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Preparation of alum from scrap aluminium

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  • Essay length: 1517 words
  • Submitted: 12/10/2010
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University Degree Chemistry

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Chemistry 244

Experiment 3 - The preparation of alum from scrap aluminium

Dian Page

15533670

30 August 2010

Abstract

The recovery of aluminium from scrap aluminium through its conversion to potash alum (KAl(SO4)2·12H2O) was investigated. It was found that a final percentage yield of 76% was obtained. In addition a final yield of 9.00g was yielded.

Introduction

Aluminium, because of its low density, high tensile strength and resistance and resistance to corrosion, is widely used for the manufacture of aeroplanes, automobiles, lawn furniture as well as for aluminium cans. Being a good conductor of electricity, it is used for transmission of electricity. Aluminium is also used for making utensils. The recycling of aluminium cans and other aluminium products is a very positive contribution to saving our natural resources. Most of the recycled aluminium is melted and recast into other aluminium metal products or used in the production of various aluminium compounds, the most common of which are the alums.1 Alum is a salt that is a combination of an alkali metal, such as sodium, and a trivalent metal, such as aluminium.2 & 3 Alums are double sulphates having a general

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