• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Assess the success of the' community care' policies over the last two decades in providing for the long-term needs of the elderly."

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Assess the success of the' community care' policies over the last two decades in providing for the long-term needs of the elderly." Longevity has increased for both men and women during the course of the 20th century. Life expectancy at birth rose by over 28 years for females and 24 years for males between the years 1900 and 1980. Caring for older and more dependant people is therefore a major social policy issue nowadays. Although increased life expectancy is obviously a positive achievement, with it unfortunately comes the perception of being a burden. Many older people do want to feel that they are a burden. They want to live as independent a life as possible. The government introduced the Community Care Reforms, first described in a 1989 paper called 'Caring for People'. The NHS and Community Care Act 1990 made the necessary legal changes, which were fully implemented in 1993. This essay will aim to assess how successful the community care policies have been in meeting the main aim of elderly people and how much of a change the reforms have made to their everyday lives and what effect this will have on their long-term care needs. To do this, the essay will consider what problems existed in community care policy in order to bring about the reforms. ...read more.

Middle

The second objective is to provide support for informal carers. Most of the people who provide community care older members of society are the friends, family and neighbours of the individual needing help. Such people need recognition and support in order to continue caring. They may need financial help, and consideration of their own needs when assessments are being carried out. The White Paper first recognised the particular importance of informal carers in the role of caring for the elderly because of their long-term care needs. This is a central factor in assessing how the reforms have affected the long-term care needs of the elderly. Without family or friends or neighbours, many old people would find it impossible to stay in the community in their own homes and this is, after all, their main wish. The third objective is to make proper assessments of care and need. The packages of care should then be designed in line with the individuals needs. One of the major concerns leading to the Griffiths report was the large amount of public money being spent on residential and nursing home care without any assessment of needs. It was argued that many people in homes need not be there if the proper services were available in the community. ...read more.

Conclusion

The aim of developing community care for people at home have been rooted in the belief that people, especially the elderly, is preferred, desired and cheaper (believed, though not confirmed) than care in institutions. Whether or not all these changes succeed and continue to be a success depends pertly on the amount of money available to carry them out and on the availability of appropriate health care, housing and other factors. However, real success depends on the attitudes of the people involved. The changes are complex and are not always easy to understand. Community Care is constantly changing for all involved, including the elderly. For each individual person it is important to ensure that his or her community care jigsaw fits together as well as it possibly can. This means continuing to strive to make the practise of community care for each person match as closely as possible to the ideals. This, however, is an on going and never ending challenge. BILIOGRAPHY BALDOCK ET AL; SOCIAL POLICY; 1999; OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS VICTOR, C R; COMMUNITY CARE AND OLDER PEOPLE; 1997; STANLEY THORNES PUBLISHERS TESTER, S; COMMUNITY CARE FOR OLDER PEOPLE, A COMPARITVE PERSPECTIVE; 1996; MACMILLAN PRESS LTD GROVES, T; COUNTDOWN TO COMMUNITY CARE; 1993; BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP MEREDITH, B; THE COMMUNITY CARE HANDBOOK, THE REFORMED SYSTEM EXPLAINED; 1995; AGE CONCERN ENGLAND Laura Duncan 98057758 BA Social Science Sociology of Welfare - Coursework 3rd Year Page 1 of 5 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a ...

    4 star(s)

    Housing isn't offered on a point system from the council but on a swap for swap basis (Local Authority 2008). Transport The number of households with access to a car or a van is 34.7 percent. This is lower than the national average by 6.64%.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but ...

    4 star(s)

    The care the individual is providing and how much they provide is also taken into consideration. They also consider any work, study or leisure activities the individual wishes to do. There is support available to carers such as, local Carers Centres, advice and support via the internet (e.g.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Elderly people in Residential Care.

    3 star(s)

    Visitors had to ring ahead when they came to see relatives in Oathurst Residential Care Home in Oxford, this was to give time to care workers to hide stench of urine with room freshener and scrap faeces off the curtains.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 10 care practice and provision

    3 star(s)

    The surgeon also said that Johnny was unable to read and had poor eyesight and came to the conclusion that there was little point. Ravenswood always take into account 'what best for the resident/service user', and organised a multi-disciplinary meeting with the CLTPD, where there was Johnny's carer, psychologist, speech therapist, language therapist, occupational therapist and a physiotherapist.

  1. The importance of therapeutic relationships in the delivery of care.

    McKenna (1999) promotes the view that it should be the accepted practice that health care in today's society will automatically be based on best practice. However there are sometimes barriers to evidence based care, and not all of these can be removed by determination alone.

  2. Today's healthcare environment dictates that management decisions are clinically sound, operationally efficient, financially responsible ...

    Ellis et al (2000b) cite an example of how a 24 hour specialist mental health practitioner role enhanced the service offered to mental health patients in an acute care setting and that of the registered general nurses who were able to access invaluable support and advice.

  1. Managing Care.

    Secondly using the AL 'Maintaining a safe environment' which encompasses everything from the physical ward setting through to homeostasis, this assignment will focus on the actual problem of hypertension, as it is one of the main risk factors for stroke {DoH2002:5.14}.

  2. An exploration of the influences older people's views about end-of-life decisions and the factors ...

    Is talking about death a taboo subject? A limited taboo thesis has been put forward by Walter, (2003) to argue that is not modern society per se, but particular key occupational groups within it, that find death peculiarly difficult to handle.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work