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1) biologistic- reduces illness to natural to natural biological processes- seeks out a single, clearly identifiable pathogen- loses sight of the social context of the disease

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Introduction

Four characteristics of Biomedical model 1) biologistic - reduces illness to natural to natural biological processes - seeks out a single, clearly identifiable pathogen - loses sight of the social context of the disease 2) mechanistic - insists on a conceptual separation of body and mind - conceives of the body as a machine made up of interrelated parts - disease is attributed to malfunctioning part that requires fixing - loses sight of the whole subject 3) scientistic - regards the scientific method as providing the only means by which to access valid knowledge. - seeks to identify strict scientific principles or laws and hones in what can be directly observed and measured - loses sight of the meanings and feeling associated with the experience of disease 4) ...read more.

Middle

encourage individuals to take responsibility for their health, that is , they are expected to take on board the information provided by health experts, and to use this to monitor numerous lifestyle factors, including diet, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, exercise participation, stress level etc. this process involves 'internalising the gaze' of a range of health expert, and it renders more and more area of life 'relevant' to one's health status 5) has a proactive preventative ( is opposed to reactive curative emphasis, whereby it seeks to prevent diseases from occurring by positively influencing health - related behaviours Social Medicine - The 'radical' end of the public health continuum - focuses on life chances and social structure - advocates the structural transformation of society - preventative emphasis 1) ...read more.

Conclusion

- the amount of power and control one exercise; at work, and in life more generally - one's degree of integration into a supportive social network 6) in the workplace and beyond, control over one's destiny, is a pivotal factor in determining an individual's health prospects and such control is socially mediated. Health Unhealthy Cause, Responsibility Biomedical model Fortunate Unfortunate No individual and social group is responsible - ill health is a product of nature or biology and is ultimately a matter of fate Individual health promotion Responsible Irresponsible The individual is responsible - ill health is the outcome of unhealthy behaviours and unwise lifestyle choice Social medicine Social Advantage Social Disadvantaged Social group who foster, and profit from, inequality are responsible, ill- health is the product of social organisation ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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