• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

1) biologistic- reduces illness to natural to natural biological processes- seeks out a single, clearly identifiable pathogen- loses sight of the social context of the disease

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Four characteristics of Biomedical model 1) biologistic - reduces illness to natural to natural biological processes - seeks out a single, clearly identifiable pathogen - loses sight of the social context of the disease 2) mechanistic - insists on a conceptual separation of body and mind - conceives of the body as a machine made up of interrelated parts - disease is attributed to malfunctioning part that requires fixing - loses sight of the whole subject 3) scientistic - regards the scientific method as providing the only means by which to access valid knowledge. - seeks to identify strict scientific principles or laws and hones in what can be directly observed and measured - loses sight of the meanings and feeling associated with the experience of disease 4) ...read more.

Middle

encourage individuals to take responsibility for their health, that is , they are expected to take on board the information provided by health experts, and to use this to monitor numerous lifestyle factors, including diet, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, exercise participation, stress level etc. this process involves 'internalising the gaze' of a range of health expert, and it renders more and more area of life 'relevant' to one's health status 5) has a proactive preventative ( is opposed to reactive curative emphasis, whereby it seeks to prevent diseases from occurring by positively influencing health - related behaviours Social Medicine - The 'radical' end of the public health continuum - focuses on life chances and social structure - advocates the structural transformation of society - preventative emphasis 1) ...read more.

Conclusion

- the amount of power and control one exercise; at work, and in life more generally - one's degree of integration into a supportive social network 6) in the workplace and beyond, control over one's destiny, is a pivotal factor in determining an individual's health prospects and such control is socially mediated. Health Unhealthy Cause, Responsibility Biomedical model Fortunate Unfortunate No individual and social group is responsible - ill health is a product of nature or biology and is ultimately a matter of fate Individual health promotion Responsible Irresponsible The individual is responsible - ill health is the outcome of unhealthy behaviours and unwise lifestyle choice Social medicine Social Advantage Social Disadvantaged Social group who foster, and profit from, inequality are responsible, ill- health is the product of social organisation ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Concepts of health disease and illness.

    Many view health as being free of disease and illness and that as long as you are or feel "alright" you are healthy, but being "alright" does not mean being entirely without illness or disease. From a laypersons' point of view, my idea of "being healthy" would be to be

  2. How is illness socially constructed?

    Weather or not an individual visits the doctor effects morbidity rates. It is often assumed that once an individual develops symptoms of illness they go to a doctor but prior too this, the individual has to access their physical, psychological and social state as a health problem.

  1. Smoking policies in the workplace - should public bars be included in the ban?

    The focus group also provided some good discussion points, and I feel that this helped my respondents think the matter out clearly before putting answers into a questionnaire. In the questionnaire I feel I had an unbiased opinion as 50% were current smokers and 50% current non-smokers.

  2. Mind, Brain, Body and Context Essay

    Georgina's back problems would have a great effect on her biologically as she would be in extreme pain. This would make carrying out a lot of her day to day activities very difficult. Seeley et al (2008) say that one of the main treatments for people with this condition is

  1. What does it mean to say that illness is socially constructed? Focus your discussion ...

    Ayurvedic patients are classified by body types or Prakriti, which are determined by proportions of the three doshas. Illness is considered to be a matter of imbalance in the doshas. Treatment is aimed at restoring harmony or balance to the mind-body system.

  2. Within the context of social, political, and economic inequality, South Africa is extreme.

    Migrant labour also resulted in a gender ratio imbalance, with an excess of males in the urban areas and female-headed households in the poor rural areas. Rural employers paid minimal wages, which were insufficient to feed and clothe and entire family making it impossible to meet the social cost of

  1. Foster parent decision-making and the Health Belief Model.

    In addition to the size of the foster care population, the changing characteristics of foster children are another area of concern. Orme (2001) postulates that the mental health needs within the foster care population might experience an increase due

  2. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    The study included information submitted to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation by numerous (around 134) hospital facilities in the United States. It analysed data based on the reported outcomes. In addition, statistical modelling and logistic regression techniques were even used to analyse the collected information.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work