• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The three core conditions of Carl Rogers are easy attributes for the Person Centred Counsellor to use: explore and discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The three core conditions of Carl Rogers are easy attributes for the Person Centred Counsellor to use: explore and discuss. The core conditions model introduced by Carl Rogers was originally a feat by Rogers to devise an empirical formulation of an approach to therapy that was already successful and widely implemented. Rogers attempted through his model to envelop the core concepts of his unique approach to clients specifying the features of an interpersonal environment facilitating actualisation and personal growth. The six conditions presented by Rogers (1957:95) provided a bold statement to alternative psychological perspectives by its claim that they were not just useful, but completely sufficient in themselves. They enabled the person-centred counsellor to form a relationship with the client that is healing, allowing the client to feel accepted and valued. According to Rogers, for productive and positive personality change to occur these conditions must be present continuously for them to be sufficient. This mode of working is dependant on the counsellor's ability to convey these qualities in terms of authentic and powerful presence (McLeod, 2003). Three concepts from the original model are the core conditions used in contemporary person-centred counselling, they include congruence, empathy and unconditional positive regard. This combination of attitudes and skills are also considered sufficient to facilitate therapeutic progress because the belief is that the relationship between counsellor and client (or person to person) is the central element in effective therapy (Dryden and Feltham, 2004). ...read more.

Middle

How can a counsellor empathise with a client without identifying with what the client is explaining by recalling similar previous experiences? If Alfred's wife is killed in a car accident and when speaking to an acquaintance she claims to 'know just how he feels', Alfred is unlikely to be reassured by this and might question how she could possibly know how he is feeling, unless she had previously experienced the exact same thing (McNabb, Philosophynow.org). When identification such as this occurs in a counsellor/client relationship it can obstruct genuine empathy because counsellor's own feelings could get in the way of accurately understanding the client's (Sanders, 2002). Paradoxically, by Alfred assuming his friend couldn't not possibly know what he is feeling he is also claiming to know that she couldn't, that is to say, he is making an assertion as to how she is feeling (McNabb, Philosophynow.org). This argument might be resolved by the fact that many descriptions of empathy claim that is it to "try" to see another person's world from their own point of view. If the skill is defined merely by the attempt, then it would no doubt be easy for the counsellor to empathise. Congruence is also referred to as genuineness or authenticity in many texts and is to a counsellor's demonstration of honesty as an important element to both their character and their practice. It infers that the counsellor has an awareness and connection with their thoughts and feelings and the ability to judge when it is appropriate to express them (Dryden and Feltham, 2004). ...read more.

Conclusion

Although the three core conditions are discussed here in separate forms, it is logical to assume the three are indissoluble in practice. A counsellor can not be empathic and accepting while be being inauthentic (Perraton Mountford, 2006). Amalgamated as one tool the counsellor should easily be able to implement the core conditions through effective counselling skills such as; listening, paraphrasing, summarising, asking questions, reflecting, helping people clarify their thoughts encouraging them to focus on key issues. These skills should be second nature for the counsellor as will the attempt to be genuine, respectful and empathic. Although sometimes these attempts will be difficult, for the majority of clients it should not be. As Perraton Mountford suggests in his article (Therapy Today 2006 p34); "I am inclined to think that this is just how it is to be human.". Words: 1,775 Reference: Barret-Lennard, G. (1993) 'The Phases and Focus of Empathy'. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 66, 3 - 14. Feltham, C. and Dryden, W. (2004) Dictionary of Counselling. Second Edition. London: Whurr Publishers Ltd. MacNabb, R. (2007) The Paradox of Empathy. (Online) Available; http://www.philosophynow.org/issue52/52mcnabb.htm (Dated Accessed: 13th November 2007). McLeod, J. (2003) An Introduction to Counselling. Third Edition. Berkshire: Open University Press. Nelson-Jones, R. (1997) Practical Counselling and Helping Skills. Fourth Edition. London: Cassell. Perraton Mountford, C. (2006) 'Take Six Core Conditions'. Therapy Today, 17(4), 31 - 34. Rogers, C.R. (1957) 'The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change'. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 21, 95 - 103. Sanders, P. (2002) First Steps in Counselling. Third Edition. Ross-on-Wye: PCCS Books. Andria Dawson AT42657 Page 1 12/03/2008 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Miscellaneous essays

  1. How does Nabokov use narrative techniques in Lolita?

    The metaphor of the tongue indicates a double meaning, and is an extremely apt use of imagery, suggesting both his verbosity in this eloquent appraisal of Lolita and also indicating his animalistic lust for her.

  2. What are the key features of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT?) - How does CBT ...

    pragmatic amalgamation of the ideology of both cognitive and behavioural theories (Grazebrook and Garland, 2005). There are many facets to contemporary CBT as a result of the previously mentioned mass of regular contributions of new ideas and theories. There are however some key features comprehensively laid out by Grazebook and Garland (2005)

  1. Compare, contrast, and where possible synthesise, two major psychological approaches to understanding the core ...

    The theory-of-mind or "mentalising" deficit, initially originated from Leslie's (1987) model of first- and second-order representations. He insists an inability to form second-order representations would lead to a lack of mentalising (Baron-Cohen, 1987), in that autistic individuals may have problems attributing independent mental states to one self and others, impairing their ability to predict and explain behaviour.

  2. Describe the way that counselling as a profession has responded to changes in 21st ...

    experiences that white people have been exposed to during their lives, a phenomena that if remains unconscious, could affect cross race or cross culture counselling in a negative and potentially damaging way. This point is vastly important to the counselling process, any journey or exploration in to the subject of

  1. A Stylistic analysis of the use of point of view in The Bloody Chamber

    The Uspensky-Fowler model's identified temporal plane is intended to loosely cover any analysis of any manipulation of time sequence; which in this particular text for the majority of the narrative includes unpredictable jumps from one time to another, signposted by the subtle lexicalisation.

  2. How important is the concept of modularity in cognitiveneuropsychology?

    While perfect double dissociations may provide the most compelling evidence for modularity, they are relatively rare. Double dissociation, dissociations and associations all stem from an ontological viewpoint that create circularity in theory and observations. Taking the example of Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia, Van Orden, Pennington, & Stone (2001)point out that the dissociation of conceptual knowledge in (Broca's aphasiacs)

  1. Health and Fitness Awareness

    Agility is the skill to move in quick fluid movements this is very important when trying to improve sports performance. Agility involves changing directions whilst maintaining balance and speed. Agility can improve with practice and also by developing strength, suppleness and stamina.

  2. Free essay

    Essential oils which contain suitable antifungal activity

    The dermatophytosis most common in children (4. Abdel-Rahman SM, Nahata MC. Treatment of tinea capitis. Ann Pharmacother. 1997;31:338-4 ), and highly infectious in adults. Most of the time infections occur on the scalp and are mostly caused by species of the genera Microsporum and Trichophyton.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work