• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24

Community Profile

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Community Profile Word Count: 3,938 Introduction The World Health Organisation (1999) states that everyone is entitled to the best possible level of health, however this is difficult to define (Ewles and Simnett 2003, Watkins et al 2003). Townsend (1980) recognized that a combination of social, economic and environmental factors affect an individual's health in different ways at different times. Better Health, Better Wales (1998) also states that a person's social and economic circumstance has a high impact on mortality; it also states that there is a high correlation between a pattern of deprivation and a pattern of ill-health and disease. In this essay I intend to outline community health needs within a chosen area. I will firstly study the area using a community profiling system and secondly identify a health need for this particular area. A community profiling system will allow me to look at quantitative data on areas such as population, age, ethnicity, crime, housing and education as well as general health and well-being of my chosen Ward. Using this information it is possible to distinguish the main health needs of the community and where these needs can be amended to improve the quality of the health service provided, Clinical Governance gives us the framework for assessing the quality of the care provided. In addition this profile will allow me to gain a greater knowledge of the ward and help me to analyse the resources within the area as well as providing evidence for shortfalls. The essay will also allow me to look at the impact that the primary, secondary and voluntary sectors have on health in a community. All names and locations have been changed in order to maintain confidentiality in accordance with NMC (2008) Code of Professional Conduct. Geography The Ward is located on a steep hill and overlooks the city centre. It is know by the Welsh assembly as a first area due to long-term social and economic disadvantages. ...read more.

Middle

Shopping facilities within the area are limited and consists only of 2 small supermarkets, a butcher and a newsagent. These can impact on a community in many ways, for example the supermarkets offer limited choice of food which offers little nutritional value to its customers. Fruit and vegetables are expensive in small supermarkets along with fish and meat, which can deter individuals from buying such products and going for the cheaper less healthy option. The lack of option and poor diet will eventually lead to health complications. Whilst the Ward is only a short distance from the City centre families with young children or older members may find it difficult to get about. The Doctors surgery isn't based directly in the Ward, but in the City centre, yet people with difficulty reaching the surgery are probably the people that need it the most. Hart (1971) stated, "The availability of good medical care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served." This tends to run true for most deprived Wards as GP's do not have enough incentive to set up practices in these areas although they have the greatest need. Epidemiology & Health Need To fully understand the health needs of the Ward area the epidemiology as well as the demographic needs to be looked at. Complete accuracy is difficult to achieve however as a multitude of sources need to be used and may skew some of the results. Gray (2001) acknowledges that evidence-based comparisons are seldom exact, and results need to be expressed as a probability. Within the Ward there are various health services available to the residents, the primary health care team consisting of District nurses, Health Visitors: Chronic conditions Nurses, Doctors, Social workers and a Dentist. Although there is no GP Surgery within the Ward the area is covered by teams working primarily out of a nearby surgery. ...read more.

Conclusion

3.65 2.46 2.66 People aged 10-14 (Persons)1 Count 747 14,175 195,976 People aged 15 (Persons)1 Count 148 2,926 37,951 People aged 16-17 (Persons)1 Count 258 5,611 75,234 People aged 18-19 (Persons)1 Count 215 6,348 71,519 People aged 20-24 (Persons)1 Count 528 15,474 169,493 People aged 25-29 (Persons)1 Count 460 12,654 166,348 People aged 30-44 (Persons)1 Count 1,714 45,758 605,962 People aged 45-59 (Persons)1 Count 1,427 42,623 569,676 People aged 60-64 (Persons)1 Count 395 11,744 152,924 People aged 65-74 (Persons)1 Count 716 21,202 264,191 People aged 75-84 (Persons)1 Count 391 14,762 182,202 People aged 85-89 (Persons)1 Count 79 3,264 38,977 People aged 90 and over (Persons)1 Count 47 1,575 19,404 Mean age of population in the area (Persons)1 y 35.9 39.96 39.5 Median age of population in the area (Persons)1 y 34 39 39 Last Updated: 09 November 2004 Source: Office for National Statistics Appendix 2 Top of Form Bottom of Form All lone parent households with dependent children1 Male lone parent : Total1 Female lone parent: Total 1 City 7,106 567 6,539 Unitary Authority Wales 87,965 8,134 79,831 Country Ward 672 49 623 Ward Last Updated: 13 April 2006 Source: Office for National Statistics Appendix 3 Appendix 4 Appendix 4 Appendix 5 Appendix 6 Appendix 7 Appendix 8 3.2 Reported health status and illnesses of children (a) Per cent 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2007 Illnesses: Long-standing illness .. .. .. 20 limiting long-standing illness .. .. .. 7 Selected long-standing illnesses: Asthma .. .. .. 7 Skin complaint .. .. .. 3 Mental illness .. .. .. 2 Illnesses currently being treated: Asthma 12 11 11 9 Other respiratory condition (b) 1 1 1 2 Skin complaint 10 9 11 10 Ear complaint 4 3 4 4 Eye complaint (c) 6 5 5 10 Musculoskeletal problems 3 2 2 4 Any mental illness .. .. .. 1 Source: Welsh Health Survey (a) Aged under 16. Questions changed from 2007 which may affect comparability of results. (b) Other than asthma. (c) From 2007, includes wearing glasses. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Nursing section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Nursing essays

  1. Written assignment that critically examines the effectiveness of policy, frameworks and assessment tools in ...

    However, this is not necessarily an indication that the strategies implemented following the introduction of the NSF are failing. The increase may be related to increasing longevity. Life expectancy at birth in the UK has risen from 71.7 in males, and 77.6 in females, born between 1984-86 to 76.9 and 81.3 respectively in those born 2004-06 (National Statistics, 2007).

  2. Case study of a child with asthma

    In a person who does not have asthma this process will send white blood cells to the site of the infection which will attempt to destroy the infection and prevent it from spreading. The white blood cells then cause the airway to swell and produce mucous.

  1. Reflective Essay

    As nurses we spend a lot of time with our patients and this provides us with the opportunity to facilitate communications and to enable our patients to explore this area if they wish. Sexuality is a very sensitive area and not one that many are comfortable with communicating about (Kralik et al, 2001).

  2. The Role of the Nurse in Health Promotion

    Abraido-Lanza et al have suggested that patients suffering with chronic diseases adapt to a new lifestyle more easily if they accept their diagnosis (Abraido-Lanza et al., 2004). Assuming we can compare living with a stoma to living with a chronic disease then it is safe to say that a successful

  1. Describe what is meant by the term `social determinants of health'. Discuss the evidence ...

    Part of the reason for this is that work has become a contested concept'. He implies that work has now become a challenged idea because work can include both non-paid work such as house work or being an un-paid carer and having an occupation for which one gets paid.

  2. HOSPITAL CASE ANALYSIS. This case study takes place at a hospital and is based ...

    This understanding will help them appreciate the work load of others and reduce antagonism on the floor; hence, encourages team work and improving human relations between nurses. Working in teams will give student nurses the opportunity to ask questions of their superiors.

  1. The Endocrine System

    The principal medical use of cortisone comes from its anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects; it is extremely useful in the treatment of innumerable diseases including asthma and other allergic reactions, arthritis, and various skin diseases. Epinephrine - (Pronounced As: epnefrin )

  2. Interprofessional working in the Health Service

    When the multi disciplinary team works effectively the varied perspectives of the professionals concerned should ensure that the client is receiving the optimum service for which they are entitled. All professionals working within the health service are governed by boundaries and policies which they must work within in order to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work