• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A Sociological Definition of Health and Illness

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Definition of Health and Illness. This essay will begin by discussing the different definitions of health and illness and will also discuss and enable the individual to understand why there are many diffrent definitions of health. It will give a clear defintion and evaluate views of health and illness in different societies. According to the World Health Organisation "health is a complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity" (Taylor et al, 1995) Definitions of health and illness vary, they cannot be defined in terms of anatomical, physiological or even mental attributes. Health is defined as the ability for the individual to function in a way which is acceptable to the group from which they belong. (Davey et al, 1984) The dictionary defines the word health as: "the condition of the body and the degree to which it is free from illness, or the state of being well" (www.cambridge.org.uk accessed 28/1/07) Good health is a mixture of physical, mental, emotional and social wellbeing. Health and illness can be defined in many different ways, the holistic concept of health would be viewed as being healthy and having no physical disorders or diseases, and also being emotionaly comfortable. A person who maybe feels anxious or suffers from low self esteem would, according to this theory not be well. People with this view tend to label themselves ill when they suffer from what may be classed as minor symptons such as tiredness, not just phsyical discomfort or pain. ...read more.

Middle

The understanding is that the patient would take the medicine prescribed and get better to then return to their place in society. (Scambler, 2003) When an individual visits a doctor the whole process can be followed through in a number of ways, a paternalistic way would be viewed as control by the doctor, and low patient control describes a situation where the doctor takes control and does what s/he thinks is in the best interest of the patient. A mutual meeting is characterised by the active involvement of patients as more equal partners in the consultation. Another view would be a Consumerist role, this is described as when the patient takes an active role and the doctor adopts a fairly passive one. When a consultation lacks direction this could be classed as a default role, this is when the doctor or the patient takes no control. (www.uwic.ac.uk ,accessed ) Sickness and morbidity can both be measured in many ways, some ways of measuring focus on disease while others are more concerned with illness. When morbidity statistics are examined it is important to be clear which of the two dimensions of health are being focused on. Hospital records hold statistical data which has been produced from consultations with patients and doctors, these give detail of why the individual may have cause to be absent from work. Other sources of information may be recorded through special surveys. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are many ideas, and opinions, on what constitutes good health, or what a meaningfully healthy lifestyle feels or looks like. It could be said that health should be a natural condition, or at least a consistent state of well being. There are some people who accept pain and discomfort in the body as a necessary part of living. They accept this condition because they observe that there are so many people with health complaints and so few people free of problems. It is even taken for granted today that dying of a degenerative disease is acceptable if the person had led a good life. Reference Aggleton.p, Health, 1990, Cox and Wyman Ltd, Routledge, London, UK M.Bartley, D.Blane, G.Davey Smith, The Sociology of Health Inequalities. 1998, Blackwell Publishers Ltd, Oxford, UK. http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=36255&dict=CALDl accessed 29/1/07, Cambridge university press 2007. http://www.dh.gov.uk/PublicationsAndStatistics/PressReleases/PressReleasesNotices/fs/en?CONTENT_ID=4122137&chk=MXpacX, accessed M.Haralambos, F.Smith, J.O'Gorman, R.Heald, Sociology a New Approach, 1996, Third Edition, Printed by Cambus Litho Ltd, Causeway press Ltd, PO Box, Ormskirk, Lancs, L39 5HP R.Henshaw, B.Howells, Access to Sociology Health, 1999, Hodder & Stoughton, Hodder Headline Plc,338 Euston Road, London, UK G.Scambler, Sociology as Applied to Medicine, 2003, Third Edition, Harcourt Publishers Ltd, Uk R.Smithson, Health & Social Care, 2005, Printed by Scotprint, Haddlington, East Lothian, Phillip Allen Updates, Market Place, Deddington, Oxfordsahire, Uk, P.Taylor,J.richardson, A.Yeo, I.Marsh, K.Trobe, A. Pilkington, Sociology in Focus, 1995, Causeway Press Ltd, The Bath Press, Lower Bristol Road, Bath, UK. S.Taylor,D.Field, Sociology of Health and Health Care, 2003, Third Edition, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Editorial Offices, Garsington Road, Oxford, UK http://www.uwic.ac.uk/shss/dom/newweb/Sick_role/Relationship.htm, accessed .... http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673605715105/fulltext accessed... http://www.ucel.ac.uk/shield/parsons/Default.html Accessed.... ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Concepts of health disease and illness.

    (This may of course vary from one individual to another depending on cultural and ethnic beliefs.) Various studies have shown that social class and environment may influence a person's health and illness. For e.g. living in poverty, damp housing and low income can cause raised child mortality rate of the lower class.

  2. Communicating in Health and Social Care.

    It was also hard because they were they excited and quite hyperactive so it was hard to get them to stay on task (bird watching) and they were easily distracted and unfocused, they were more interested on what was going on around them.

  1. Mental Health and Stigma

    "Stigma and a lack of education about mental illness cause great suffering for Latino families, MaJos´┐Ż Carrasco, M.P.A., director of the NAMI Multicultural Action Center, told attendees at the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute. In the minds of some Hispanics, "mental illness is associated with danger and violence and is often

  2. The aim of this study was to investigate the health and nutritional status of ...

    In the Whitehall study, Marmot observed that health and illness followed a social gradient at all levels of income. Health gets poorer with lower socioeconomic position (Marmot, 2008). This was shown in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), a population based survey of people younger and older than 70

  1. Free essay

    Socialisation in sociology

    Developmental socialisation takes place in schools and social institutes such as my work place, where they develop social skills based on the influences in these institutes. I have established that some residents enter a period of resocialisation where they unlearn and discard former behavioural patterns and maladaptive thinking by means of support and therapy.

  2. Patients lived experience with an altered health status

    Mary's General Practitioner had arranged for her to be brought back into hospital as she was unable to cope in her surroundings. Prior to her first admission to hospital, Mary was a fully independent lady, she was able to go shopping, enjoyed visiting friends and family, and was able to cook and maintain her own personal hygiene.

  1. Critically Evaluate the contribution epidemiology has made to the understanding of and policy response ...

    This approach is extremely important because of the role it plays in investigating nutritional needs as well assessing the dietary requirements of the people suffering from the disease. However there have been issues with measuring diet intake in large populations which can result in measurement error.

  2. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    and control the physical, emotional and social well-being (D?Hondt and Everaert, 2011). Determining the knowledge, problem solving skills with regard to spinal cord injuries at admission, discharge and six months follow-up is crucial and this research was laid forward by May and his co-workers in 2007.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work