the information is correct, this allows the therapist to carry on with the treatment. If a client does have any contra indications to a treatment, it will be put into two categories, to restrict the treatment or to stop the treatment. To restrict the treatment the condition is normally minor for example a wart or a verruca. The therapist can work around the area or should avoid the whole area in general, for example the leg. If a condition is severe or highly contagious the therapist has the right to stop the treatment, if the therapist is unsure about whether she/he can carry out the treatment it is important to refer the client to a doctor to ask for permission. It is important and professional that a therapist does not send the client away without a treatment if possible, for example, a client wanting a massage, however has thrombosis, should be told about alternative treatments in this case a manicure. The three diseases that have been discussed are only a few out of the thousands diagnosed. It is important as a therapist to have a clear understanding of conditions which they will come across in every day life working in a spa or salon. Appendix . ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Miscellaneous essays

  1. Wind turbines a boon to the environment or a landscape scar

    Projects Turbines Megawatts Homes Equivalent CO2 reductions (pa) SO2 reductions (pa) NOX reductions (pa) 154 1899 2293.885 1282623 5184364 tonnes 60283 tonnes 18085 tonnes The above table is showing the current wind farm projects in the UK, the number of turbines that would be required for those sites, the total

  2. understanding cell structure / tissue types and functions

    Cell secretions include hormones and neurotransmitters Cytoskeleton This helps to maintain the shape and structure of the cell, primarily it is designed to assist cell motility, and without this the organelle, cell and muscle fibres could not move/contract. The cytoskeleton is made up of three primary protein filaments; microtubules, actin filament (microfilaments)

  1. The three core conditions of Carl Rogers are easy attributes for the Person Centred ...

    These values and beliefs should be properly addressed through reflection and supervision, but if they should arise when a client is present then the counsellor is obligated to make a judgement on how authentic it is appropriate to be in that moment (Sanders, 2004).

  2. Management Principles Assignment 1

    * Personnel Growth I see this as developing myself professionally whether it be through my college course, CPD or professional memberships. * Status, this could be included in the above with being a member of a professional qualification. * Relationships with subordinates, I feel that if you are able to

  1. Housing Risk Assesment

    Ill health effects include increased allergic reactions (mould is a potent airborne allergen) symptoms such as eczema, coughing and wheezing which could result in asthma. Stress and depression can result from the visual effects of the mould growth. This could also result in low self esteem and embarrassment of the

  2. Are Different Treatment Approaches to Managing Children with ADHD Competing or Complementary?

    These sessions can serve in strengthening the child's low self-esteem, educating parents about the disorder and enhancing daily coping skills (Call-Schmidt and Maharaj, 2004). Educational interventions commonly use behavioural therapy. However, they are set apart from behavioural therapy in that the educators modify the circumstances presented to the child in order to inhibit the undesired behaviour.

  1. Food Standards Agency Traffic Light System

    The area under discussion is an imperative study currently being assessed by the FSA and is at the fore front of their research into consumers attitudes towards healthy eating. The FSA have developed a nutritional labelling study 'To assess shopper's views on the traffic light colours, the current GDA and

  2. International Resort & Spa Management

    2.1.2 Socio-economic group The method allows to divided up markets in order to range in different status groups, this method will benefit a role on which product and service can be sold to which specific customer. The groups are spilt into 6 sections based on occupation then represented with the following letters A, B, C1, C2, D and E.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work